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2012上海英语高考真题

1 (共105分)

I. Listening Comprehension

Section A

Directions: In Section A, you will hear ten short conversations between two speakers. At the end of each conversation, a question will be asked about what was said. The conversations and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a conversation and the question about it, read the four possible answers on your paper, and decide which one is the best answer to the question you have heard.

1. A. At a library.           B. At a hotel.        C. At a bank.        D. At an airport.

2. A. Relaxed.              B. Annoyed.        C. Worried.           D. Satisfied

3. A. Doctor and patient.                            B. Shop owner and customer.

C. Secretary and boss.                               D. Receptionist and guest.

4. A. He would have thrown $300 around.        B. $300 is not enough for the concert.

C. Sandy shouldn't have given that much.   D. Dave must be mad with the money

5. A. She lives close to the man.               B. She changes her mind at last.

  C. She will turn to her manager.               D. She declines the man's offer.

6. A .2                     B.3                            C.4                              D. 5

7. A. Both of them drink too much coffee.

B. The woman doesn't like coffee at all.

C. They help each other stop drinking coffee.

D. The man is uninterested in the woman's story

8. A. He doesn't mind helping the woman.

B. He hesitates whether to help or not.

C. He'll help if the woman doesn't mind

D. He can't help move the cupboard.

9. A. He's planning to find a new job.

B. He prefers to keep his house in a mess.

C. He's too busy to clean his house

D. He has already cleaned his new house,

10. A. She doesn't agree with the man.

B. She is good at finding a place to stay.

C. She could hardly find the truth.

D. She had no travel experience in Britain.

Section B

Directions: In Section B, you will hear two short passages, and you will be asked three questions on each of the passages. The passages will be read twice, but the questions will be spoken only once. When you hear a question, read the four possible answers on your paper and decide which one would be the best answer to the question you have heard.

Questions 11 through 13 are based on the following passage

11. A. Use the company's equipment.                B. Give orders to robots

C. Make decisions for the company.            D. Act as Big Brother.

12. A. Employees gain full freedom.                B. Employees suspect one another.

   C. Employees' children are happy.        D. Employees enjoy working there.

13. A. Reward.         B. Safety.               C. Trust.                    D. Honesty

Questions 14 through 16 are based on the following passage

14. A. Canada had a smaller population.              B. Land was cheaper in Canada.

C. They wanted to continue the Revolution.        D. They were against Britain.

15. A. They standardized Canadian English.

B. They settled there after the Revolution.

C. They enjoy a very high social position.

D. They make up a small part of the population

16. A. It is considered unique to some extent.  B. It is greatly influenced by French.

   C. It is mainly linked to British culture.         D. It dates back to the late 17th century.

Section C

Directions: In Section C, you will hear two longer conversations. The conversations will be read twice. After you hear each conversation, you are required to fill in the numbered blanks with the information you have heard. Write your answers on your answer sheet.

Blanks 17 through 20 are based on the following conversation.

Complete the form. Write ONE WORD for each answer.

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Blanks 21 through 24 are based on the following conversation.

Complete the form.  Write NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS for each answer.

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II. Grammar and Vocabulary

Section A

Directions: Beneath each of the following sentences there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one answer that best completes the sentence.

25.          passion, people won't have the motivation or the joy necessary for creative thinking.
A. For                     B. Without            C. Beneath             D. By

26. Is honesty the best policy? We _       that it is when we are little.
A. will teach         B. teach             C. are taught        D. will be taught

27. As Jack left his membership card at home, he wasn't allowed         into the sports club.
A. going                 B. to go               C. go                   D. gone

28. The new law states that people ________ drive after drinking alcohol.
A. wouldn't           B. needn't                     C. won't              D. mustn't

29. Only with the greatest of luck        to escape from the rising flood waters.
A. managed she      B. she managed      C. did she manage          D. she did manage

30. — I hear that Jason is planning to buy a car.

