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山东济宁任城一中高二英语10-11下学期期末测试题

卷(选择题,共115分)

第一部分 听力(略)

第二部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分45分)

第一节 单项填空(15分)

21. The driver was at _____ loss when _____ word came that he was forbidden to drive for speeding.

A. a; the               B. a; /                  C. the; the              D. /; /

22. — Is there any possibility of the film _____ in Paris International Festival?

— Not in the least, because the audience generally think little of it.

A. being tried out     B. tried out            C. trying out             D. to try out 

23. Many people believe we are heading for environmental disaster _____ we radically(彻底地) change the way we live.

A. but                   B. although              C. unless             D. until

24. Not only _____ interested in changing teaching methods but _____ beginning to show an interest in it.

A. the teacher himself is; all his students are                                   B. the teacher himself is; are all his students

C. is the teacher himself; are all his students                                    D. is the teacher himself; all his students are

25. What’s that ac学科网(www.zxxk.com)--教育资源门户,提供试卷、教案、课件、论文、素材及各类教学资源下载,还有大量而丰富的教学相关资讯!tor _____ that we saw in the film last night?

A. called                B. is called              C. calling                D. being called

26. I _____ to help you but I was not able to spare any time. I _____ a paper last night and I’ll have to finish it today.

A. wanted; have been writing                 B. had wanted; was writing

C. had wanted; wrote                         D. have wanted; wrote

27. —I can’t see the words on the blackboard clearly.

— Why, your eyes need _____. Perhaps you need _____ glasses.

A. examining; wearing                            B. to examine; wearing

C. to be examined; to wear                       D. examined; wearing

28. It was 1969 _____ the American astronauts succeeded in landing on the moon.

A. that               B. when              C. on which            D. which

29. Mark often attempts to escape _____ whenever he breaks traffic regulations.

A. being fined        B. having been fined  C. to be fined学科网(www.zxxk.com)--教育资源门户,提供试卷、教案、课件、论文、素材及各类教学资源下载,还有大量而丰富的教学相关资讯!         D. to have been fined

30. The order is that all the goods _____ to the city on time.

A. ship               B. shipped                C. be shipped           D. are shipped

31. Now the question that you must carefully consider is _____ can be put into practice.

A. how what you have learned              B. how you have learned

C. that why you have learned                D. how that you have learned

32. — You mustn’t play football on the street. It’s dangerous.

— No, _____. Thank you.

A. it’s safe                                              B. we won’t          

C. it’s none of your business                     D. we must

33. _____ makes that teacher famous is _____ over 92% of his students have been admitted to the state universities.

A. What; because      B. That; because                                        C. That; what          D. What; that

34. The actor pretends to be a fierce, bold man, but _____ he is timid and shy.

A. in action            B. in addition         C. in reality           D. in short

35. It is reported that large amounts of locusts(蝗虫) _____ in their activity in the north now.

A. is                     B. are                C. was                D. were

第二节 完形填空(30分)

When we talk about a bad man, we like to call him a “wolf”. But is it really true that the wolf stands for devil and ugliness?

Have you read the book “The Wolf Totem” by a famous writer Jiang Rong, which tells the story of the relationship between wolves and human beings? Have you ever   36   the wolves’ world? If you had, you would   37   the wolves.

In the book, wolves are heroes on the large grassland. They know more about   38   than humans. They can attack lambs without disturbing their mothers. They also know how to   39   full use of the shape of land to   40   sheep. I believe that if wolves were humans, they would be   41   experts good at fighting.

The wolf is a kind of special creature that can deeply understand   42  . Each wolf serves its group with its heart and soul. A   43   wolf has little power, but a pack of wolves   44   nothing. All the wolves obey the rules.   45   they are defeated, they run away together. It is their teamwork   46   makes wolves powerful.

The wolves also have great self-respect and won’t   47   to anyone. The writer, who wrote the book “The Wolf Totem”,   48   stole a one-month-old baby wolf and raised it very carefully. To his   49  , he found the little wolf still wanted to go back with   50   wolves. He bit through the iron chain that limited him. The wolf was   51   and he never gave in, fighting   52   his death. The little wolf died as a glorious fighter.

