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高二英语必修5第四单元练习题1

一、单项选择

1. We are not prepared to compromise _______ safety standards.

A. with                 B. between            C. on                   D. in

2. Generally speaking, when _______ according to the directions, the medicine had no side effect.

A. taking             B. taken               C. to take               D. to be taken

3. The visiting cousins expressed their satisfaction with their tour, ______ that they had enjoyed their stay her.

A. having added            B. to add                C. adding              D. added

4. Would you classify it _______ a hard drug or a soft drug?

A. into                B. by                C. as                   D. apart

5. I am delighted to _______ your acquaintance, Mr. Baker.

A. make              B. put                 C. take               D. have

6. Our holidays were mined by the weather;        have stayed at home!

A. it may be as well                                  B. it was just as well we

C. we might just as well                                      D. we might do as well as we

7. — Alice is visiting her mother today.

  — In that case,        you have dinner with us tonight?

A. will                B. can              C. won't              D. can't

8. — Bob must be very wealthy.

  — Yes, he _______ more in one day than I do in a week.

A. cams              B. had earned        C. has been earned         D. has earnings

9. It displeases my parents when Richard and I stay out late at night. My parents don't approve _______.

A. of Richard and me staying out late at night   

B. of me and Richard staying out late at night

C. to Richard's and my staying out late at night  

D. when Richard and I stay out late at night

10. Be what you axe, give what you can, and the rest of the time________.

A. you can mind your own business              B. please mind your own business

C. you will mind your own business              D. mind your own business

11. — Shall we eat here?

  — No, I don't like to cat at this restaurant, for the waiter gave me _______.

A. a rare cooking steak                                B. a steak rarely cooked

C. a steak rarely cooking                             D. a rare-cooked steak

12. _______, where we can stay for a week.

A. Next is another hotel to it                B. Next to it another hotel is

C. Next to it is another hotel              D. it is next to another hotel is

13. That was not the first time he ______ us. I think it's high time we _______ strong actions against him.

A. betrayed (背叛), take                                  B. had betrayed, took  

C. has betrayed, took                                     D. has betrayed, take

14. Once ______, the clock will last a month and keep good time.

A. start               B. started           C. to start           D. starting

15. —Does Alan like hamburgers?

   —Yes, very much _____ that he eats that almost every day.

A. for                B. as                 C. to                 D. so

二、完型填空

阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从3655各题所给的四个选项(ABCD)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

What makes a child speak a language has long been a puzzle to linguists (语言学家).   16   speaking, there are two schools of linguists, both of   17   try to explain   18   a child picks up a language so easily. The fact that a child picks up a language   19   is surprising: at one year old, a child is able to         20   "bye-bye"; at two, he is able to use fifty words; by three he begins to   21   tenses. The famous American linguist Noam Chomsky   22   that human beings have a sort of built-in system for language use, and that the   23   is only secondary. Children are not taught language   24   they are taught arithmetic. Other linguists,   25   , hold the view that a child learns   26   of his language from the hints in the environment.   27   , theorists of both schools   28   that there is a biological basis for language and language use. The   29   is which is more important, the inner ability or the environment. This is certainly a field   30   to be explored. Researchers from both schools are busy finding evidence to    31   their own theory, but   32   side is persuading the other. It seems that in order to   33   why a child learns a language so easily, we have to   34   the joint efforts of both schools. Some linguists, like De Villiers, have recognized the value of cooperation, and   35   linguists of both sides to work together.

16. A. Surprisingly          B. Personally         C. Properly           D. Roughly

17. A. them         B. who             C. whom              D. which

18. A. that          B. when              C why                D. how

19. A. independently        B. naturally           C. without help       D. with ease

20. A. speak        B. say                C. wave            D. respond

21. A. master         B. study            C. have              D. get

22. A. doubts         B. believes           C. realizes            D. criticizes

23. A. help           B. teacher            C. environment             D. hint

24. A. as             B. for              C. when              D. though

25. A. in particular          B. as a result        C. however         D. therefore

26. A. a little          B. some            C. nothing            D. most

27. A. Before       B. From now on     C. Just now           D. By now

28. A. suspect       B. disagree           C. agree              D. realize

29. A. case            B. quarrel            C. problem                 D. question

30. A. waiting         B. planning           C. never              D. unlikely

31. A. provide              B. create            C. supply             D. support

32. A. not a         B. one               C. neither            D. either

33. A. find out      B. rule put'           C. search for          D. look for

34. A. get rid of     B. trust in           C. rely on             D. persist in

35. A. ordered              B. criticized          C. challenged               D. urged

三、阅读理解

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(ABCD)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

A

The human body has developed its millions of nerves to be highly aware of what goes on both inside and outside of it. This helps us to adjust to the outside world. Without our nerves and our brain, which is a system of nerves, we couldn't know what's happening. But we pay for our sensitivity. We can feel pain when the slightest thing is wrong with any part of our body. The history of torture (折磨) is based on the human body being open to pain.