— I know. By next month, he         enough for a used one.
A. will have saved    B. will be saving     C. has saved         D. saves

31. When he took his gloves off, I noticed that          one had his name written inside.
A. each               B. every              C. other            D. another

32. I have a tight budget for the trip, so I'm not going to fly         the airlines lower ticket prices.
A. once                  B. if                  C. after              D. unless

33. When Peter speaks in public, he always has trouble        the right things to say.
A. thinking of       B. to think of         C. thought of         D. think of

34. There is much truth in the idea         kindness is usually served by frankness.
A. why                 B. which              C. that                D. whether

35. Have you sent thank-you notes to the relatives from          you received gifts?

A. which               B. them             C. that                D. whom

36. The club,          25 years ago, is holding a party for past and present members.
A. founded           B. founding             C. being founded    D. to be founded

37. — Was it by cutting down staff          she saved the firm?

— No, it was by improving work efficiency.
A. when                B. what                   C. how                D. that

38. —We've only got this small bookcase. Will that do?

— No,         I am looking for is something much bigger and stronger.
A. who               B. that                 C. what             D. which

39. "Genius" is a complicated concept,         many different factors.
A. involved              B. involving              C. to involve           D. being involved

40. The map is one of the best tools a man has           he goes to a new place.
A. whenever             B. whatever          C. wherever          D. however

Section B

Directions:  Complete the following passage by using the words in the box. Each word can only be used once. Note that there is one word more than you need.

A. maintained        B. serious      C. indications       D. figures        E. anxious

F. concern           G crisis       H. decided          I. available        J. reversed

Filmgoers should be told how many calories there are in the popcorn, ice cream and soft drinks that they buy in cinemas, according to the Food Standard Agency.

Smaller popcorn buckets and drink cups should also be made  41  , the nutrition inspector said.

Tim Smith, chief executive of the agency, told The Times that cinemas should help to deal with the country's overweight  42  .

"There is a misbelief that popcorn is calorie-free, but that is not the case. It is a  43  to us," he said. "Portion sizes are also a big issue, and there seems to be increasingly big packs on sale."

He spoke as a number of food chains such as Pret A Manger, Wimpey and The Real Greek  44  to put calorie counts on all their menus.

A trial scheme(试行方案)with 21 food companies took place last summer, and   45  are that consumers altered their buying habits when they realised the number of calories in a product.

A consultation(征询意见) on the trial ends next month but Mr Smith is already planning the second drive for American-style calorie counts and is   46   to win support from cinemas and other entertainment places, from football grounds to concert halls.

Government   47  suggest that two thirds of adults and a third of children are overweight. If trends are not   48   , this could rise to almost nine in ten adults and two thirds of children by 2050, putting them at   49   risk of heart disease, cancer and other diseases.

III. Reading Comprehension

Section A

Directions: For each blank in the following passage there are four words or phrases marked A, B, C and D. Fill in each blank with the word or phrase that best fits the context.

People on a college campus were more likely to give money to the March of Dimes if they were asked for a donation by a disabled woman in a wheelchair than if asked by a nondisabled woman. In another   50   , subway riders in New York saw a man carrying a stick stumble(绊脚)and fall to the floor. Sometimes the victim had a large red birthmark on his  51  ; sometimes he did not. In this situation, the victim was more likely to  52  aid if his face was spotless than if he had an unattractive birthmark. In    53   these and other research findings, two themes are  54  : we are more willing to help people we like for some reason and people we think  55  assistance.

In some situations, those who are physically attractive are more likely to receive aid.  56   , in a field study researchers placed a completed application to graduate school in a telephone box at the airport. The application was ready to be  57  , but had apparently been "lost". The photo attached to the application was sometimes that of a very  58  person and sometimes that of a less attractive person. The measure of helping was whether the individual who found the envelope actually mailed it or not. Results showed that people were more likely to  59  the application if the person in the photo was physically attractive.

The degree of  60  between the potential helper and the person in need is also important. For example, people are more likely to help a stranger who is from the same country rather than a foreigner. In one study, shoppers on a busy street in Scotland were more likely to help a person wearing a(n)  61  T-shirt than a person wearing a T-shirt printed with offensive words.

Whether a person receives help depends in part on the "worth" of the case. For example, shoppers in a supermarket were more likely to give someone.  62  to buy milk rather than to buy cookies, probably because milk is thought more essential for  63  than cookies. Passengers on a New York subway were more likely to help a man who fell to the ground if he appeared to be  64  rather than drunk.

