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2013英语高考专项训练:词汇(一)

必修

Unit 1 friendship

一、请根据各句上下文的意义,选择正确的单词填入空白处。

第一组:crazy, loose, calm, entirely, reason, thunder, share, German, habit, teenager, upset, communicate, outdoors, situation, advice

1 A group of Frenchmen and _________ are visiting Window to the World.

2 Please wait in line. Everyone will get his ________.
       3 The doorknob (
门把手) has come _________. Who will fix it?

4 Don’t always stay indoors. You’d better go __________ for fun time.

5 I once studied some Japanese at college, but I’m afraid that I’ve __________ forgotten it now.

6 Don’t scold him. After all, he is only a __________.

7 __________ often follows lightning.

8 People say that __________ is second nature.

9 China is going through good economic __________ these years.

10 Since you have question, why not turn to him for some __________?

11 My child spends most of the time playing online games. It really _________ me.

12 ___________ well with others is considered a kind of ability.

13 Seeing mother smiling at me among the audience, I felt _________ on the stage.

14 No one knew the __________ why he was absent from class a second time.
       15 Seeing the famous film star appearing, all the fans became _________.

第二组:list, power, point, suffer, ignore, editor, cheat, questionnaire, trust, dare

16 Do you know when President George Bush came into _________ ?
17 I __________ from a bad cold the other day. It took me days to get rid of it.
18 Only a few years after graduation my sister became the chief _________ with China Daily.
19 Can you design a ____________ to find out what kinds of friends your classmates like to make?
20 He is your father. How __________ you say to him like that?
21 Little Peter always lies to others. His classmates won’t _________ him anymore.
22 Mrs. Wang wrote on the blackboard: No _________ in exams!
23 Mary got very unhappy, for other friends __________ her at the party.
24 I got 90 __________ in the final English exam.
25 Before going shopping you’d better make a _______of what you are going to buy.

二、把下列短语填入每个句子的空白处。(注意所填短语的形式变化)

add up (to)    be concerned about    go through    set down    a series of  on purpose    in order to  according to    get along with    fall in love (with)   join in    have got to   hide away    face to face

1 We’ve chatted online for some time but we have never met ___________.

2 It is nearly 11 o’clock yet he is not back. His mother ____________ him.

3 The Lius ___________ hard times before liberation.

4 ____________ get a good mark I worked very hard before the exam.

5 I think the window was broken ___________ by someone.

6 You should ___________ the language points on the blackboard. They are useful.

7 They met at Tom’s party and later on ____________ with each other.

8 You can find ____________ English reading materials in the school library.

9 I am easy to be with and _____________my classmates pretty well.

10 They __________ in a small village so that they might not be found.

11 Which of the following statements is not right ____________ the above passage?

12 It’s getting dark. I ___________ be off now.

13 More than 1,000 workers ___________ the general strike last week.

14 All her earnings _____________ about 3,000 yuan per month.

Unit 2 English around the world

三、请根据各句上下文的意义,选择正确的单词填入空白处。
      
第一组:direction, command, lightning, block, request, accent, retell, recognize, standard, northwestern

1 ___________ is a kind of natural phenomenon.

2 Please read the __________ on the bottle before taking the medicine.

3 May and I are classmates, but we live in different _________.

4 Mao Zedong spoke with a strong Hunan __________.

5 When we met many years later I could hardly __________ Lily at the airport.

6 Gansu is a __________ province of China.

7 If you want to learn Chinese, you may learn from her. She speaks very ________ Chinese.

8 Will you please __________ the story to the whole class?

9 Visitors are ___________ not to touch the exhibits.

10 He lived in America for five years and has a good __________ of English.

第二组:rule, rapidly, apartment, government, subway, identity, international, vocabulary, include, present, native, actually

11 The population of that country is increasing ___________.

12 Our __________ must do something to stop the rising house prices.

13 The police are trying to discover the __________ of the killer.

14 Usually you will read faster if you have a bigger English _________.

15 All those _________ at the meeting are high officials.

16 _________, English is not so hard to learn if you put your heart into it.

