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2011甘肃兰州英语中考真题

一、听力理解(20分)

二、单项选择(20分)

1. You’ve just finished your listening exam. Please get yourself ready for the next part,        ?

A. shall we               B. will you                       C. do you                        D. are you

2.         do you have a face-to-face talk with your parent(s)?

A. How often           B. How soon             C. How many           D. How much

3. One of the difficulties we have         English is how to remember new words and expressions.

A. to learn                B. in learning            C. learn                     D. learned

4. Our Chinese teacher told us         interesting story and         story was about Thomas Edison.

A. an; a                   B. the; the                C. a; the                     D. an; the

5. — How do you like your English teacher?

— He is great. We         friends since three years ago.

A. were                    B. have made            C. have been             D. have become

6. Hi, Jim! Is this your bike or Mary’s?

— It’s mine, not        .

A. her                      B. him                      C. his                       D. hers

7. We can’t work out the physics problem. Can you tell us        ?

A. how to do                  B. what to do it           C. how to do it                 D. what should to do

8. Mary is used to         a T-shirt and jeans.

A. wear                    B. put on                  C. wearing                D. putting on

9. Of the two coats, she’d like to choose the         one to save money for a book.

A. cheapest              B. cheaper                C. more expensive   D. most expensive

10. He said he would come to see us         the next afternoon.

A. sometime             B. some time            C. sometimes            D. some times

11. There         a basketball match between Class One and Class Three this afternoon.

A. is going to be       B. will have              C. are going to be     D. is going to have

12. — I have changed my job.

       .

A. So do I              B. So have I             C. So I do                D. So I have

13. — Hello! Can I speak to the headmaster, please?

       

A. Who are you, please?                                  B. Of course, you can.

C. Who is it, please?                               D. Sorry, you can’t.

14. In many places in China, the old over 90         not only by their family but also by the government.

A. is taking good care                               B. are taken good care of

C. is taking good care of                             D. are taken good care

15. “Don’t         to strangers on your way to and from school”, mother often         to me.

A. speak; says                 B. speak; tells           C. talk; speaks           D. talk; tells

16. Jane is one of the students in the class         have ever been to China.

A. who                    B. whose                 C. which                   D. whom

17. — May I come in? I’m sorry I am late.

— Come in, please. But could you please tell me        ?

A. how do you come to school                 B. what were you doing then

C. who you talked with                        D. why you are late again

18. Keep off the drugs(毒品),         you and your family will be in great danger?

A. and                    B. or                        C. but                     D. so

19. — Excuse me. Is the library open all day?

       . Only from 8 a.m. to 4 p.m..

A. Yes, of course      B. That’s right           C. Sorry, I’m not sure D. Sorry, I’m afraid not

20. The population of the world         still         now.

A. will; grow             B. has; grown           C. is; growing           D. is; grown

三、完形填空 (10)

One day at the end of the class, a wise teacher told each of her students to   1   a plastic bag and a bag of potatoes to school.

The next day she told her students: “From today on, for every person you don’t like in your lives, you can choose a potato, write the person’s name and the date   2   it and then put it in the plastic bag.” Day after day, some of the students’ bags were very   3  . They were then told to carry this bag with them everywhere they went for a week. They would put it inside their quilts   4  , on the seats when sitting in a car or on a bus , and next to their desks at school. The days carrying the bag around with them   5   students get to know what a weight they were carrying in their minds. They had to pay attention to it all the time   6   they wouldn’t forget it. As time passed by, the potatoes went bad and   7   nasty(恶心). They all tired to get rid of them.

Too often we think of tolerance(宽容)as a gift to   8   people, and it clearly is for ourselves! If we choose to keep our sadness and hatred(仇恨)in our   9  , we will have to carry them around all our lives.

Do you think you have got   10   from the wise teacher and what she asked her students to do?

