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高一英语必修1第二单元练习题10

一、单项选择(10分)

1. She pretended to be calm but _______she was more than nervous at the time she was being questioned.

A. in actual              B. actually                C. as matter of fact     D. in a fact

2. When the expression first came into being, people refused to use it but _____ they began to accept it.

A. usually                B. gradually              C. frequently            D. quickly

3. When we visited Beijing again ten years later, we found it changed so much that we could hardly ________ it.

A. remember                  B. think about         C. believe                D. recognize

4.Mum, I’m going to visit my aunt. What about staying there for one week?

One week is too long. Try to be back in a ____ days.

A. number of             B. dozen of               C. couple of                      D. score of

5. How did all these _________?

A. came out          B. come up                    C. come across        D. come about

6. I wanted to send my ______present to my teacher, so I _____called on her.

A. especial ; especially                      B. special; especially 

C. special; specially                         D. especially; specially

7. The living conditions of some places in China are still not very satisfactory______, but things will surely be better.

A. from now on     B. since then          C. at present          D. so far

8. His hard work has _____ his success.

A. been due to                 B. resulted in             C. affected               D. resulted from

9. The leader of the factory told us that very little _______ was made of the waste material in the past.

A. cost               B. value                    C. use                       D. matter

10. After graduation from college, he began to wander from city to city, _____a suitable job.

A. hunting for             B. taking on                C. looking after           D. will survive

二、完形填空 20分)

The Voice of America began during the World War, when Germany was broadcasting a radio program to get international  11  .American officials believed they should  12  the German broadcast with words that they thought were the facts of world events. The first VOA news report began with words in  13   “The  14  may be good or bad, but we shall tell you the truth.” Within a week, other VOA  15  were broadcasting in Italian, French and English.

After the World War ended in 1945, some Americans felt VOA’s  16  had to be changed,  17  the Soviet Union(苏联)became enemy of America. They wanted to  18  Soviet listeners. Then VOA began broadcasting in Russian.

In the early days VOA began adding something new to its Broadcast that was  19  “Music USA”. Another new idea came along in 1959. VOA knew that many listeners did not know  20  English to completely understand its  21  English broadcast. So VOA  22  a simpler kind of English,  23  uses about 1,500 words and is spoken  24  . Of course, it is special English.

In the  25  of most VOA listeners, the most  26  program is the news report. News from around the world  27  into the VOA news room in Washington 24 hours a day. It comes from VOA reporters in  28  cities and also from other  29  like BBC. VOA writers and editors use these materials to  30  news reports, which are being broadcast in 43 languages.

11. A. business           B. culture                   C. support                  D. information

12. A. reply               B. answer                   C. join                        D. interrupt

13. A. time                 B. short                             C. English                   D. German

14. A. news               B. problems                      C. effects                   D. opinions

15. A. stations            B. news                             C. announcers            D. officials

16. A. home                      B. position                 C. purpose                 D. result

17. A. if                     B. supposing                     C. considering            D. in order that

18. A. reach                      B. satisfy                    C. attack                     D. support

19. A. known             B. reported                 C. called                     D. printed

20. A. American        B. British                    C. standard                 D. enough

21. A. normal             B. fast                        C. good                             D. exact

22. A. invited             B. discovered             C. taught                    D. stopped

23. A. it                             B. who                      C. which                    D. that

24. A. slowly             B. rapidly                   C. normally               D. loudly

25. A. please              B. course                    C. opinion                  D. advice

26. A. difficult           B. important                      C. various                  D. common

27. A. fly                   B. send                      C. deliver                   D. past

28. A. all                    B. major                     C. American                      D. news

29. A. broadcasts              B. forms                     C. newspaper             D. countries

30. A. broadcast        B. announce                      C. translate                 D. prepare

三、阅读理解(30分)

A

In order to know a foreign language thoroughly(完全地), four things are necessary. First, we must understand the language when we hear it spoken. Secondly, we must be able to speak it ourselves, correctly with confidence(自信) and without hesitation(犹豫). Thirdly, we must be able to write it. We must be able to make sentences that are correct in grammar.

There is no short way to succeed in language learning. A good memory(记忆) is a great help, but it is not enough only to memorize the rules from a grammar book. It is no much use learning by heart long lists(一览表) of words and their meanings, studying the dictionary and so on. We must learn by using the language. If we are pleased with a few rules we have memorized, we are not really learning the language. We must “Learn through use”. Practice is important. We must practise speaking and writing the language whenever(无论何时) we can.