I was shocked by this kind of   53  : wolves are one of the most respected creatures on earth. I want everyone to look at wolves学科网(www.zxxk.com)--教育资源门户,提供试卷、教案、课件、论文、素材及各类教学资源下载,还有大量而丰富的教学相关资讯! in a   54   way. They are our teachers. They show us how to survive and   55   in this not simple and dangerous world. Please honor the wolves, please honor all these heroes of nature!

36. A. talked about    B. walked into            C. thought about        D. cared for

37. A. hunt           B. admire                  C. draw                D. watch

38. A. space                                            B. spot                    C. food                D. survival

39. A. make           B. take                    C. have                D. get

40. A. fight         B. avoid                  C. trap                  D. discover

41. A. special             B. imaginative            C. outstanding          D. creative

42. A. operation     B. teamwork              C. lifestyle              D. control

43. A. single          B. brave                  C. lonely               D. fair

44. A. fight         B. struggle                  C. fear                  D. fail

45. A. As for           B. As though              C. Even so              D. Even if

46. A. what         B. he                       C. that                  D. one

47. A. turn in            B. give in                C. take in              D. break in

48. A. once         B. just                     C. soon                D. only

49. A. satisfaction     B. disappointment      C. pleasure                 D. sorrow

50. A. rest            B. others                 C. another               D. the other

51. A. proud            B. satisfied                 C. willing                D. eager

52. A. until           B. although                C. before              D. unless

53. A. selflessness     B. self-confidence   C. self-respect            D. self-protection

54. A. curious          B. different                C. strange                D. humorous

55. A. walk         B. hand                   C. get                   D. succeed

第三部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)

第一节(30分)

A

Shopping in the United States changes a lot. About ninety years ago most people shopped in small stores that were owned by one person or a family. Women went from the bakery to the butcher’s to the grocer and on to the fruit and vegetable seller in order to get their food for the week. Then, about sixty years ago, supermarkets were born. In a supermarket, people could get all the different kinds of food they needed without going to different stores.

The next big change in shopping in the United States was the shopping mall. A shopping mall 学科网(www.zxxk.com)--教育资源门户,提供试卷、教案、课件、论文、素材及各类教学资源下载,还有大量而丰富的教学相关资讯!is a group of stores under one roof. Because malls allowed people to shop without worrying about the weather, they soon became very popular. The mall became a place for people to socialize in addition to shopping. If you walk through a mall, you will see older people sitting, chatting and drinking coffee. Malls are places for teenagers to hang out. Many teens will often just “go to the mall” and spend time with their friends.

The recent change in American shopping was the superstore. Large chain stores such as Wal-Mart, Office Depot and Toys “R” Us have been built all across the United States. Because they are so large, they can buy goods at a great discount and sell them much cheaper than smaller stores. Sometimes, when they are built near small towns, many of the small town stores have to close. They just cannot compete with their giant neighbors.

And now, online shopping is becoming more and more popular all over the States. People are too busy to go to the physical stores, so they go shopping over the Internet. Online shopping has lots of advantages. For instance, online stores are usually available 24 hours a day. Searching or browsing online shops can be faster than browsing the physical stores. While, online shopping also has its disadvantages. People are at higher risk of being cheated on the part of the merchant than in a physical store. And privacy of personal information may be let out.

