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北京市朝阳区高三英语14-15下学期期末综合测试题

(考试时间120分钟  满分150分)

第一部分:听力理解(共三节,30分)(略)

第二部分:知识运用(共两节,45分)

第一节 单项填空(共15小题;每小题1分,共15分)

从每题所给的ABCD四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

例:It’s so nice to hear from her again. _____, we last met more than thirty years ago.

AWhat’s more  BThat’s to say

CIn other words  DBelieve it or not

答案是D

21. Please give Jim the schedule for tomorrow’s conference when he _____ back. He is to chair the conference.

 A. will come             B. is coming                C. comes                     D. came

22. _____ the trip from Alaska to Argentina by bike, Gregg and Brooks worked and saved money for years.

 A. To pay for            B. Paying for              C. Paid for                  D. Pay

23. Mary clapped her hand over her mouth _____ she realized her words hurt little Tom.

 A. ever since             B. as if                        C. so that                    D. as soon as

24. —Can I fax this paper?

—Sorry, but our fax _____ at the moment, and it won’t be working until around 3 o’clock.

 A. is being repaired                                      B. is repairing  

C. is repaired                                                 D. repairs

25. —What do you think of the film Wolf Totem?

—Very good. The plot is _____ brings tears to my eyes.

A. how                       B. why                        C. what                       D. that

26. _____ all my money on the car, I can’t afford a holiday with my friend this summer.

A. Spending                B. Spend                     C. To spend                D. Having spent

27. You will recognize Jane when you see her at the airport. She _____ a large blue bag.

 A. carries                  B. is carrying              C. will be carrying      D. has carried

28. Frank, where have you been? We _____ you since 2 o’clock.

 A. have been waiting for                             B. are waiting for

 C. had waited for                                         D. waited for

29. An exercise method _____ to improve strength and balance is becoming popular in the United States.

 A. designing                                                 B. designed                

C. to be designed                                           D. being designed

30. The project aims to get kids to a stage called “deep reading”, _____ they can read to learn.

 A. which                   B. where                     C. that                         D. what

31. It was cold outside but the door wouldn’t stay shut, so I put a chair _____ it.

 A. against                  B. above                     C. behind                    D. near

32. Ella _____ at the car crash scene in New York last Sunday; she was travelling with me in Hawaii then.

 A. shouldn’t have appeared                         B. couldn’t have appeared

 C. wouldn’t have appeared                          D. might not have appeared

33. It was his nervousness in the interview _____ probably lost him the job.

 A. which                   B. since                       C. what                       D. that

34. Your answer is not acceptable, and _____.

 A. so am I                                                    B. so I am  

C. neither is mine                                          D. mine is neither

35. You could work out the problem easily now if you ______ absent from the physics class last Friday.

 A. weren’t                                                    B. hadn’t been

 C. haven’t been                                           D. wouldn’t have been

第二节 完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,共30分)

阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,从每题所给的ABCD四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

One Bite at a Time

Stephen was on campus(校园)to register when I first met him.

One summer day   36   I was headed over to the administration building, I heard someone call my name. I    37    around and saw Philip, one of my colleagues standing with another young man. As Philip introduced me to the young man, named Stephen, he reminded him that he would be taking one of my     38    , Introduction to Literature. With a somewhat    39   expression, Stephen asked if my class was going to be “hard”. Would he be able to pass? I  40    he was concerned about failing before the  41    day of classes. We talked about what the class would   42   and I saw Stephen’s eyes getting big with    43  .

Then I remembered a bit of classical dialog:

Question: “How do you eat an elephant?”

Answer: “One bite at a time.”

I told him to   44   his work that way. To do his assignment(作业), all of them, and to get them in on time. I added that most   45   students I knew made a timetable of all the assignment so they could    46   their workload.

As time went on, I learned more of Stephen’s story. He had  47    in middle school. It had taken him longer to finish than most young people. Family members, including his mother, kept reminding him that he was a  48   . Now, in the face of their negative-saying he had been admitted into college. He told me that before coming to our campus no one had believed he had much  49   .

Stephen didn’t become an “A” student. He didn’t make any honor rolls. Still, he managed to   50    most of his courses by being in class every day, turning in all of his assignment on time and breaking down his studying into   51  digestible parts. By passing course after course he began to gain a measure of self-respect. He was a great singer and he was   52   the school’s cross-country team.

Every time I saw him on campus, he would brighten up and say, “One bite at a time.” Whenever he introduced me to his friends, he would tell them that he was   53   when he was supposed to be failing. His    54  , he said, was that he was    55   what I taught him before classes ever started: “Take it one bite at a time.”