50.        A. study           B. way                C. word                 D. college

51.  A. hand           B. arm                  C. face                  D. back

52.        A. refuse         B. beg                 C. lose                  D. receive

53.        A. challenging          B. recording                   C. understanding      D. publishing

54.  A. important    B. possible                C. amusing           D. missing

55.        A. seek            B. deserve             C. obtain               D. accept

56.  A. At first         B. Above all              C. In addition           D. For example

57.        A. printed         B. mailed               C. rewritten            D. signed

58.  A. talented      B. good-looking               C. helpful                     D. hard-working

59.  A. send in              B. throw away                 C. fill out             D. turn down

60.        A. similarity      B. friendship           C. cooperation              D. contact

61.        A. expensive     B. plain                 C. cheap                      D. strange

62.        A. time            B. instructions           C. money              D. chances

63.  A. shoppers       B. research            C. children             D. health

64.        A. talkative       B. handsome           C. calm                       D. sick

Section B

Directions: Read the following three passages. Each passage is followed by several questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that fits best according to the information given in the passage you have just read.

(A)

Phil White has just returned from an 18,000-mile, around-the-world bicycle trip. White had two reasons for making this epic journey. First of all, he wanted to use the trip to raise money for charity, which he did. He raised ~70,000 for the British charity, Oxfam. White's second reason for making the trip was to break the world record and become the fastest person to cycle around the world. He is still waiting to find out if he has broken the record or not.

White set off from Trafalgar Square, in London, on 19th June 2004 and was back 299 days later. He spent more than l,300 hours in the saddle(车座)and destroyed four sets of tyres and three bike chains. He had the adventure of his life crossing Europe, the Middle East, India, Asia, Australia, New Zealand and the Americas. Amazingly, he did all of this with absolutely no support team. No jeep carrying food, water and medicine. No doctor. Nothing! Just a bike and a very, very long road.

The journey was lonely and desperate at times. He also had to fight his way across deserts, through jungles and over mountains. He cycled through heavy rains and temperatures of up to 45 degrees, all to help people in need. There were other dangers along the road. In Iran, he was chased by armed robbers and was lucky to escape with his life and the little money he had. The worst thing that happened to him was having to cycle into a headwind on a road that crosses the south of Australia. For 1,000 kilometres he battled against the wind that was constantly pushing him. This part of the trip was slow, hard work and depressing, but he made it in the end. Now Mr. White is back and intends to write a book about his adventures.

65. When Phil White returned from his trip, he______.
A. broke the world record                  B. collected money for Oxfam
C. destroyed several bikes                   D. travelled about 1,300 hours

66. What does the word "epic" in Paragraph l most probably mean______.
A. Very slow but exciting.                 B. Very long and difficult.
C. Very smooth but tiring.                 D. Very lonely and depressing.

67. During his journey around the world, Phil White _______.
A. fought heroically against robbers in Iran
B. experienced the extremes of heat and cold
C. managed to ride against the wind in Australia
D. had a team of people who travelled with him

68. Which of the following words can best describe Phil White? ______.
A. Imaginative.        B. Patriotic.               C. Modest.             D. Determined.

(B)

The value-packed, all-inclusive

sight-seeing package that

combines the best of Sydney's

harbour, city, bay and beach

highlights.

A SydneyPass gives you unlimited and flexible travel on the Explorer Buses: the 'red' Sydney Explorer shows you around our exciting city sights while the 'blue' Bondi Explorer visits Sydney Harbour bays and famous beaches. Take to the water on one of three magnificent daily harbour cruises(游船). You can also travel free on regular Sydney Buses, Sydney Ferries or CityRail services (limited area), so you can go to every corner of this beautiful city.

Imagine browsing at Darling Harbour, sampling the famous seafood at Watsons Bay or enjoying the city lights on an evening ferry cruise. The possibilities and plans are endless with a SydneyPass. Wherever you decide to go, remember that bookings are not required on any of our services so tickets are treated on a first in, first seated basis.

SydneyPasses are available for 3, 5 0r 7 days for use over a 7 calendar day period. With a 3 or 5 day pass you choose on which days out of the 7 you want to use it. All SydneyPasses include a free Airport Express inward trip before starting your 3, 5 or 7 days, and the return trip is valid (有效的) for 2 months from the first day your ticket was used.