31. The most important things to learn a foreign language are_______.

A. understanding and speaking

B. hearing, speaking, reading and writing

C. writing and understanding

D. memorizing and listening

32. Someone hears and writes English very well, but he speaks it very badly. This is because_______.

A. he doesn’t understand the language when he hears it spoken

B. he doesn’t have a good memory

C. he always remember lists of words and their meanings

D. he often hesitates to practise speaking it

33. One can never learn a foreign language well only by_______.

A. much practice                                          B. studying the dictionary

C. learning through use                                         D. using the language

34. Which of the following is the most important in learning a foreign language? _______.

A. A good memory.                                       B. Speaking.

C. Practice.                                                    D. Writing.

35. “Learn through use” means_______.

A. we use a language in order to learn it

B. we learn a foreign language in order to use it

C. we can learn a language well while we are using it

D. both B and C

B

Language learning begins with listening. Children are greatly different in the amount of listening they do before they start speaking, and later starters are often long listeners .Most children will “obey” spoken instructions some time before they can speak, though the word “obey” is hardly accurate as a description of the eager and delighted cooperation usually shown by the child .Before they can speak, many children will also ask questions by gesture and by making questioning noises.

Any attempt to study the development from the noises babies make to their first spoken words leads to considerable difficulties. It is agreed that they enjoy making noises, and that during the first few months one or two noises sort themselves as particularly expressive as delight, pain, friendliness, and so on. But since these can’t be said to show the baby’s intention to communicate, they can hardly be regarded as early forms of language. It is agreed, too, that from about three months they play with sounds for enjoyment, and that by six months they are able to add new words to their store. This self-imitation(模仿)leads on to deliberate(有意的)imitation of sounds made or words spoken to them by other people. The problem then arises as to the point at which one can say that these imitations can be considered as speech.

It is a problem we need to get our teeth into. The meaning of a word depends on what a particular person means by it in a particular situation and it is clear that what a child means by a word will change as he gains more experience of the world .Thus the use at seven months of “mama” as a greeting for his mother cannot be dismissed as a meaningless sound simply because he also uses it at other times for his father, his dog, or anything else he likes. Playful and meaningless imitation of what other people say continues after the child has begun to speak for himself, I doubt, however whether anything is gained when parents take advantage of this ability in an attempt to teach new sounds .

36. Before children start speaking________.

A. they need equal amount of listening         

B. they need different amounts of listening

C. they are all eager to cooperate with the adults by obeying spoken instructions

D. they can’t understand and obey the adult’s oral instructions

37. Children who start speaking late ________.

A. may have problems with their listening   

B. probably do not hear enough language spoken around them

C. usually pay close attention to what they hear 

D. often take a long time in learning to listen properly

38. A baby’s first noises are ________.

A. an expression of his moods and feelings     

B. an early form of language

C. a sign that he means to tell you something    

D. an imitation of the speech of adults

39. The problem of deciding at what point a baby’s imitations can be considered as speech______.

A. is important because words have different meanings for different people

B. is not especially important because the changeover takes place gradually

C. is one that should be properly understood because the meaning of words changes with age

D. is one that should be completely ignored(忽略)because children’s use of words is often meaningless

40. The speaker implies________.

A. parents can never hope to teach their children new sounds

B. children no longer imitate people after they begin to speak

C. children who are good at imitating learn new words more quickly

D. even after they have learnt to speak, children still enjoy imitating

C

So much to do, so little time. So much information, so little time to read it. In this age there is more information than ever before. There is not enough time to read everything we want to read. However, you can consume more information in shorter time through speed-reading. This article will not make you read. 3,000 words per minute, but it will show you how to increase your speed significantly. You will also learn the basic techniques of speed-reading, along with the dos and don’ts of speed-reading.

When you first learned to read, you would say the word out loud and sound it out. Then you might whisper the word because people can become annoyed when you read aloud. The stage you are now at is saying the word in your head. Most people tend to read this way. Saying the word in your head will cut your reading speed tremendously (极大地).

How do you calculate your reading speed? The speed is measured by how many words per minute you can read. Get some reading material, preferably a book. Find out how many words are on the page. Time yourself for one minute. Start your timer and start reading. When the timer beeps, stop. If you counted 500 words on the page and you read half of the page, and then you are probably reading at 250 words per minute.

The first thing about speed-reading is looking at the word and recognizing it. Don’t say the word in your mind, just look at it and recognize its importance. Later you will recognize clumps of four words or more to increase your speed. This is the first and most important step in speed-reading.

The next step is technique. As with any other skill, speed-reading requires technique. You should first be sitting up straight with your book flat on a horizontal (水平的) surface, such as a table or desk. Next, you should be able to see the entire page. This is necessary if you want to recognize clumps of words. Lastly, you should be focused. It’s hard to read with a lot of noise. Find a quiet place to read. This will help your understanding of the text.