17 _________ speakers of English are in good demand in our school.

18 Only ten boys passed the exam, _________ Peter and you.

19 My father likes me to major in __________ trade when I go to university.

20 Underground and _________ mean the same in English.

21 Englishmen say flat, while Americans say ____________.

22 India was once __________by Britain and won its independence in 1947.

四、把下列短语填入每个句子的空白处。(注意所填短语的形式变化)

play a …role (in)   because of   come up 
such as   even if   play a …part (in)

1 Dujiangyan(都江堰) is still ___________in irrigation(灌溉) today.

2 That question ___________ at yesterday’s meeting.

3 Karl Marx could speak a few foreign languages, _________Russian and English.

4 You must ask for leave first __________ you have something very important.

5 The media _________ major ________ in influencing people’s opinions.

6 _________ years of hard work she looked like a woman in her fifties.

Unit 3 Travel journal

五、请根据各句上下文的意义,选择正确的单词填入空白处。

第一组:properly, cycle, transport, insist, record, stubborn, brave, fare, familiar, camp

1 I live near our school. Sometimes I _________ to school.

2 I ________ that the rude shop assistant should apologize to me.

3 My daughter is so ________ that she cannot easily change her mind.

4 You only have to pay 20 yuan; children travel at half _________.

5 I signed up for the 2007 English Summer _________.

6 The notice is written in German. Is anyone _________ with the German language?

7 The boy was ________ enough to keep chasing after the thief with a knife.

8 Liu Xiang broke the world _________ for the men’s 110-meter hurdle.

9 If you get to Beijing, there are two kinds of ________ for you to choose—by air or train.

10 When you write it is important to use words _________.

第二组:determine, topic, plain, persuade, attitude, journal, shorts, altitude

11 Fighting against terrorism (恐怖主义) has become an important ______ throughout the world these years.

12 Can you think of ways to _________ him to give up the plan?

13 When people are travelling they often write about their travels, which is called travel _______.

14 The Everest has an ________ of 8844.34 meters, according to the latest survey.

15 After putting on a T-shirt and ________, he went out to play tennis.

16 If you want to pass the exams, you’d better change your ________ towards them.

17 The soil of the Northeast _______ is fertile(肥沃的) and fine corn, sorghum, and rice grow there.

18 Upbringing(培养) plays an important part in _________ a person’s character.

六、把下列短语填入每个句子的空白处。(注意所填短语的形式变化)

change one’s mind   give in   dream about
for one thing…for another   be familiar to  be determined to do

1 Since I was a child I _________ taking a space trip.

2 He failed again. _________, he didn’t have enough time; _________, he couldn’t find people to help him.

3 I __________ go to a famous university in the future.

4 Finally the enemy had to ____________ to us.

5 This old song __________ those Chinese people who lived in the 60s.
       6 She ___________ at last and promised to go together with us the next day.
                                                                      Unit 4 Earthquakes

七、请根据各句上下文的意义,选择正确的单词填入空白处。
      
第一组:pond, fresh, brick, electricity, organize, injure, judge, shake, rise, speech, disaster, destroy

1 Let me write it down while it is still _________ in my mind.

2 Without __________ our life would be quite different today.

3 He got _________ in the right leg while playing football last week.

4 When an earthquake comes people can feel the house _________.

5 At Jerry’s party, Mr. Smith delivered an amusing _________.

6 If a nuclear war should break out, it would bring a great _________ to man.

7 Most of the buildings _________ in the earthquake.

8 From yesterday on the temperature began to _________.

9 Never _________ a person only by his clothes.

10 Our class went on an _________ trip last Monday.

11 Stones and _________ are used to build a house.

12 The water in the small _________ froze and kids skated on it.

第二组:ruin, smelly, steam, honour, rescue, bury, shelter, dam, canal, burst, shock, prepare, mine

13 The clothes of those who smoke a lot are often __________.

14 Li Siguang is __________ as the father of geology in China.

15 After getting hanged Saddam Hussin _________ in his home town.

16 Three Gorges ()_______on the Changjiang River is a great project in the world.

17 Reading the letter, she _________ out crying.

18 The students are busy __________ for the New Year’s Day Evening.

19 Hundreds of workers were killed in the coal _________ accidents last year.

20 He was greatly _________ at the news of his uncle’s death.

21 The Grand ________ was built during the Sui Dynasty(隋朝).  

22 It looks like rain. We’d better seek _________ from the rain.

23 Five soldiers were sent to _________ those skiers trapped in the snow.

24 _________ can be seen rising from the boiling kettle(水壶).