56. Which of the following shows the right order of shopping development in the United States?

small stores  superstores  shopping malls  shopping online  supermarkets

A. ①②③④⑤           B. ①⑤③②④            C. ②③④①⑤            D. ①⑤②③④

57. Which is the place for people to spend time with others according to the passage?

A. Small stores.          B. Supermarkets.               C. Shopping malls              D. Superstores.

58. Why can the superstores sell products at much lower prices?

A. Because they can buy goods at a reduction in price.

B. Because they are across the United States.

C. Because they sell all kinds of products people need.

D. Because they are built near small towns.

59. What’s the disadvantage of online shopping according to the passage?

A. Wasting time.                                                  B. Fixed prices.

C. No chance to do physical activities.          D. Leaking personal information.

B

学科网(www.zxxk.com)--教育资源门户,提供试卷、教案、课件、论文、素材及各类教学资源下载,还有大量而丰富的教学相关资讯!Volunteers, as an essential part of a successful world exposition, are a major channel for the public to participate in, serve and share the world exposition and a means to showcase the image of the host country and city. The following information is about the volunteer for the World Exposition 2010 Shanghai China.

I. Basic Requirements for Volunteers

Be willing to participate in voluntary services of Expo 2010;

Age limit: Expo Site volunteers must be born before April 30, 1992 and Expo City Voluntary Service Station volunteers before April 30, 1994;

Obey the laws and regulations of the PRC;

Be able to participate in training and relevant activities before the opening of Expo 2010;

Possess necessary knowledge and skills needed by the position;

Be in good health to meet the requirements of corresponding voluntary positions.

II. Further Information for Volunteers

Source

Residents of Chinese mainland, Hong Kong, Macau and Taiwan, as well as overseas Chinese, and foreigners can all apply to be the volunteers.

Signup methods

Applicants may log in onto the official websites for online signup. They may also consult or connect with the Expo Volunteer Stations.

Time

May 1 – December 31, 2009

III. Volunteer Training

Volunteer training includes general training, special training and position training. General training is carried out through the Internet, while special training and position training are provided through classroom lectures and field practice.

IV. Volunteer Types

Expo Site volunteers refer to those offering voluntary services to visitors and the Organizer in the Expo Site, mainly including information, visitor flow management, reception, translation and interpretation, assistance for the disabled, and assistance in media service, event and conference organization and volunteer management.

Information booth volunteers are stationed in the Expo’s information booths at key transportation centers, commercial outlets, tourist attractions, restaurants, hotels and cultural event places outside the Expo Site. They offer services including information, translation, interpretation and even first aid.

60. What’s the purpose of this writing?

A. To recruit(招募)the volunteers for the World Expo 2010.

B. To give some basic information of t学科网(www.zxxk.com)--教育资源门户,提供试卷、教案、课件、论文、素材及各类教学资源下载,还有大量而丰富的教学相关资讯!he World Expo 2010.

C. To praise the hard work of the volunteers.

D. To attract people to visit the World Expo 2010.

61. If you were born in April 1993, where can you be a volunteer?

A. In the Expo Site.   B. In the host country.       C. In the Expo City.   D. In Chinese mainland.

62. Which of the training will be done on the Internet?

A. Position training.   B. General training.    C. Classroom training.       D. Special training.

63. Which of the following service is offered by information booth volunteers?

A. Visitor flow management.                        B. Helping the disabled. 

C. Assistance in media service.                            D. Emergency first aid.

C

With alarming regularity, we read about oil tankers having accidents near land and the terrible consequences of the oil spills(泄露)on people, nature, and the environment.

Millions of dollars have been used in developing special chemicals to help dismiss the spills and to clean up the animals, beaches, and land spoiled by the oil. Unfortunately, when many of these chemicals are used, more damage is caused to the environment, especially to lives in the sea.

Of all of today’s environmental disasters, an oil spill may actually be one of the least serious. Although oil is poisonous, it is a 学科网(www.zxxk.com)--教育资源门户,提供试卷、教案、课件、论文、素材及各类教学资源下载,还有大量而丰富的教学相关资讯!natural material. In the end, it breaks down naturally. There are, of course, long-term effects, but it is usually more serious in the short term.

Nature by itself works better than chemical materials, but when there is a spill we demand that governments act immediately with as much hi-tech knowledge as possible. In 1967 the tanker Torrey Canyon sank off the Sicily Isles near the coast of England and spilled 120,000 tones of oil into the ocean. If you go there today, you will find it hard to see any sign that it ever happened.

