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2011江苏无锡英语中考真题

Ι卷(55分)

一、单项填空(15分)

1. The theme park is about ______ ride from the museum. You should start out right now.

A. two hour          B. two hour’s         C. two hours’         D. two hours

2. — There used to be lots of fish in the lake.

— Yes, but there are very ______ now.

A. few                    B. fewer                C. little                  D. less

3. We will see ______ even stronger China in ______ near future.

A. a; the                B. an; the              C. the; a                 D. an; a

4. Books are made ______ paper while paper is mainly made ______ wood.

A. of; of                      B. from; from         C. of; from            D. from; of

5. ______ Amy likes to go to the cinema, but she doesn’t like to see horror films.

A. Since                B. As                     C. Though          D. 不填

6. Nanjing isn’t so large ______ Shanghai, however, it’s the second ______ city in East China.

A. like; largest         B. as; largest           C. like; large            D. as; large

7. — ______ is it to your home town from here?

— Well, it takes a little over three hours to get there by coach.

A. How soon                  B. How much          C. How long            D. How far

8. It’s very nice ______ you ______ my parents your best wishes.

A. of; sending            B. of; to send            C. for; to send                    D. for; sending

9. — Peter doesn’t mind lending you his camera.

— He ______. I’ve already borrowed one.

A. needn’t                  B. can’t                             C. mustn’t                  D. shouldn’t

10. Could you tell me how long ______ the football club?

A. you have joined    B. have you joined            C. you have been in         D. have you been in

11. There’s a lot to do. We can’t ______ to waste any time.

A. wait                        B. afford                            C. want                       D. have

12. Jane’s mother preferred ______ TV at home to ______ to the concert.

A. to watch; go           B. watching; going      C. watching; go           D. to watch; going

13. — Will you please help me to repair the computer now?

— Sorry. I’m too busy and I haven’t a minute to ______.

A. spare                    B. share                     C. spend                    D. save

14. Don’t try to do everything at once. Take it a bit ______.

A. at times                 B. at that time            C. at all times            D. at a time

15. — I’ll fly to Qingdao for my holiday this weekend.

— Wonderful! ______

A. Why not?             B. I hope so.              C. With pleasure.       D. Have a good time!

二、完型填空(10分)

One day something went wrong with a man’s bicycle chain(链条). The man could not repair it, so he looked   16   for help. The only house nearby belonged to a woman who had   17   there a few months earlier. The man knocked at the door, but the woman did not answer. The door had clear glass in it, and the man   18   see that the woman was home. He decided to knock again. Finally the woman came to the door. The man immediately explained his   19  . “I can fix the chain,” the woman said. Later when the bike was   20   to go, the man said, ‘Thanks. I hope I can help you some day.” “I never need help,” the woman said.

The following week the man was riding his bike   21   he noticed the woman walking down the street. A strong wind suddenly lifted(拾起) her hat and sent it into the branches() of an old tree. The woman tried to get her hat with a stick, but she failed. She seemed   22   because she clearly was not dressed for tree-climbing. The man hurried over, quickly climbed up to the hat and   23   it into the woman’s waiting hands. When she put on her hat, she   24   the man as he climbed back on his bike. ‘I think I told you I never need help,” the woman said, “I’m glad you didn’t   25   me. Thanks.” Then they both smiled.

16. A. out                        B. up                               C. down                    D. around

17. A. left                        B. moved                  C. waited                  D. stopped

18. A. could             B. might                    C. couldn’t               D. didn’t

19. A. idea                B. plan                      C. problem               D. message

20. A. hard               B. ready                    C. slow                     D. unable

21. A. when              B. before                  C. after                     D. though

22. A. bored             B. relaxed                        C. frightened            D. worried

23. A. dropped          B. put                       C. collected              D. brought

24. A. saved             B. passed                  C. studied                        D. chose

25. A. excuse           B. notice                   C. find                      D. believe

三、阅读理解(30分)

A

If you want to become a better reader, what should you know about speed of reading?

