同步学习网是一个提供了大量的中考真题下载,高考真题下载,中考试题解析,高考试题解析,各个学习段的模拟试题下载的网站,我们希望通过在线做题的方式能够切实的帮助广大学生查缺补漏,提高学习成绩!

高二英语必修5第一单元练习题5

一、单项填空(15分)

1. The police had to ____ the evidence in order to arrest the thief.

A. examine               B. check                    C. test                        D. prove

2. He wrote her a long letter expressing the fact ____ she would not misunderstand him.

A. so as to                 B. in order to             C. so that                   D. for fear

3. My heart was filled with gladness because I was able to ____ my parents.

A. intend                   B. care                       C. concern                 D. attend

4. The relationship between the two countries has ____since the beginning of the talks on the border conflicts.

A. eased                    B. reduced                 C. easy                      D. comforted

5. It’s very dangerous to be ____ to the SARS virus without any protection.

A. disclosed              B. uncover                C. affected                D. exposed

6. This medicine will ____ him of his cough.

A. recover                  B. cure                      C. treat                      D. heal

7. He always brings me a pretty gift ____ he comes to visit me.

A. by the time           B. sometimes             C. every time             D. at times

8. To our surprise, the man, who was looked down upon by others in the past, is now ____ the whole project.

A. beyond control     B. in control of          C. out of control        D. losing control of

9. Finally he got the ____ from her eyes; she didn’t love him any longer.

A. news                     B. message                 C. explanation            D. expression  

10. — Where was I?

— You ____ you didn’t like your father’s job.

A. had said                B. said                        C. were saying           D. had been saying

11. We’re going to ____ the hutongs of Beijing. Would you like to join us?

A. get round               B. get along                C. get in                     D. get over

12. Professor Jordan gave us ____ lecture this afternoon and most of us were confused.

A. a more confusing B. more confusing a   C. a most confusing   D. the most confusing

13. — Do you _____ any difficulty ____ the subject?

— Yes. It’s too hard for me.

A. take; to understand                                                                      B. have; in understanding

C. take; understanding                                  D. have; to understand

14. In my opinion, Zhao Wei isn’t ____ a film star. She’s just good-looking.

A. much of                B. more of                 C. something of         D. a bit of

15. It’s seven o’clock now. Let’s ____ the news on CCTV-1.

A. see                        B. look at                   C. listen to                  D. watch 

二、完型填空(20分)

It was pouring outside. We all stood there   16  , some patiently, others annoyed   17   nature messed up弄糟their hurried day . I got lost in the sound and sight of the heavens   18   away the dirt and dust of the world.

“Mom, let’s run through the rain,” a girl’s voice   19   me.

“No, honey. We’ll wait until it   20   down a bit,” Mom replied.

The young girl waited about another minute and   21  : “Mom , let’s run through the rain.”

“We’ll get wet if we do,” Mom said.

“No, we won’t, Mom. That’s not what you said this morning,” the young girl said as she   22   her Mom’s arm.

“This morning?   23   did I say we could run through the rain and not get wet?”

“Don’t you remember? When you were talking to Daddy about his cancer, you said,” If God can get us through this, he can get us through   24  .”

The entire crowd turned   25  . Mom paused and thought for a moment about   26   she would say. Now some would laugh it off and scold her for being   27  . But then we heard, “Honey, you are   28  . Let’s run through the rain. If we get wet, maybe we just need washing,” Mom said. Then   29   they ran.

We all stood   30  , smiling and laughing as they ran past the cars. Yes, they got wet. But they were   31   by a few who screamed and laughed like children all the   32   to their cars. Circumstances境况or people can take away your material possessions, and they can even take away your   33  . But no one can ever take away your precious   34  . So, don’t forget to make time and take the   35   to make memories every day! I hope you still take the time to run through the rain.

16. A. talking             B. waiting                   C. complaining           D. expecting

17. A. as if                 B. even if                   C. because                 D. when

18. A. taking              B. putting                   C. driving                   D. washing

19. A. caught             B. broke                     C. impressed              D. called

20. A. slows               B. comes                    C. pushes                   D. calms

21. A. asked               B. repeated                 C. required                 D. added

22. A. pulled              B. touched                 C. waved                    D. felt

23. A. Why                B. How                      C. When                     D. Where

24. A. the rain            B. the disease             C. anything                 D. something

25. A. still                   B. silent                      C. serious                   D. angry

26. A. what                B. how                        C. whether                 D. if

27. A. dishonest         B. silly                        C. daring                    D. forgetful

28. A. right                 B. wrong                    C. stupid                    D. clever

29. A. off                   B. along                     C. on                          D. over

30. A. sighing             B. joking                    C. discussing              D. watching

31. A. followed          B. guided                   C. respected               D. praised

32. A. time                 B. way                       C. same                      D. best

33. A. house              B. money                   C. health                     D. time

34. A. children           B. memories               C. courage                  D. experience

35. A. possibilities     B. opportunities         C. risk                        D. challenge

三、阅读理解(40分)

A

Work is a part of living — my grandparents understood that. They lived and worked on a farm that has been in my family for 150 years. They raised chickens for eggs, pigs and cattle for meat. Cows were kept for milk and the cream, from which Grandma made butter and cheese. What little yard they had became a garden.