But there is a way to handle pain. kook at the Indian fakir (苦行僧) who sits on a bed of nails. Fakirs can put a needle right through an arm, and feel no pain. This ability that some humans have developed to handle pain should give us ideas about how the mind can deal with pain.

The big thing in withstanding pain is our attitude towards it. If the dentist says, "This will hurt a little," it helps us to accept the pain. By staying relaxed, and by treating the pain as an interesting sensation, we can handle the pain without falling apart. After all, although pain is unpleasant sensation, it is still a sensation, and sensations are the stuff of life.

36. What does the writer mean by saying "we pay for our sensitivity'" in the first paragraph?_________.

A. We have to take care of our sense of' pain.  

B. We suffer from our sense of feeling.

C. We should try hard to resist pain.       

D. We are hurt when we feel pain.

37. When the author mentions' file Indian fakir, he shows that _______.

A. fakirs possess magic power    

B. Indians are not afraid of pain

C. people can learn to cope with pain

D. some people are born without a sense of pain

38. What is essential for people to stand pain according to the writer? _______.

A. Their relaxation.                                     B. Their interest.     

C. Their nerves.                                           D. Their attitude.

39. The author believes that _________.

A. feeling pain is part of our life             

B. pain should be avoided at all costs

C. feeling pain can be an interesting thing 

D. magic power is essential for reducing pain

B

The eight airlines of the One world alliance (联盟) have joined forces to give world travelers a simple way to plan and book a round-the-world journey. It's called the One world Explorer program.

One world Explorer is the perfect solution for a once-in-a-lifetime holiday or an extended business trip. It's a great way for you to explore the four corners of the earth in the safe hands of the eight One world airlines.

You can have hundreds of destinations to choose from, because the One world network covers the globe. And as you travel around the world, you'll have the support of 260,000 people from all our airlines, who are devoted to the success of), our journey, helping you make smooth transfers and offering support all along the way.

The One world goal is to make global travel easier and more rewarding for every one of our travelers. We try our best to make you feel at home, no matter how far from home your journey may take you.

We can offer travelers benefits on a scale beyond the reach of our individual networks. You'll find more people and more information to guide you at every stage of your trip, making transfers smoother and global travel less of a challenge.

40. The One world Explorer program is said to be most suitable for those who _____.

A. have been to the four comers of the earth   

B. travel around the world on business

C. want to explore the eight airlines           

D. need support all along the way

41. The advantage of the alliance lies in ________.

A. its detailed travel information              

B. its unique booking system

C. its longest business flights                  

D. its global service network

42. We can learn from the last paragraph that One world ________.

A. offers the lowest prices to its passengers

B. keeps passengers better informed of its operations

C. offers better services than any of its member airlines alone

D. is intended to make round-the-world trips more challenging

43. The propose of the advertisement is to________.

A. promote a special flight program             

B. recommend a long business trip

C. describe an alliance flight                 

D. introduce different airlines

C

I recently wrote an autobiography in which I recalled many old memories. One of them was from my school day’s, when our ninth grade teacher, Miss Raber, would pick out words from the Reader's Digest to test our vocabulary.

Today, more than 45 years later, I always check out "It pays to Enrich your Word Power" first when the Digest comes each month. I am impressed with that idea, word power. Reader's Digest knows the power that words have to move people — to entertain, inform, and inspire. The Digest editors know that the big word isn't always the best word. Take just one example, a Quotable Quote from the February 1985 issue: "Time is a playful thing. It slips quickly and drinks the day like a bowl of milk."

Seventeen words, only two of them more than one syllable, yet how much they convey! That's usually how it is with Reader's Digest. Small and simple can be profound.

As chairman of a foundation to restore the Statue of Liberty, I've been making a lot of speeches lately. I try to keep them fairly short. I use small but vivid words: words like "hope", "guts", "faith", "dreams". Those am words that move people and say' so much about the spirit of America.

Don't get me wrong. I'm not against using big words, when it is right to do so, but I have also learned that a small word can work a small miracle — if it's the right word, in the right place, at the right time. It's a "secret" that I hope I never forget.

44. The passage is mainly about _______.

A. one of the many old memories     

B. using simple words to express profound ideas

C. Reader's Digest and school speeches    

D. how to make effective speeches

45. It seems that Reader's Digest is a magazine popular with _________.

A. people of all ages                                   B. teenagers     

C. school teachers                                       D. elderly readers

46. The author's "secret" is _________.

A. to avoid using big words at any time  

B. to use words that have the power to move people

C. to work a miracle by using a small word   

D. to use small and simple words where possible

47. According to the author, well-chosen words can give people ________.

A. hope, courage, and ideas             

B. confidence, determination, and strength

C. pleasure, knowledge, and encouragement 

D. entertainment, information, and power

D

There are two kinds of memory: short-mm and long-term. Information in long-term memory can be remembered at a later time when it is needed. The information may be kept for days or weeks. However, information in short-term memory is kept for only a few seconds, usually by repeating the information over and over. The following experiment shows how short-term memory has been studied.