Some people read very rapidly(很快地), while others read very slowly. But which one is better?

The rapid reader may be a good reader when he reads a storybook for fun. But he may not be able to slow down enough to read directions(说明) carefully. He may read so rapidly that he does not take time to understand fully the ideas and information which are important to remember.

The slow reader may be a good reader when he reads directions for making something. But he may spend too much time in reading a simple story which is meant to be enjoyed but is not important enough to be remembered.

So, you see, either a rapid reader or a slow reader is not really a good one. If you wish to become a better reader, here are four important things to remember about speed of reading.

1. Knowing why you are reading will often help you to know whether to read rapidly or slowly.

2. Some things should be read slowly throughout. Examples are directions for making or doing something, science and history books, and Maths problems. You must read such things slowly or remember each important step and understand each important idea.

3. Some things should be read rapidly throughout. Examples are simple stories for enjoyment, letters from friends and bits of news from hometown papers.

4. In some of your reading, you must change your speed from fast to slow and slow to fast, as you go along. You will need to read certain(某些) pages rapidly and then slow down and do more careful reading when you come to important ideas.

26. What should be read rapidly?

A. Directions for making something.                    B. Maths problems.

C. Science and history books.                       D. Storybooks, newspapers, personal letters, etc.

27. What is the important thing you should keep in mind about speed of reading?

A. To read as fast as you can.                  B. To fit your reading speed to your needs.

C. To read as slowly as possible.                          D. To keep your reading at a certain speed.

28. Which title best gives the main idea of the passage?

A. Something about Careful Reading                 B. Be a Rapid Reader.

C. How to Read?                                           D. How to Be a Slow Reader?

B

Chris Jones recently completed a very unusual journey. Our reporter Mary Owen met him at his home in the south of London and be told her all about the trip.

Reporter: What gave you the idea to make a trip around India on an elephant, Chris?

Chris: Well, it all started the idea two years ago when I was planning a trip to India. I visited a photo exhibition of elephants and I realized that the only enjoyable way to make a trip around India was on an elephant.

Reporter: What did you do next?

Chris: I flew to New Delhi and started looking for an elephant; I needed an elephant trained to carry people. I didn’t know anything about elephants, so I asked an expert(专家) for help. He taught me how to ride an elephant. He also helped me find an elephant.

Reporter: How long did it take to find a suitable elephant?

Chris: Not too long. I bought a female elephant called Tara for about 6, 000 dollars.

Reporter: Can you tell me about the journey?

Chris: Tara and I set off from New Delhi a week later. We were going to Sonepur in northern India. There is a big elephant market there and I could sell Tara easily. And what a ride! Elephants can travel at about 6 miles an hour and Sonepur is more than 1, 200 km away. It took us 64 days to complete the journey.

Reporter: Did you have any problems on your journey?

Chris: Yes, a few. But nothing serious. On the third day, Tara hurt her foot. Btu that got better quickly. Also, there was a lot of heavy rain during the first week and we got very wet!

Reporter: What happened when you reached Sonepur?

Chris: My plan was to sell Tara. But I was very fond of her. I couldn’t take her back to Britain and I didn’t want to sell her at the market. I happened to meet some people who wanted an elephant for their national park in southern India. I knew that Tara would be safe with them, so I gave her to them. I was very sad to say goodbye.

29. Chris got the idea to make a trip around India on an elephant from __________.

A. a visit to a zoo                                   B. an elephant expert from India

C. the photos of elephant                           D. an old friend who lived in India

30. The elephant expert told Chris __________.

A. when to buy an elephant                      B. how to feed an elephant

C. where to sell his elephant                     D. how to ride an elephant

31. Chris decided to go to Sonepur because __________.

A. it is a very interesting place                       B. he would be able to sell Tara there easily

C. elephants cannot be sold anywhere else           D. it would take only a short time to get there

32. When Chris arrived at the market in Sonepur, __________.

A. he realized that he did not really want to sell Tara

B. he visited some shopkeepers

C. he sold Tara to a national park

D. he decided to take Tara home with him

C

Driving a car at a high speed along a highway seems to be fun. You only need to follow the bright traffic signs beside the highway and it will take you where you wish to go.