The Depression, therefore, didn’t make much change in their lives. But it did bring an unending flow of men out of work, drifting from job to job, to the farm. The first to show up at the door of the kitchen was a man in rags. He took off his hat and quietly explained that he hadn’t eaten for a while. Grandpa stood watching him a bit , then said , “There’s a stack of firewood against the fence behind the barn谷仓. I’ve needed to get it moved to the other side of the fence. You have just about enough time to finish the job before lunch.”

Grandma said a surprising thing happened. The man got a shine in his eyes and he hurried to the barn at once. She set another place at the table and made an apple pie. During lunch, the stranger didn’t say much, but when he left, his shoulders had straightened. “Nothing ruins a man like losing his self-respect,” Grandpa later told me.

Soon after, another man showed up asking for a meal. This one was dressed in a suit and carried a small old suitcase. Grandpa came out when he heard voices. He looked at the man and then offered a handshake.” There is a stack of firewood along the fence down behind the barn I’ve been meaning to get it moved. It’d sure be a help to me. And we’d be pleased to have you stay for lunch.” The fellow set his suitcase aside and neatly laid his coat on top. Then he set off to work.

Grandma says she doesn’t remember how many strangers they shared a meal with during those Depression days-or how many times that stack of wood got moved.

36. When he was asked to move a stack of firewood, the first man who asked for a meal got a shine in his eyes for he was glad that         .

A. he had found a good job

B. he would have something to eat

C. he would no longer suffer from the Depression

D. he would get what he wanted without losing his self-respect

37. The writer’s grandfather asked those jobless men to move the stack of firewood because        .

A. he didn’t want them to have a meal free of charge

B. he had needed to get it moved

C. he wanted to help them in his own way

D. he wanted to show them his kindness and respect

38. The writer’s grandfather was all of the following but         .

A. kind                             B. thoughtful              C. wealthy                  D. sympathetic

39. The best title for the story would be         .

A. The Depression                                                B. The Pleasure of Helping Others

C. No Pains, No Gains                                  D. Work-A Part of Living

B

Everyone knows that the French are romantic, the Italian are fashionable and the Germans are serious. Or do they? Are these just stereotypes or is there really such a thing as national character? And if there is, can it affect how a nation succeed or fail?

At least one group of people is certain that it can. A recent survey of the top 500 entrepreneurs实业家in the UK found that 70 percent felt that their efforts were not appreciated by the British public .

Britain is hostile to success, they said. It has a culture of jealousy嫉妒. As a result, the survey said, entrepreneurs were “unloved, unwanted and misunderstood”. Jealousy is sometimes known as the “green-eyed monster” and the UK is its home. Scientists at Warwich University in the UK recently tested this idea. They gathered a group of people together and gave each an imaginary amount of money. Some were given a little, others a great deal. Those given a little money were given the chance to destroy the large amounts of money given to others—but at the cost of losing their own. Two thirds of the people tested agreed to do this.

This seems to prove the entrepreneurs were right to complain. But there is also conflicting evidence. The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) recently reported that the UK was now the world’s fourth largest economy .That is not bad for people who are supposed to hate success. People in the UK also work longer hours than anyone else in Europe. So the British people are not lazy, either.

“It’s not really success that the British dislike,” says Carey Cooper, a Professor of management at the University of Manchester Institute of Science and Technology. “It’s people using their success in a way that seems arrogant傲慢or unfair or which separates them from their roots .”

Perhaps it is the entrepreneurs who are the problem. They set out to do things in their way. They work long hours. By their own efforts they become millionaires. But instead of being happy they complain that nobody loves them. It hardly seems worth following their example. If they were more friendly, people would like them more. And more people want to be like them.