25 The bad weather _________ our trip.

八、把下列短语填入每个句子的空白处。(注意所填短语的形式变化)
                                                        right away    at an end    dig out 
                                                        a number of   thousands of   give out   

1 After a long walk we all __________.

2 __________ workers went on the strike(罢工), but I didn’t know the exact number.

3 Just wait for me on the spot; I will come ___________.

4 More than a dozen people ___________ of the avalanche(雪崩) alive.

5 When we arrived at the cinema, the film was nearly __________.

6 __________ people gathered on the square watching the fireworks.

Unit 5 Nelson Mandela- a modern hero

九、请根据各句上下文的意义,选择正确的单词填入空白处。

第一组:quality, cruelty, prison, blanket, vote, stage, degree, fight, reward, hero

1 The Society for the Prevention of _________ to Animals (SPCA 动物保护协会) is a well known organization in the world.

2 The girl wrapped herself with a _________ to keep herself warm.

3 The famous actress first appeared on the _________ only in her teens.

4 The two boys who were _________ in the playground were ordered to stop.

5 People regarded him as a ________, for he saved a drowning 8-year-old boy out of a freezing lake.

6 You really deserve a _________ for being so helpful.

7 My uncle received a doctor’s _________of medicine in America in 1998 and returned to China the following year.

8 He obtained 89% of the __________ and was elected president of the Party.

9 Nelson Mandela was put in ________ a few times.

10 People often value the _________ of a product rather than its packaging.

第二组:active, criminal, advise, guard, accept, position, educated, period, president, willing

11 The _________ was charged with robbing a bank and sentenced to death.

12 Two soldiers _________ the government office building all the time.

13 My father was promoted to a higher _________ for his achievements.

14 I stayed in Japan for only a short _________ of time.

15 Those boys are so helpful that they are always ________ to help others.

16 George Bush was elected _________ of the USA a second time in 2004.

17 All my family are well _________, of whom my brother studied in Harvard University.
       18 I am a Party member and never ________any bribe(
贿赂) from others.

19 The doctor _________ me to take more exercise so that I can keep fit.

20 Some students are very ________ in answering teachers’ questions while others just keep silent when asked any question.

第三组:principle, sincerely, league, terror, youth, violence, peaceful, continue, fear, republic

21 I _________ hope that you won’t let me down.

22 To his ________, he found a figure coming towards him in the darkness.

23 What really worries those parents is that there is too much sex and _______ on TV.

24 The rain ________ falling all afternoon. But it came to a stop by dark.

25 PRC is short for the People’s _________ of China.

26 His son has been missing for five days and now police are beginning to _______ the worst.

27 After retirement she moved to the country and lived a ________ life.

28 The _________ play an important role in building our country.

29 I have been a ________ member for 3 years.

30 Stick to your ________ and tell him that you won’t do it.

十、把下列短语填入每个句子的空白处。(注意所填短语的形式变化)
                                          lose heart   in trouble   worry about   out of work 

as a matter of fact    blow up    put…in prison 

come to power    set up   be sentenced to 

1 That building __________ yesterday and the police began to look into it.

2 Never _________; believe in yourself and keep up courage.

3 In America those who are __________ can live on relief(救济金).

4 He is very helpful; he always helps those _________ out of difficulty.

       5 He pretends to be making comment on the drawings, but ____________, he knows nothing about art.

       6 Due to lots of thefts he was __________.
       7 What I am _________ is whether I can find another job.
       8 That chemical works, which _________ only two years ago, has been closed down recently, because it has brought lots of pollution.
       9 Saddam Hussin _________ death in 2006.
       10 This party __________ at the last election.