But to a London taxi driver, driving is not an easy job. A taxi driver needs to have not only good driving skills but also a good knowledge of the city of London, from the loneliest street to the popular restaurant around. He has to be at the service of all kinds of passengers (乘客) at all times.

A London taxi driver said the following about his job.

During the night it is usual for him to stop two or three times for some food. He said, “I never drink when I’m working, otherwise I’d lose my license (驾驶执照).”

He normally goes home between two and three o’clock in the morning. There are times he has to stay longer and try to make more runs. He said, “That’s the worst thing about working for yourself. If you don’t make money, no one is going to give it to you. ”

London taxi drivers not only “take” but also “give”. Every summer hundreds of poor children from London go for a day at the sea ― by taxi! There rides are paid by the taxi drivers. At the sea, they are met by the mayor (市长) , and a lunch party is also held for the taxi drivers and the children. After a happy day’s running around the beaches and visiting the market there, the children go home again by taxi, free of charge of course!

33. London taxi drivers try to make more runs sometimes mainly because __________.

A. they make a living by driving                          B. they prefer to work for themselves

C. they want to help more passengers                   D. they are used to working deep into the night

34. How do London taxi drivers “give”?

A. They give the poor children a lunch party at the sea each summer.

B. They give poor children the chance to meet the mayor.

C. They pay for some poor children’s rides for a day’s tour each summer.

D. They play with some poor children at the sea for a day each summer.

35. Which of the following words can be used to describe London taxi drivers?

A. Brave and careful.                        B. Rich and generous

C. Modest and easy-going                    D. Hard-working and kind.

36. The passage is most likely to be found from __________.

A. an advertisement of a taxi company         B. an online travel guide

C. a website about the taxi drivers in London       D. a report about living conditions in London

D

Close contacts between Japan and the rest of the world were created in the twentieth century. In the last forty years, business contacts between Japan and the West have become very important. Many foreign companies now have offices in Japan and Japanese businessmen do business around the world. Differences between Japanese and Western ways of doing business, however, often bewilder foreign businessmen and make doing business in Japan difficult for foreigners.

The American businessman, for example, wants to start talking business immediately. He does not want to wait. The Japanese businessman, on the other hand, likes to arrive at decisions after giving them serious thought. Another thing foreign businessmen have difficulty in understanding is when a Japanese means “Yes” or “No”. This is because of cultural differences between Japanese and Western society(社会), Which make it difficult for a Japanese to say “No” directly.

In the USA, it is easy to say “No” to something one does not want to do. But in Japan, it is very difficult to say “No”. To refuse an invitation or a request(请求) with “No” is felt to be impolite. It is thought to be selfish and unfriendly. So instead of saying “No” directly, the Japanese have developed many ways to avoid(避免) saying “No”. These can help them avoid hurting other people’s feelings. However, this often makes their ways of doing business rather difficult for foreigners to understand and follow.

37. What often makes foreigners feel difficult to do business in Japan?

A. Their different ways of doing business.           B. Their different lifestyles.

C. The fact that the Japanese never say “No”.      D. The fact that the Japanese are slow to take action.

38. Which of the following is the closest in meaning to the underlined expression “bewilder foreign businessmen” in Paragraph One?

A. cause foreign businessmen to change their minds.

B. give a feeling of surprise to foreign businessmen.

C. attract foreign businessmen’s attention.

D. make foreign businessmen think wrongly.

39. What fact does the passage lead you to believe?

A. American businessmen do things more slowly than Japanese ones.

B. American businessmen like to say “Yes” and “No”.

C. Americans usually say what they are thinking.

D. Americans do not say what they think or feel clearly.

40. From the passage we can infer(推断) that __________.

A. Japanese businessmen are good at business

B. foreign businessmen should try to know Japanese ways of doing business

C. foreign businessmen must be more polite

D. you must learn from Japanese businessmen if you want to succeed

II卷(45分)