You need something to guide your eyes while reading. That’s right, you should use your hand. Remember when you were little, you would read using your finger. That is a great technique, only now you’re using your hand to underline each line. Move your finger smoothly across the page. No need to go rush, start out slow. Keep your eyes focused on the words as you recognize them while using your hand as a guide. This will increase your speed.

The third step is practice. Practice makes perfect. Set time interval (间歇) .Read using different techniques, but make sure you understand what you’re reading.

41. Which of the following statements is true according to the text? _______.

A. Now there is limited information than ever before.

B. Now conditions ask people to use less time to know more information.

C. Now people can read what they like.

D. The less you read, the more time you will spend.

42. What is the subject discussed in the text? _______.

A. What speed-reading is.

B. Why we need speed-reading.

C. Now it is much information time.

D. People should practise speed-reading in different kinds of ways.

43. Which of the following shows the right way for the speed-reading from the text? ______.

a. Ask for some techniques.      

b. Look at many words and recognize them.

c. Practise more.

A. c, a, b                    B. c, b, a                   C. b, a, c                    D. a, c, b

44. The underlined sentence “you should be focused” in the fifth paragraph means that ______.

A. a person should devote his attention to it while reading

B. your feelings will be hurt while reading

C. a person should smooth away difficulties while he reads

D. you should pay attention to your faults while you are reading

45. To speed up your reading, you should ______.

A. sit up straight with your book flat and use something to guide your eyes

B. say every word out loud and sound it out

C. know it is necessary to read quickly

D. underline some important words while you say them  

D

A student is learning to speak British English. He wonders(想知道): Can I communicate(交际) with Americans? Can they understand me? Learners of English often ask: What are the differences between British and American English? How important are these differences?

Certainly, there are some differences between British and American English. There are a few differences in grammar. For example, speakers of British English say “in hospital” and “Have you a pen?” Americans say “in the hospital” and “Do you have a pen?”. Pronunciation is sometimes different. Americans usually sound theirs in words like “bird” and “hurt”. Speakers of British English do not sound theirs in these words. There are differences between British and American English in spelling and vocabulary. For example, “colour” and “honour” are British, “color”and”honor”are American.

These differences in grammar, pronunciation, spelling and vocabulary are not important, however. For the most part, British and American English are the same language.

46. According to this passage, a student who is learning to speak American English might be afraid that _______.

A. British people cannot understand him

B. American people cannot understand him

C. the grammar is too hard for him

D. the spelling is too hard for him

47. American English and British English are different in _______.

A. spelling                                                  B. pronunciation

C. grammar                                                    D. all of the above

48.What is NOT mentioned(提及) in the passage? _______.

A. Whether there are differences between British English and American English.

B. Whether British English and American English are one language or two.

C. How the differences between British English and American English  came about.

D. How important the differences are.

49. Most __________ say “Do you have a watch?”.

A. British people                                   B. Americans

C. children                                                     D. teachers

50. According to this passage, British people and Americans have___________ difficulty in understanding each other.

A. little  B. much C. some D. great

四、书面表达 (40)

第一节 根据所给单词的首字母, 完成下列句子(5分)

51. In American English, an e _______is a device that carries people up and down.

52. He failed in the English exam because of his poor English v________.

53. His mother tongue is German, but he speaks Italian like a         (本国人).

54. He speaks English with a strong German ______(口音).

55. An i______ card is a card with a person’s name, photograph, date of birth, and other information about them on it.

第二节 根据所给汉语,用题后括号中的英语提示完成句子(15分)

56. Visitors                           (要求游客别照相) in the museum.(request)

57. Women                     ( 起积极作用) in social life . (role)
       58. The reporter asked the writer who he                          (
以谁为原型的).( base)

59. The police arrived quickly and took                           (控制局势).( command)

60. At present, heavy snow                      (阻塞了所有的道路)into Scotland. (block)

61. He                    (直接去了)New York, without stopping in Hong Kong.( straight)

62. It’s raining harder                         (以前更大).(ever)

63.                       (由于你的关心), I find life is full of hope.( because)

64. He knows several languages,                    (例如英语),French and German.(such)

65. With so much work to do, you                    (你要上班)work on Saturday.(expect)

第三节 短文写作(20分)

给你的笔友Fred写信,告诉他你很高兴收到他912日的信,同时告诉他你现在英语学习中遇到的一些困难,例如遗忘所学过的单词和词组,对一些习惯用语和语法规则未能弄懂,在学习中常犯错误等。请教他帮助你提一些如何学习好英语的建议。你叫李英,在荆州市第一中学高一()班学习, 发信日期为2011914日。全文100~120词。