1. A. take              B. bring                 C. put                  D. show

2. A. in                B. at                   C. on                  D. with

3. A. heavy           B. strong               C. light                D. big

4. A. in the morning   B. in the afternoon     C. during the day       D. at night

5. A. kept             B. made               C. asked               D. allowed

6. A. as soon as        B. since               C. so that               D. until

7. A. sounded         B. tasted              C. smelt                D. felt

8. A. another          B. other               C. the other            D. others

9. A. hands            B. eyes                C. stomachs            D. hearts

10. A. anything        B. nothing             C. somebody           D. Anybody

四、阅读理解(15分)

A

Mr. Zhang was a sports fan. He worked in a hospital in the capital. He was busy all the time and had little time to have a rest. And one day he felt unwell and couldn’t go on working. He decided to spend a week’s holiday in a quiet village where he could go swimming or fishing. He got off at a small railway station and soon got to a quiet village. He took a room hotel and went to sleep as soon as he had a good meal.

At first Mr. Zhang enjoyed himself there. He could do everything he wanted and went wherever he liked. Nobody disturbed him and knocked at the door at midnight. But on the fourth day he was in trouble. After lunch it was very hot. He went swimming in the river. Suddenly he saw a beautiful bird in a big tree. He wanted to catch it, so he walked to it, but it found him and flew away as soon as gone. He began to pick some flowers in the forest and before long he lost his way.

The sun had gone down and night had fallen before Mr. Zhang found a small restaurant in another village. He came in and told them to bring him some bread, two eggs and a glass of tea. After a while his food was brought. Soon he ate up all the bread and eggs. When he was going to have the tea, he found there was a fly in the glass.

“What’s in my tea?” Mr. Zhang called out, “A fly”

“It’s impossible, sir.” said the owner of the restaurant, “I had told them to pick all the flies out of your tea before they brought it to you!”

1. From the story we can guess Mr. Zhang may be a        .

A. engineer              B. doctor                         C. tour guide            D. translator

2. Mr. Zhang decided to take this holiday because        .

A. he was too tired to go on working         B. he was very busy all the time

C. he was paid a lot of money                      D. he liked swimming and fishing

3. Mr. Zhang hoped to spend a week’s holiday by        ..

A. catching birds                                        B. swimming or fishing

C. picking flowers                                       D. having good meals every day

4. Mr. Zhang went to the village from home        ..

A. by bus                 B. by car                         C. on foot                        D. by train

5. Mr. Zhang didn’t enjoy himself in the village, did he?

A. No, he wasn’t.     B. Yes, he was             C. No, he didn’t        D. Yes, he did.

B

If a snake bites you, take a photo with your mobile phone! It saves your life. This is the surprising advice of a British cook. One day Henry Jackson was working in a restaurant kitchen. He picked up a dish from a table, and suddenly a snake appeared and bit him on the hand. A few days earlier, the snake came to the restaurant from Asia in a box of bananas. It climbed out of the box and hid under the dish. “I tried to pick it up and it bit me. I threw it away, but it landed in the fridge. So I closed the door.” Jackson said. Anyway, Jackson was cool and he took a photo of the snake with his mobile phone. Soon his hand began to ache and he went to hospital. Then his chest began to hurt. Doctors couldn’t say what was wrong because they didn’t know what kind of snake it was.

Then Jackson remembered his mobile phone photo. The doctors sent it to London Zoo. When they knew the kind of snake, they could give Jackson the right medicine, and he left hospital the next day. “So my advice is this: If a snake bits you, pick up your phone. Take its photo first and then call the hospital. Show the photo to the doctors,” suggests Mr. Jackson. “Oh, and if the snake doesn’t smile for its photo, don’t worry!”

1. When the snake bit Mr. Jackson, it was        .

A. hiding in a box of bananas                       B. climbing out of a box of bananas

C. lying under a dish                                     D. climbing into the fridge

2. Mr. Jackson threw the snake away probably because        .

A. he was surprised                                 B. he wanted to get a better photo

C. his chest began to hurt                            D. the fridge door was open

3. Mr. Jackson closed the fridge door so that        .

A. he could take a photo                               B. the snake couldn’t go back to the zoo

C. the snake became cool                              D. he was safe from the snake

4. The doctors gave Mr. Jackson the right medicine when        .

A. London Zoo told them what kind of snake it was

B. Mr. Jackson sent the photo to the hospital

C. he left hospital the next day

D. the snake bit him

5. The text tells us if we are in danger and have a phone with us, it will help us to do        thing.

A. one                   B. two                           C. three                          D. four

C

A sign is another kind of language. Here are some of them that you see on the roads.