36. A. after B. When C. until D. once

37. A. turned B. sat  C. moved  D. went

38. A jobs                   B. tests                        C. classes                    D. projects

39. A. innocent           B. angry                      C. inspired                  D. pained

40. A. sensed              B. imagined                C. heard                      D. admitted

41. A. gathering         B. parting                   C. closing                    D. opening

42. A. change             B. adjust                     C. cover                     D. produce

43. A. interest            B. anger                     C. fear                        D. excitement

44. A. avoid               B. continue                C. fear                        D. excitement

45. A. quiet                B. optimistic               C. energetic               D. successful

46. A. plan                 B. increase                 C. reduce                   D. measure

47. A. fitted               B. hesitated               C. struggle                 D. progress

48. A. cheat              B. failure                 C. winner                  D. leader  

49. A. experience       B. information            C. potential                 D. honor  

50. A. pass                  B. begin                   C. take                      D. desihn 

51. A. full-sized          B. bite-sized                C. pocket-sized           D. medium-sized  

52. A. in                     B. on                           C. at                            D. of 

53. A. changing          B. recovering              C. concentrating          D. succeeding  

54. A. secret               B. skill                        C. reply                       D. theory 

55. A. spreading         B. considering             C. practicing               D. expressing  

第三部分:阅读理解(共两节,40分)

第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,共30分)

A

Applying to Stellinga College

Why Stellinga?

Thank you for your interest in Stellinga International College. As an international student, we are sure you will find our college an exciting place to study, with like-minded and ambitious people.

Preparing and submitting your application

We have tried to make the application process as easy as possible for you, but there are a number of procedures you must follow.

All our courses are taught in English, so first of all you will probably need to submit evidence of your English language ability. We require an IELTS score of 6.5. You will also have to send us your secondary school diploma, so that we can evaluated it.

We will also require a personal statement. This is a text of up to 1,000 words in which you introduce yourself, explain your interest in our college, and why you want to study your chosen course.

If you are from outside the European Union(EU), it is important that you have an entrance visa before you come to study in the Netherlands, but we will apply for this for you.

We now only accept online applications, so please ensure that you have all your documents ready to upload before you begin. Any documents that are not in English originally will also need to be translated and the translation also uploaded.

You will need a passport photograph; a copy of your passport; copies of all your certificates and diplomas; your proof of language ability; and your personal statement in English.

What happens next?

Your application will then be considered. If your initial application is successful, you will be invited for an interview. This will be conducted in English via skype, over the phone or on site. You will talk to two or three members of staff for up to 30 minutes. We aim to inform you of our decision in writing, within 4 weeks. There are several possible outcomes: you may not have been successful; you may be offered a place on the waiting list. You will need to reply to any offers within two weeks, otherwise your place may be offered to somebody else.

Good luck with your application.

56. Which is unnecessary for people inside the EU when submitting applications?

A. A personal statement.                                B. An entrance visa.

C. Evidence of English ability.                      D. A secondary school diploma

57. If your first application is accepted, what is the next process?

A. You will have an interview in English.

B. You will get the reply over the phone.

C. You should make a decision within 4 weeks.

D. You should reply to the offer the moment you get it.

58. Where can we find the passage?

A. In an educational magazine.

B. On a notice board.

C. In an English teaching book.

D. On a university’s website.

B

Wild

I was 16 when my father finally decided he would send me to wilderness camp for several months. He had threatened to do it many times before, but my mother had always managed to prevent him from doing so. This time he insisted on doing it.

The latest incident was the last straw. Impulsively(冲动地), I hade pushed Mr. Ford, my math teacher, down a flight of steps at school. He broke his arm in two places. Anyway, he had agreed not to accuse me as a favour to my dad, who was in the middle of a tight race for sheriff(执法官) in our town. But my reckless behaviour had my dad’s closest advisor talking.

“John, he’s your son and he’s a kid, but he is dragging you down,” I heard Jake Hutch tell my dad through his closed office door the night after I pushed Mr. Ford. “If you can’t make your son obey the rules, how can you make the law obeyed in this town?”

So, off to Pisgah National Forest I went. I imagined hours of untold abuse at the hands of some strong sergeants(警官). I was determined no to be broken. I was who I was.

Nearly every day for six months, a small group of other troubled teens and I carried our 30-pound backpacks on a difficult journey covering about 10 miles. We hiked in a rough wilderness that seemed untouched by civilization.