四、词汇运用(10分)

(A) 根据句意,在答题卡标有题号的横线上,写出括号内所给单词的适当形式。

1. You can make a __________ (choose) among those programmes.

2. The little girl came here by train all by __________ (she).

3. The lady looks much younger in this __________ (fashion) dress.

4. Of the winters in recent years, last winter was the __________ (dry) one.

5. The doctors in the hospital are trying a new __________ (treat) for cancer.

(B) 根据句意和汉语注释,在答题卡标有题号的横线上,写出单词的正确形式。

6. As we know, oil always __________ (漂浮) on water.

7. He __________ (点头) to me in greeting when I entered the room.

8. We are very __________ (自豪) that a pupil from our school has won the prize.

9. They all hurried __________ (往楼上) to see what was going on.

10. There was __________ (沉默) for a moment and then someone made a useful suggestion.

五、动词填空(10分)

1. Xiao Li promised to chat with me on the Internet, but so far he __________ (not do) so.

2. At the moment we have too much to do __________ (think) of doing anything else.

3. Last Friday afternoon the young man __________ (hurt) in the traffic accident which happened on the highway.

4. Sound __________ (travel) through air at a speed of about 340 metres per second.

5. Food cannot __________ (keep) properly in a fridge at an unsuitable temperature.

6. The snow __________ (stop) when she woke up and the sun was shining brightly.

7. Every one of us was excited, for in a few minutes we __________ (see) Liu Xiang appear on the sports ground.

8. The Women’s World Cup __________ (not begin) until 1991 when China hosted it in Guangzhou.

9. Understanding yourself is very important to __________ (build) self-confidence.

10. On Earth, gravity keeps our feet on the ground and makes anything we drop __________ (fall) towards the ground.

六、短文填空(6分)

In many countries, people t__________ (1) by car or by bike. They also get from place to place using p__________ (2) transport such as buses and trains. However, some people live in parts of the world where it is i__________ (3) to build roads. In these places, animals or other f__________ (4) of transport have to be used.

It is difficult to w__________ (5) in snow but easy to ski over it. So in places like Alaska, people use skis. If they want to go faster, they get dogs to p__________ (6) them on sleds(雪橇). Riding a snowmobile(雪地摩托) is a more m__________ (7), but expensive way of getting around on snow.

In desert(沙漠) like the Sahara in North Africa, people s__________ (8) get around on camels. Camels survive w__________ (9) in the desert, not because they can s__________ (10) water in their bodies though! They can survive without water for two weeks and without f__________ (11) for up to a month. H__________ (12) can only go without water for about three to five days.

七、完成句子(9分)

1. 在业余爱好上花些时间对我们来说是必要的。

It is necessary _______________________________ on our hobbies.

2. 那个报告使每一个听到的人感到振奋。

_______________________________ everybody who listened to it.

3. 布朗先生已经离开无锡三个多月了,他将于一周后返回。

Mr. Brown _______________________________ for more than tree months. He will come back in a week.

4. 你认为今天报纸上的那幅卡通画与文章相配吗?

Do you think that _______________________________ in today’s newspaper?

5. 校长正在伏案疾书,所以我们没有惊动他。

The principal was busy writing at his desk, so _______________________________.

6. 刚才没有人注意他所说的话。

Just now no _______________________________ he said.

八、书面表达(16分)

请以“Saving Tigers”为题,为某中学生英文报《习作园地》专栏写一篇80词左右的征文稿,内容要点如下:

1. 老虎是人们在动物园里最喜欢观看的动物之一;

2. 现在世界上仅存大约3,200只老虎,数目日趋减少;

3. 老虎处境危险的原因;

4. 保护老虎的建议。

注意:

1. 征文稿须包括所给内容要点,要求语句通顺、意思连贯;

2. 3、第4要点的内容须用56句话展开合理想象,作适当发挥;

3. 征文稿的标题已在答题卡上给出,不计入总词数。