SydneyPass Fares

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*A child is defined as anyone from the ages of 4 years to under 16 years. Children under 4 years travel free.

**A family is defined as 2 adults and any number of children from 4 to under 16 years of age from the same family.

69. A SydneyPass doesn’t offer unlimited rides on ______.
A. the Explorer Buses                      B. the harbour cruises
C. regular Sydney Buses                    D. CityRail services

70. With a SydneyPass, a traveller can________.
A. save fares from and to the airport         B. take the Sydney Explorer to beaches
C. enjoy the famous seafood for free          D. reserve seats easily in a restaurant

71. If 5-day tickets were to be recommended to a mother who travelled with her colleague and her children, aged 3, 6 and 10, what would the lowest cost be?
    A. $225.                B. $300.                   C. $360.              D. $420.

(C)

Researchers in the psychology department at the University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA) have discovered a major difference in the way men and women respond to stress. This difference may explain why men are more likely to suffer from stress-related disorders.

Until now, psychological research has maintained that both men and women have the same "fight-or-flight" reaction to stress. In other words, individuals either react with aggressive behavior, such as verbal or physical conflict ("fight"), or they react by withdrawing from the stressful situation ("flight"). However, the UCLA research team found that men and women have quite different biological and behavioral responses to stress. While men often react to stress in the fight-or-flight response, women often have another kind of reaction which could be called "tend and befriend." That is, they often react to stressful conditions by protecting and nurturing their young ("tend"), and by looking for social contact and support from others - especially other females ('befriend").

Scientists have long known that in the fight-or- flight reaction to stress, an important role is played by certain hormones(激素) released by the body. The UCLA research team suggests that the female tend-or-befriend response is also based on a hormone. This hormone, called oxytocin, has been studied in the context of childbirth, but now it is being studied for its role in the response of both men and women to stress. The principal investigator, Dr. Shelley E. Taylor, explained that "animals and people with high levels of oxytocin are calmer, more relaxed, more social, and less anxious." While men also secrete(分泌)oxytocin, its effects are reduced by male hormones.

 In terms of everyday behavior, the UCLA study found that women are far more likely than men to seek social contact when they are feeling stressed. They may phone relatives or friends, or ask directions if they are lost.

The study also showed how fathers and mothers responded differently when they came home to their family after a stressful day at work. The typical father wanted to be left alone to enjoy some peace and quiet. For a typical mother, coping with a bad day at work meant focusing her attention on her children and their needs.

The differences in responding to stress may explain the fact that women have lower frequency of stress-related disorders such as high blood pressure or aggressive behavior. The tend-and-befriend regulatory(调节的) system may protect women against stress, and this may explain why women on average live longer than men.

72. The UCLA study shows that in response to stress, men are more likely than women to _____ .
A. turn to friends for help                             B. solve a conflict calmly
C. find an escape from reality                       D. seek comfort from children

73. Which of the following is true about oxytocin according to the passage? _____ .
A. Men have the same level of oxytocin as women do.
B. Oxytocin used to be studied in both men and women.
C. Both animals and people have high levels of oxytocin.
D. Oxytocin has more of an effect on women than on men.

74. What can be learned from the passage? _____ .
A. Male hormones help build up the body's resistance to stress.
B. In a family a mother cares more about children than a father does.
C. Biological differences lead to different behavioral responses to stress.
D. The UCLA study was designed to confirm previous research findings.

75. Which of the following might be the best title of the passage? _____ .
A. How men and women get over stress
B. How men and women suffer from stress
C. How researchers overcome stress problems
D. How researchers handle stress-related disorders

Section C

Directions: Read the following text and choose the most suitable heading from A-F for each paragraph. There is one extra heading which you do not need.

A. When a child should learn to read

B. Why it is fun to teach a child reading

C. What if a child has reading problems

D. How you prepare a young child for reading

E. What is the best way to teach a child reading

F. Whether reading early promises later achievements

76.           

Learning to read early has become one of those indicators — in parents' minds at least – that their child is smart. In fact, reading early has very little to do with whether a child is successful academically. Research has shown that difficulty with reading is often due not to inferior intelligence but to differences in the developmental wiring of each individual child. In some cases, there are neurological problems and developmental lags that can be overcome with proper training.

77.          