Number one is a sign with the number thirty on it. When drivers see this sign, they must not go at more than thirty kilometers can hour. We see this sign when we are getting near a town. Number two is a sign that we’re near a crossing. We must drive carefully. Number three is a sign that there is a bend in the road. Again, we must drive slowly and carefully. It is not safe to go round a bend very fast. Number four is a sign that there is another road coming in from the right. There is a junction at this place. Number five is a sign that there is a hill and number six is a sign that the road gets narrow. Drivers must go slowly and carefully. Number seven has the word “SCHOOL” on it. This is a sign that there is a school at the side of the street or the road. Perhaps there are children going to or leaving school. So drivers must look carefully and go slowly. Number eight is a sign with the letter “P” on it. The letter “P” means “Parking”. At some places, there’re the signs “No parking” or “No waiting”. If a driver leaves his car near one of these signs, a policeman may come and write down the number of his car.

1. At the places where you see Sign 1,        .

A. you are already out of a town

B. you still have thirty kilometers to go

C. there must be many houses and buildings not far away

D. there must be a town thirty k8ilometers away

2. The underlined word bend probably means         here.

A. traffic              B. subway                   C. turning                     D. danger

3. You have to drive not only slowly but also carefully when you find        .

A. each of the eight signs                              B. either of Signs 2 and 3

C. all of Signs 2, 4, 6 and 7                                  D. any of Signs 3, 5, 6 and 7

4. People put these signs on the road in order to        .

A. teach drivers lesson                                         B. make drivers even safer

C. stop cars going there                                 D. learn another kind of language

5. Which can be the best title for this message?

A. Another language.  B. On the road.           C. What to do.            D. Traffic signs.

五、任务型阅读(15分)

A) 用方框中所给单词的适当形式填空,每个单词限用一次,使短文通顺,正确连贯。

child, all, see, family, for a moment, show, in, loved, together, cook

People are so busy these days that many people have no time   1  . This becomes a problem, because most   2   love home cooking! The food tastes good and warm, and a family meal brings everyone   3  . In some families, meals are often the only times everyone   4   one another at the same time.

Another reason people enjoy home cooking is that it is often a way of   5   love. A parent who makes some cookies is not just satisfying a   6   sweet tooth. She or he is sending a message. The message says, “I care about you enough to spend an hour making cookies that you will eat up   7   fifteen minutes if I let you.”

There is also something about the smell of home cooking. The smell of home cooking pleases people of   8   ages. It makes most of us feel good and   9  , even if we are the ones doing the cooking! Next time you smell a cake making, stop   10   and pay attention to your mood(心情).

B) 仔细阅读下面的短文并按要求完成后面的小题。

It is said that about half of the people in China smoke. Many young boys and girls have the habit of smoking, though they are middle school students.

More and more people have come to realize how serious this problem is. But they are never bored with it. Some people think it is a kind of fashion, some think it is of great fun and others think that smoking can refresh themselves.

Smoking causes many illnesses. A lot of people always cough                 smoking. The most serious illness caused by smoking is lung cancer. At the same time smoking is a waste of money. Besides, careless smokers may cause dangerous firs.

ƒ众所周知,吸烟有害于人体健康。In order to keep healthy, we should get rid of the bad habit of smoking. Please stop smoking at once.