Governments seem to accept the risk of transporting millions of tons of oil by ship every day so that we can fill up our cars and drive around and cause even more environmental damage. Interestingly, the biggest companies in the world produce cars, and the next biggest supply the gasoline to make them run!

We should be thinking more about reducing our dependency on oil. Governments should be encouraging research into new technologies, such as cars run by solar power(太阳能), electricity, hydrogen, and so on. Much of this research has, in the past, been held back by the oil, gas, and coal.

If the world’s millions of cars were 10% more efficient(高效的)— and the industry could easily produce cars at least twice as efficient — we would need many fewer tankers crossing the oceans each year. If this happened, the risks of oil spills would be reduced, and the air we breathe would be cleaner and fresher, too.

64. What is the passage mainly talking about?

A. Oil tanker accidents.                                B. Oil spills pollution.

C. What oil pollution is.                                D. How to reduce oil pollution.

65. How does the author support the idea that oil spills are not as学科网(www.zxxk.com)--教育资源门户,提供试卷、教案、课件、论文、素材及各类教学资源下载,还有大量而丰富的教学相关资讯! serious as people believe?

A. By giving a description.                                  B. By making an argument.

C. By giving an example.                             D. By drawing a diagram.

66. What does the underlined word “risk” in Paragraph 5 refer to?

A. Transportation depending more on oil.            B. Poisonous oil breaking down naturally.

C. Millions of tons of oil spilling into the sea.     D. More environmental damage being ca学科网(www.zxxk.com)--教育资源门户,提供试卷、教案、课件、论文、素材及各类教学资源下载,还有大量而丰富的教学相关资讯!used.

67. Which suggestion is made for reducing oil tank accidents according to the passage?

A. We should develop new technologies to cut oil use      

B. Tankers should not be allowed to sail near the coastlines.

C. We 学科网(www.zxxk.com)--教育资源门户,提供试卷、教案、课件、论文、素材及各类教学资源下载,还有大量而丰富的教学相关资讯!should build safer oil tankers in the near future.

D. Countries should build more oil pipelines under the sea.

D

They are among the 250, 000 people under the age of 25 who are out of work in the Netherlands, a group that makes up 40 percent of the nation’s unemployed. A storm of anger boils up at the government-sponsored (政府资助的)youth center, even among those who are 学科网(www.zxxk.com)--教育资源门户,提供试卷、教案、课件、论文、素材及各类教学资源下载,还有大量而丰富的教学相关资讯!continuing their studies.

“We study for jobs that don’t exist,” Nicollets Steggerda, 23, said.

After thirty years of prosperity, unemployment among 10 member nations of the European Community has reached as much as 11 percent, affecting a total of 12. 3 million people, and the number is climbing.

The bitter disappointment long expressed by British youths is spreading across the Continent. The title of a rock song “No Future” can now 学科网(www.zxxk.com)--教育资源门户,提供试卷、教案、课件、论文、素材及各类教学资源下载,还有大量而丰富的教学相关资讯!be seen written on the brick walls of closed factories in Belgium and France.

One form of protest(抗议)tends to put the responsibility for a country’s economic troubles on the large numbers of “guest workers” from Third World nations, people welcomed in Western Europe in the years of prosperity.

Young Europeans, brought up in an extended period of economic success and general stability, seem to be similar to Americans more than they do their own parents. Material enjoyment has given them a sense of expectation, even the right to a standard of living that they see around them.

“And so we pass the days at the discos, or meet people at the café, and sit and stare,” said Isabella Cault. “There is usually not much conversation. You look for happiness. Sometimes you even find it.”