Our sergeants were firm but kind, not frightening as I had imagined. We learned how to make a fire without matches and create a shelter with branches and grass. We learned which plants were safe to eat out in the wild. I felt myself change. I was calm and often reflective. My old, impulsive self was gone.

One morning, six months later, my dad came to pick me up. I ran to hug him and saw relief and love in his eyes.

“So what’s it like being sheriff?” I asked on the ride home.

“I lost the race, Danny,” he said.

“I’m sorry, Dad.” I knew my behaviour probably had a lot to do with hid defeat.

Dad squeezed my shoulder and brought me close. “As long as I don’t ever lose you, I’m okay.”

59. The author was finally sent to wilderness because _____.

 A. he could learn how to survive in the wild

 B. his teacher insisted on giving him a lesson

 C. he pushed his math teacher down the stairs

 D. his mother feared that he would be accused

60. The underlined word “reckless” in Paragraph 2 probably means ______.

 A. selfish                  B. careless                  C. rude                        D. reasonable

61. What can we learn about the author from the passage?

 A. He changed a lot after the camp.

 B. He was not satisfied with his life in the camp.

 C. He was still what he used to be after the camp.

 D. He made enemies with other troubled teen at the camp.

62. How did the author’s father feel at the end of the story?

 A. Grateful.              B. Annoyed.               C. Disappointed          D. Relieved

C

 It is bad to have food stuck between your teeth for long periods of time. This is because food attracts germs(细菌), germs produce acid, and acid hurts your teeth and gums. Flossing(使用牙线) helps to remove the food that gets stuck between your teeth. This explains why flossing helps to keep your mouth healthy, but some doctors say that flossing can be also good for your heart.

 It may seem strange that something your do for your teeth can have any effect on your heart. Doctors have come up with a few ideas about how flossing works to keep your heart healthy. One idea is that the germs that hurt your teeth can leave the mouth and travel into your blood. Germs that get into the blood can then attack your heart. Another idea is based on the fact that when there are too many germs in your mouth, the body tries to fight against these germs. For some reason, the way the body fight these mouth germs may end up weakening the heart over time.

 Not every doctor agrees about these ideas. Some doctors think that the link between good flossing habits and good heart health is only a coincidence. The incidence(发生率) of two or more events is completely random, as they do not admit of any reliable cause and effect relationship between them. For example, every time I wash my car, it rains. This does not mean that when I wash my car, I somehow change the weather. This is only a coincidence. Similarly, some doctors think that people who have bad flossing habits just happen to also have heart problems, and people who have good flossing habits just happen to have healthy hearts.

 The theory that flossing your teeth helps to keep your heart healthy might not be true. But every doctor agrees that flossing is a great way to keep your teeth healthy. So even if flossing does not help your heart, it is sure to help your teeth. This is enough of a reason for everyone to floss their teeth every day.

63. From the passage, we know that_____

A. food stuck between your teeth may hurt your teeth

B. all of the doctors agree that flossing is good for your heart

C. doctors’ judgment about flossing is based on medical research

D. not every doctor thinks flossing helps to keep your teeth healthy

64. The underlined sentence in Paragraph 3 is to____.

A. Provide an example

B. Make a comparison

C. Introduce a new topic

D. Develop a previous statement

65. Which of the following best states the main idea of the last paragraph?_______.

A. It is a fact that flossing can help your heart as well as your teeth.

B. There is no good reason to believe that flossing will help your heart.

C. Because doctors find flossing won’t help your heart, it is useless to floss.

D. Even if flossing is only good for your teeth, you should still do it every day.

66. Which is the best title for the passage?

A. Flossing by Coincidence

B. How to Keep Your Teeth Healthy

C. Flossing Habits and Healthy Hearts

D. Why Doctors Disagree about Flossing

D

Never Talk to Strangers?

“Never talk to strangers.” Many children are taught this simple rule as a precaution against abduction(诱拐). In June, 2005, an 11-year-old boy was lost in the Utah wilderness for four days. During that time, he stayed on the path. He saw people searching for him but deliberately hid from them, afraid someone might “steal” him. Eventually, the unfortunate game of hide-and-seek ended and he was found. According to the Canada Safety Council, this alarming incident shows how unwise it is to instill(灌输) a fear of strangers in children. The “stranger danger” message can prevent children from developing the social skills and judgment needed to deal effectively with real-life situations. In a difficult situation, a stranger could be their lifeline to safety.