1. 句划线部分译成汉语:                                               

2. 句的空白处填入适当的词使句意完整、上下文通顺:                      

3. ƒ句划线部分的汉语译成英语:                                          

4. 列出短文中提到的吸烟的至少两点危害:                                    

5. 该篇短文的主题是:                                                      

六、口语交际(5分)

阅读下面的对话,根据上下文从方框内的选项中选择恰当的选项补全对话,使句义完整,符合逻辑。有两项为多余选项。

Paul:   1  , Nick? Is it time to go home?

Nick: No, it’s 3:15 p.m.. It’s time to go and play games.   2  ?

A. It’s blue

B. But where’s your watch

C. They’re blue

D. No, I think it’s Paul’s

E. What time is it now

F. What day is it today

G. You must look after your belongings.

Paul: I don’t know. I can’t find it.

Mr. Li: Whose is this watch? Is it your, Nick?

Nick:   3  .

Mr. Li: What color is your watch, Paul?

Paul:   4   .

Mr. Li: Is this one yours?

Paul: Oh, yes, it’s mine.

Mr. Li: Paul,   5  . Put it in your schoolbag.

Paul: Thank you, Mr. Li.

七、词汇考查(15分)

A)读句子,根据所给汉语提示写出单词

1. Look, Mum! All the boxes in the room are filled with       (蔬菜).

2. Many people died in       (自然的)disasters every year.

3. Reading English aloud every day will of course help you to improve your       (发音).

4. The have planted about five       (千)trees in and around the town in the past few years. 

5. Many roads are being improved to meet the coming       (国际的)Marathon in Lanzhou.

B)根据句义,用括号内所给词的适当形式填空。

1. Lucy usually enjoys       shein front of the mirror before leaving home.

2. “ Why are you late for school again?” said his teacher       angry.

3. My uncle lives on the       twelvefloor of the building.

4. We all received an       inviteto her wedding.

5. You can go       crossthe street when the traffic lights turn green.

C)用括号内所给动词的适当形式填空

1. All of you are very busy       getfor this exam, aren’t you?

2. You had better       not hurry. There is still enough time to go.

3. The student       nameWang Lin is my example in English learning.

4. If you are really tired, you can stop       havea rest for 10 minutes.

5. When I got home, my pet dog       lieon the floor, dead.

八、按要求完成句子(10分)

A)句型转换。

1. By comparing with others, you will find your problems are not so terrible.(划线部分提问)

                  you find your problems are not so terrible?

2. It is interesting to send English messages to friends on a mobile phone.(改为感叹句)

                  interesting thing it is to send English messages to friends on a mobile phone!

3. It would be nice if we could get a room with a kitchen so we could cook our town meals.(改为同义句)

It would be nice if we could get a room                   a kitchen so we could cook our own meals.

4. Being a volunteer is great.(改为反义疑问句)

Being a volunteer is great,                  ?

5. The woman teacher asked the students “Can you understand what I am saying?”(改为间接引语)

The woman teacher asked the students                   could understand what she was saying.

B)根据所给汉语提示完成下列句子。

1. 青少年认为他们应该被允许自己做决定。

Teenagers think they should                   to make the decision for themselves.

2. 自从父亲去世以来,我一直害怕孤独,总是想办法让母亲更多地关注我。

I have been afraid of          alone, and tried to make my mother pay          attention to me since my father’s death.

3. 许多年轻人总是梦想成为有名的篮球运动员。

Many young people                   becoming famous basketball players.

4. 你认为我们的校规和班规怎么样?

         do you                   our school rules and class rules?

5. 人人有责使学校成为无烟场所。

It is everyone’s          to make our school smoking-free environment.

九、书面表达(10分)

总结是有效学习的重要组成部分,每个同学都应重视和培养这方面的能力。今天的英语考试已经接近尾声了,经过近两个小时的答题体验,请总结一下自己在英语学习中中取得的进步和存在的不足,并对今后的英语学习拟定一些计划。下面的提示句可以帮助你更好地完成写作。

要求;1、紧扣主题,观点正确,行文连贯、流畅。

2、提示句需在文中出现。

3、字数80— 100左右。

I have just had a very… time in this English examination. I found I have made great progress in… But there is still… to learn further. In the future, I will try my best in…