Traditionally, American schools teach children at age six, but many schools begin teaching informally in kindergarten and pre-kindergarten. If parents start too early to encourage reading, and a child does not immediately succeed, the parent has a hard time relaxing and letting the child go at his or her own pace.

78.            

Over the years, research has proved that the use of both the “whole language" method and the "phonic" method works best for a child to master reading. While the whole language approach, which includes reading to children and getting them interested in both the activity of reading and the story they are reading, is helpful, phonics must be taught. Children must be taught that one of the squiggles they see is a "p" and another a "b". Getting the print off the page requires a different ability than being able to understand the meaning of what is written.

79.             

You can start developing the skills needed in reading at a very young age without putting any pressure on children. Besides reading to them, parents can start "ear training" their child by playing thyme games. This develops the child's ability to recognize different sounds. In reading to children, parents also can point to words as they go, teaching the child that the funny lines on the page are the words you are saying. All this should be a fun activity.

80.          

Once a child is in school, the learning of reading is inevitably more serious. For children who have some kind of reading difficulty, you must get a professional diagnosis. While the teacher might say the child is merely disinterested but will get over it, disinterest or poor performance in reading can stem from a number of things, some being very specific learning disabilities that can be identified and worked on. But it is very tricky for parents to deal with their own child's learning disabilities.

Section D

Directions: Read the passage carefully. Then answer the questions or complete the statements in the fewest possible words.

While contact between adolescents (between the ages of fifteen and nineteen) and their peers (同龄人) is a universal characteristic of all cultures, the nature and the degree of such contact vary a great deal. In American contemporary society, adolescents spend much more time with their peers than with younger children or adults.

 This pattern of age segregation(隔离) in American society did not become usual until the beginning of the industrialized society. Changes in the workplace separated children from adults, with adults working and children attending school. The dramatic increase of mothers in the workplace has further contributed to the reduction in the amount of time adolescents spend with adults. School reform efforts during the nineteenth century, which resulted in age-segregated schools and grades, have reduced the amount of time adolescents spend with younger children. Finally, the changes in population are considered a factor that may have contributed to the emergence of adolescent peer culture. From 1955 t0 1975, the adolescent population increased dramatically, from 11 percent t0 20.9 percent. This increase in the number of adolescents might be a contributing factor to the increase in adolescent peer culture in terms of growth in size.

Research supports the view that adolescents spend a great deal of time with their peers. Reed Larson and his colleagues examined adolescents' daily activities and found that they spend more time talking to their friends than engaging in any other activity. In a typical week, high school students will spend twice as much time with their peers as with adults. This gradual withdrawal from adults begins in early adolescence. In sixth grade, adults (excluding parents) account for only 25 percent of adolescent social networks. Another important characteristic of  adolescent peer culture is its increasingly autonomous (白治的) function. While childhood peer groups are conducted under the close supervision of parents, adolescent peer groups typically make an effort to escape adult supervision and usually succeed in doing so.

(Note: Answer the questions or complete the statements in NO MORE THAN EIGHT WORDS.)

81. "This pattern of age segregation" refers to the phenomenon that adolescents segregate themselves from         

82. Besides changes in the workplace,                  are the other two factors contributing to adolescent peer culture.

83. When do adolescents start to spend less time with adults?

                                                                                       

84. How do adolescent peer groups differ from childhood peer groups?

                                                                                        

II  (共45分)

I. Translation

Directions: Translate the following sentences into English, using the words given in the brackets.

1.她五年前开始拉小提琴。(play)

                                                                             

2.由于天气恶劣,航班延误了好几个小时。(owing)

                                                                            

3.每位设计师都希望自己的作品能经受时间的考验。(stand)

                                                                            

4.能否抵御网络游戏的诱惑是摆在中学生面前的一道难题。(It)

                                                                            

5.在展览会上,公司销售经理展示了孩子们翘首以盼的新型电子玩具。(demonstrate)

                                                                            

II. Guided Writing

Directions: Write an English composition in 120 - 150 words according to the instructions given

below in Chinese.

上周一,你在一所小学观摩了小女孩Amy所在班级的两堂绘画课(如图所示),回家后你用英语写了一篇日记,内容包括:

  对两堂绘画课的具体描述;

  你从中获得的启发。