40. What does the underlined “it” in the second paragraph refer to?

A. One group of people                                B. A great survey

C. National character                                           D. A nation

41. Most entrepreneurs surveyed believe that         .

A. they are not popular simply because they are successful

B. the British public are hardworking

C. love of success is Britain’s national character

D. they are considered as “green-eyed monsters”

42. What does the result of the Warwich University test show?

A. Two thirds of the people tested didn’t love money

B. Most people would rather fail than see others succeed

C. An imaginary amount of money does not attract people

D. Most people are willing to enjoy success with others

43. The writer of the passage seems to suggest that         .

A. jealousy is Britain’s national character

B. British entrepreneurs are not fairly treated

C. the scientists are Warwich University did a successful test

D. the British dislike the entrepreneurs because they do not behave properly

C

A Battery’s Worst Nightmare噩梦

Portable electronics that can be carried about easily are only as good as their batteries and, let’s face it, batteries aren’t very good, especially when compared with, say, petrol, which packs 100 times a battery’s energy into an equal space. That’s why a large group of mechanical engineers (centered at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, but with partners at other universities and companies) are hard at work in an effort to replace batteries with a tiny engine that runs on fuel. Imagine a battery-free life! When the fuel runs out in your laptop or mobile phone, you just fill up and go.

The engine—about the size of a ten-cent coin-starts with a combustion chamber燃烧室that burns hydrogen. Its tiny parts are etched onto silicon wafers硅片in the same manner that computer parts are imprinted onto integrated circuits集成电路. The first engine is made up of five wafers. And since these wafers could be produced in much the same way as computer chips, they could probably be produced quite cheaply.

But the devil in all this nice detail is efficiency效率. Tiny engine parts don’t always behave like their scaled-up parts of the first engine. Something between the parts can slow down the works, according to Columbia University professor Luc Frechette, one of the engine’s designers. Extreme heat from the combustion chamber is also a problem, often leaking to other parts of the engine.

The scientists’ goal is to create an engine that will operate at 10 percent efficiency—that is, 10 times better than batteries operate. Frechette says that a complete system, with all parts of place and working, will be set up in the next couple of years, but commercial models aren’t likely until at least the end of the next ten years.

44. According to the passage, the title suggests that        .

A. batteries should be greatly improved               B. petrol will be used instead of batteries

C. the time of batteries will be gone forever        D. pollution caused by batteries must be solved

45. What’s the meaning of the underlined word “devil” in paragraph 3?

A. problem               B. advantage                     C. invention                D. technique

46. What can we infer from the passage?

A. The new invention doesn’t need any fuel.

B. The new engine has been produced in quantity.

C. The new invention is much cheaper than the battery.

D. The new engine needs to be improved before it’s on sale.

47. What is the main purpose of this passage?

A. To introduce a new invention to readers.  B. To persuade readers not to use batteries.

C. To show us how the new invention works.      D. To declare when the engine will be on sale.

D

Tales From Animal Hospital

David Grant

David Grant has become a familiar face to millions of fans of Animal Hospital. Here Dr Grant tells us the very best of his personal stories about the animals he has treated, including familiar patients such as the dogs Snowy and Duchess, the delightful cat Marigold Serendipity Diamond. He also takes the reader behind the scenes at Harmsworth Memorial Animal Hospital as he describes his day, from ordinary medical check-ups to surgery(外科手术). Tales From Animal Hospital will delight all fans of the program and anyone who has a lively interest in their pet, whether it be cat, dog or snake I! $ 14.99 Hardback 272 pp Simon Schuster

ISBN 0751304417

Isaac Newton: The Last Sorcerer

Michael White

Form the author of Stephen Hawking: A Life in Science, comes this colorful description of the life of the world’s first modern scientist. Interesting yet based on fact, Michael White’s learned yet readable new book offers a true picture of Newton completely different from what people commonly know about him. Newton is shown as a gifted scientist with very human weaknesses who stood at the point in history where magic魔术ended and science began.

£8.99 Hardback 320 pp Fourth Estate

ISBN 1857024168

Fermat’s Last Theorem

Simon Singh

In 1963 a schoolboy called Andrew Wiles reading in his school library came across the world’s greatest mathematical problem: Fermat’s Last Theorem定理. First put forward by the French mathematician Pierre de Fermat in the seventeenth century, the theorem had baffled and beaten the finest mathematical minds, including a French woman scientist who made a major advance in working out the problem, and who had to dress like a man in order to be able to study at the Ecole Polytechnique. Through unbelievable determination Andrew Wiles finally worked out the problem in 1995. An unusual story of human effort over three centuries, Fermat’s Last Theorem will delight specialists and general readers alike.