Henning studied how students who are learning English as a second language remember vocabulary. The subjects in his experiment were 75 college students. They represented all levels of ability in English: beginning, intermediate (中等), and native speaking students.

To begin, the subjects listened to a recording of a native speaker reading a paragraph in English. Following the recording, the subjects took a 15-question test to see which words they remembered. Each question had four choices. The subjects had to circle the word they had heard in the recording, Some of the questions had four choices that sound alike. For example, weather, whether, wither, and wetter are four words that sound alike. Some of the questions had four choices that have the same meaning. Method, way, manner, and system would be four words with the same meaning. Finally the subjects took a language proficiency test.

Henning found that students with a lower proficiency in English made more of their mistakes on words that sound alike; students with a higher proficiency made more of their mistakes on words that have the same meaning. Henning's results suggest that beginning students hold the sound of words in their short-term memory, and advanced students hold the meaning of words in their short-term memory.

48. Which of the following statements is TRUE according to the passage?_________.

A. Information in short-term memory is different from that in long-term memory.

B. Long-term memory can be achieved only by training.

C. It is easier to test short-term memory than long, term memory.

D. Henning gave a separate test on vocabulary to his students.

49. From Henning's result we can see that ________.

A. beginners have difficulty distinguishing the pronunciation of words

B. advanced students always remember words by their meaning

C. it is difficult to remember words that sound alike

D. it is difficult to remember words that have the same meaning

50. The word "subject" in the passage means _________.

A. memory                                 B. the theme of listening material

C. a branch of knowledge studied           D. the student experimented on

51. The passage centers on ________.

A. memory                                 B. two kinds of memory  

C. short-term memory                              D. an experiment on students

E

Successful innovations (改革) have driven many older technologies to extinction (灭绝) and have resulted in higher productivity, greater consumption of energy, increased demand of raw materials and the speed of flow of materials through the economy and increased quantities of metals and other substances in use for each person. The history of industrial development has a great number of examples.

In 1870, homes and mules were the prime source of power on U.S. farmers. One horse or mule was required to support four human beings, a ratio (比率) that remained almost constant for many decades. At that time, had a national commission been asked to forecast the population for 1970, its answer probably would have depended on whether its consultants were of an economic or technological mm of mind. Had they been "economists", they would probably have projected the 1970 home or mule population to be more than 50 million. Had they been "technologists", they would have recognized that the power of steam had already been harnessed (受……约束) to industry and to land and ocean transport. They would have recognized further that it would be the prime source of power on the farm. It would have been difficult for them to avoid the conclusion that the home and mule population would decline rapidly.

52. Which of the following is NOT mentioned by the author as a consequence of new technological developments? _________.

A. Older technologies die away.              

B. The quality of life is improved.

C. Overall productivity increase.              

D. More raw materials become necessary.

53. It can be inferred from the passage that by 1870 ________.

A. technology began to be more economical

B. the steam engine had not been invented

C. the U.S. horse population was about 10 million

D. a national commission on agriculture had been established

54. In the second paragraph, the author suggests that "economists" would ________.

A. plan the economy through yearly forecasts

B. fail to consider the influence of technological innovation

C. value the economic contribution of farm animals

D. consult the national commission on the economy

55. What is the author's attitude towards changes brought on by technological innovations? _________.

A. He is excited about them                  

B. He accepts them as natural

C. He is disturbed by them                   

D. He questions their usefulness

四、写作

第一节 短文改错

此题要求改正所给短文中的错误。对标有题号的每一行作出判断:如无错误,在该行右边横线上画一个勾();如有错误(每行只有一个错误),则按下列情况改正:

该行多一个词:把多余的词用斜线()划掉,在该行右边横线上写出该词,并也用斜线划掉。

该行缺一个词:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(),在该行右边横线上写出该加的词。

该行错一个词:在错的词下划一横线,在该行右边横线上写出改正后的词。

注意:原行没有错的不要改。

When we can see well, we do not think about our eyes very                             76.         

often. It is only when we cannot see perfectly we come to see                       77.         

that how important our eyes are. People who are nearsighted                  78.         

can only see things that are very close their eyes. Many people                     79.         

who do a lot of closely work, such as writing, reading and sewing            80.         

becomes nearsighted. Then they have to wear glasses in order to                      81.         

see distant things clearly. People who are far sight suffer from               82.         

just the same problem. They can see things that are far away,                83.         

but they have difficult reading a book unless they hold it at arm's                  84.         

length. If they want to do much read, they must get glasses, too.                    85.         

第二节 书面表达

在繁重的课业负担之下,中学生也应该学会适度地自我放松,请你围绕“Ways to get relaxed”这一话题,按照下列要点写一篇英语短文:

1、自我放松的途径:看电视、体育锻炼、上网等

2、我更喜欢的途径及理由:……

注意:

在表达我更喜欢的途径及理由,请从要点1中选择一项进行阐述。

词数:100—120,文章开头已给出(不计词数)。

There are various ways to get relaxed for middle school students._______________________________

________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________.