68. Unemployment in the Netherlands has affected _______

A. one million people                          B. 250,000 people

C. 1ess than half of the population             D. about 0.6 million people

69. What Nicollete Steggerda said (Para. 2) means that ________.

A. the students cannot get work after graduation

B. what the students learn is more than necessary

C. the students’ aim in study is not clear

D. school education is not sufficient

70. The underlined word ‘‘it” in the last paragraph most probably refers to ________.

A. material enjoyment                                          B. a sense of expectation

C. happiness                                              D. a job

第二节(10分)

Before going outside in the morning, many of us check a window thermometer(温度计)for the temperature. This helps us decide what to wear. __71__. We want our food to be a certain coldness in the refrigerator. We want it a certain hotness in the oven. If we don’t feel well, we use a thermometer to see if we have a fever. We keep our rooms a certain warmth in the w学科网(www.zxxk.com)--教育资源门户,提供试卷、教案、课件、论文、素材及各类教学资源下载,还有大量而丰富的教学相关资讯!inter and a certain coolness in the summer.

Not all the thermometers use the same system to measure temperature. We use a system called the Fahrenheit scale. But most other countries use the Centigrade scale.

Both systems use the freezing and boiling points of water as their guide. __72___.

The most common kind of thermometer is made with mercury(水银)inside a clear glass tube. As mercury (or any other liquid) becomes hot, it expands. As it gets colder, it contracts(收缩). That is why on hot days the mercury line is high in the glass tube. __73__.

First. Take a clear glass juice bottle that has a cap ; fill the bottle with colored water. Tap a hole in the center of the cap using a hammer and thick nail. Put the cap on the jar. Then stick a plastic straw(吸管) through the nail hole. __74__.

Finally. Place a white card on the outside of the bottle and behind the straw. Now you can see the water lever easily. __75__.

As the temperature goes down, the water will contract, and the lever in the straw will come down. Perhaps you will want to keep a record of the water lever in the straw each morning for a week.

A. People use thermometers which are made by themselves when travelling around the world.

B. We use and depend on thermometers to measure the temperature of many other things in our daily lives.

C. Thermometers measure temperature, by using materials that change in the same way when they are heated or cooled.

D. Now that you know this rule you can make a thermometer of your own that will work.

E. The water will rise in the straw. As the temperature of the air goes up, the water will expand and rise even higher.

F. They label these in different ways. On the Fahrenheit scale water freezes at 32 degrees and boils at 212 degrees. On the Celsius scale water freezes at 0 degrees and boils at 100degrees.

G. Take wax (you may use an old candle if you have one) and melt some of it right where the straw is struck into the cap to seal (粘住) them together.

II卷(非选择题,共35分)

第四部分 写作(共两节,满分35分)

第一节 短文改错(10分)

假如英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加,删除或修改。增加:在缺少单词处加一个漏字符合(^),并在其下面写出该加的词。

删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

修改:在错的词下划  横线,并在该下面写出修改后的词。

注意:1.每处错误及其修改学科网(www.zxxk.com)--教育资源门户,提供试卷、教案、课件、论文、素材及各类教学资源下载,还有大量而丰富的教学相关资讯!均仅限一词;

2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

I first met Li Ming at a friend birthday party five years ago. Then I invited Li Ming over in my place. We listen to my CDs together and soon became best friends. Three years ago, Li Ming’s parents invited I to spend two wonderful week in Qingdao with them during the summer holiday. Li Ming and I loved walking along the beautifully beaches there. Last year I was ill but had to stay in hospital for a week. Li Ming came to see me every day. Then his father has changed jobs and they moved to another city. Since then we have seen each other much, but we’ve kept write to each other.

第二节 书面表达(25分)

暑假即将来临。你班同学讨论了假期计划,提出了不同看法,请根据提示写一篇有关讨论的英语短文,并谈谈你的看法。

 

呆在家中

花费少、舒适方便。同时也能更好地复习各门功课。也能好好地调整自我。

 

不能亲身了解外界。

外出旅游

增长知识、开阔眼界。还可以认识很多的同龄人。畅通理想。

花费多、天气热、旅途不便。

注意:1. 短文写在答题卡上的指定区域,词数80-120(不含已写好部分)。

2. 短文必须包括表中所列要点,可根据内容分段表述。

3. 可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。

4. 参考词汇:眼界―horizon (view)

The summer holiday is coming. Our class have had a discussion about what to do during the holiday.