£12.99 Hardback 384 pp Fourth Estate

ISBN 1857025210

48. What is Animal Hospital?

A. A news story.         B. A popular book.            C. A research report.   D. A TV program.

49. In Michael White’s book, Newton is described as        .

A. a person who did not look the same as in many pictures

B. a person who lived a colorful and meaningful life

C. a great but not perfect man

D. an old-time magician

50. Which of the following best explains the meaning of the word “baffle” as it is used in the text?

A. To encourage people to raise questions.           B. To cause difficulty in understanding.

C. to provide a person with an explanation.  D. To limit people’s imagination.

51. What is the purpose of writing these three texts?

A. To make the books easier to read                    B. To show the importance of science

C. To introduce new authors                         D. To sell the books.

E

Two hours from the tall buildings of Manhattan and Philadelphia live some of the world’s largest black bears. They are in northern Pennsylvania’s Pocono Mountains, a home they share with an abundance of other wildlife.

The streams, lakes ,mountain ridges and forests that make the Pocono’s an ideal place for black bears have also attracted more people to the region. Open spaces are threatened by plans for housing estates and important habitats are endangered by highway construction. To protect the Pocono’s natural beauty from irresponsible development, The Nature Conservancy大自然保护协会named the area one of American’s “Last Great Places.”

Operating out of a century-old schoolhouse in the village of Long Pond, Pennsylvanian, the Conservancy’s Bud Cook is working with local people and business leaders to balance economic growth with environmental protection. By building up partnerships with people like Francis Altemose, the Conservancy has been able to protect more than 14,000 acres of environmentally important land in the area.

Altemose’s family has farmed in the Pocono area for generations. Two years ago Francis worked with the Conservancy to include his farm in a county farmland protection program. As a result, his family’s land can be protected from the development and the Altemoses will be better able to provide a secure financial future for their 7-year-old grandson.

Cook contributes the Conservancy’s success in the Poconos to having a local presence and a commitment to working with local residents.

“The key to protecting these remarkable lands is connecting with the local community,” Cook said, “The people who live here respect the land. They value quiet forests, clear streams and abundant wildlife. They are eager to help with conservation efforts.”

For more information on how you can help The Nature Conservancy protect the Pocono and the world’s other “Last Great Places,” please call 1~888—564 6864, or visit us on the World Wide Web at www.tnc.org .

52. The purpose in naming the Pocanos as one of American’s “Last Great Places” is to        .

A. gain support from the local community.          B. protect it from irresponsible development

C. make it a better home for black bears             D. provide financial security for future generations

53. We learn from the passage that        .

A. the population in the Pocono area is growing

B. wildlife in the Pocono area is dying out rapidly

C. the security of the Pocono residents is being threatened

D. farmlands in the Poconos area are decreasing fast

54. What is important in protecting the Poconos according to Cook?

A. The setting up of an environmental protection website.

B. Support from the organizations like The Nature Conservancy.

C. Cooperation with the local residents and business leaders.

D. Inclusion of the farmlands in the regions’ protection program.

55. What does Bud Cook mean by “having a local presence” (Line1, para.5)

A. Financial contributions from local business leaders.

B. Consideration of the interest of the local residents.

C. The establishment of a wildlife protection foundation in the area.

D. The setting up of a local Nature Conservancy branch in the Pocono area.

四、根据句意和单词首字母或括号内汉语,写出单词的正确形式(10分)

56. What are the__________特征,特性of the medicine?

57. The scientists are doing s__________ research on the rats.

58. Examine the results carefully, and you will make a c__________.

59. He was __________ 被战胜at chess last night.

60. The babies are well a__________ to in the nursery.

61. It’s very dangerous to be e__________ to SARS patients without any protection.

62. The teacher gave me v__________ advice on how to learn English well.

63. Who is to b__________ for the accident?

64. I recognized her i__________ I saw her.

65. Everyone should c__________ what he or she can afford to helping the poor.

五、书面表达(15分)

目前一所知名高中决定在初中毕业生中降分招收音乐、体育特长生,这一做法在社会上引起了很大反响。请你根据以下所给观点,就其利弊给一家英文报纸写一篇英语短文,并提出自己的观点。

支持者观点:1. 特长生有机会上好高中。

2. 有助于学生全面发展。

反对者观点:1 实际操作中标准不易掌握。

2. 诚信和公正受到挑战。

注意:1. 词数100-120左右,信的开头已为你写好(不计入总词数)。

2. 可根据内容要点提示适当增加细节,使行文连贯。 

3. 不要逐字逐词翻译。

参考词汇标准 standard公正 justice诚信 honesty

Dear Editor,

It’s reported that a famous high school will admit some junior high school graduates who are specialized in music or PE.                                                                   

                                                                                       

                                                                                        

                                                                                       

 Yours sincerely,

 Li Hua