To have a child go missing is a parent’s worst nightmare. The threat of abduction by a stranger is minimal when compared with other possible reasons for a disappearance. In 2004, there were 67,266 missing-children cases in Canada. Only 31 involved abduction; in most of those cases the abductor was a relative, friend, or person known to the family. There were 671 cases of children wandering off, and 332 cases of abductions by a parent. Almost 80 percent of all cases were runaways. These statistics cast doubt on the idea that children should never talk to strangers. Wandering off is more common—but a lost children may have to call upon a stranger for help, and must develop the ability to judge what kind of people to approach. The “never talk to strangers” rule does not protect children in the situations they are most likely to face. On top of this, it can be confusing. Adults do not model the behaviour; they often talk to strangers. A child may not know how to tell who is a stranger, and who is not.

For young children, nothing replaces close supervision(监管). Pre-schoolers do not understand risk and tend to act without thinking. Children need to develop habits and attitudes that will protect them from the real threats and dangers they may face. The Canada Safety Council encourages parents to give their children age-appropriate positive messages about safety, bearing in mind how youngsters may understand their world.

67. Which of the following statements is NOT true about the 11-year-old boy?

 A. He practiced the “never talk to strangers” rule.

 B. He hid from the rescuers to avoid possible abduction.

 C. He eventually showed up when his hide-and-seek game ended.

 D. He stayed where he was, expecting the coming of familiar people.

68. Among the possible reasons for the missing-children cases in Canada, which one is the most frequent?

 A. Being abducted by a parent.                    B. Wandering off.

 C. Being abducted by strangers.                   D. Running away.

69. The “never talk to strangers” rule is confusing to children because ___.

 A. a friendly and attractive person may be dangerous

 B. adults do not act upon the rule and strangers are hard to tell

 C. the rule does not protect children in the situation of abducting

 D. a lost child may have difficulty in communicating with a stranger

70. Which would the author agree with about the “never talk to strangers” rule?

 A. It is not well recognized by parents.

 B. It is not effective in keeping kids safe.

 C. It is easy enough for children to follow.

 D. It is practical as a safety tip in daily life.

第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,共10分)

根据短文内容,从短文后的七个选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。

Personalized Exercise

As the start of every year, many of us promise ourselves that a certain number of times a week we will go to the gym or attend an exercise class. But finally many of us just struggle to fit exercise into our lives, or start off well and then give up. Why do we have a good plan at the beginning and fail to achieve it in the end? How can we deal with the problem? 71

It is important to determine your motivation first. Are you mainly interested in de-stressing or in getting fitter? If your goal is relaxation, then ask yourself if you want to do it energetically. 72    If you have a calmer style, you can do something quite different. You could choose solitary exercise, such as walking the dog or doing some gardening.  73    There are quite a lot of them, such as walking and running groups, dance classes, etc. On your own, you could go horse riding or swimming, or just download fitness exercise programs and do it at home.

74    If you have free time at the weekend, you could book some time with a personal trainer, who can come to your house, or you could meet him at the gym. If your life is not as regular, you could choose the next couple of minutes you have to try an exercise DVD, or put your running shoes on and run for any length of time.

As you see, everything counts when you are doing exercise. Whatever your lifestyle is, you will be able to have something that suits you. 75    Just sit down with a cup of tea, read this article again, and have a think about your options. Then finish the tea, get up, get going, and don’t stop.

A. Good exercise is necessary for physical health.

B. The key could be to find the right type of exercise.

C. If it is fitness you are after, group activities will be suitable.

D. You’d better create a personalized plan to get you into shape.

E. In this case, a type of exercise based on boxing may be right for you.

F. In other words, you can always find personalized exercise by yourself.

G. For people who are extremely busy, it is easier to fit exercise into daily lives.

第四部分:书面表达(共两节,35分)

第一节(15分)

你校将组织外国留学生去北京欢乐谷(Beijing Happy Valley)游玩,请你根据下面提供的信息,口头通知活动安排和注意事项。

1. 集合时间和地点:周六早上8:00;学校门口;

2. 交通工具:校车;

3. 提示:自带水和食物;最好穿运动鞋和休闲服。

 注意:

 1. 词数不少于50

2. 可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。

3. 开头和结尾已给出,不计入总词数

 

Hello, everybody! May I have your attention, please?

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________________

   That’s all! Thank you!

第二节(20分)

假设你是红星中学高三(1)班的学生李华,请根据以下四幅图的先后顺序,为校刊“英语园地”写一篇短文,记述你和朋友上周日去北京奥林匹克森林公园(Beijing Olympic Forest Park)游玩时发生的一件事。词数不少于60