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浙江省绍兴市第一中学高二英语14-15下学期期末测试题

选择题部分(共75分)

第一部分 听力(共三节,满分15分)(略)

第二部分 英语知识运用  英语知识运用(共两节,满分30分)

第一节  单项填空(共20题;每小题0.5分,满分10分)

ABCD四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题纸上将该选项符号涂黑。

16. When ______Olympic Games are held, any country can take _____ part if their athletes are good enough.

A. /; a                         B. an; the                    C. the; a                      D. the; /

17. After graduation, he became a doctor,     his father had expected.

A. that was what                                            B. which was what   

C. who was what                                          D.  which was

18. If you have ______, you are able to stay calm and not get annoyed.

A. appearance            B. patience                  C. strength                  D. character

19. At the beginning of the class, the teacher said to us,” Open your books and ______page 64, please.”

A. turn down    B. turn on                          C. turn to      D. turn up

20. I know I am not a perfect person. I ______ my own shortcomings and I will try to overcome them.

A. learn                      B. develop     C. determine     D. recognize

21. Do you remember the afternoon _____we first met three years ago?

A. that                        B. when                      C. which                     D. what

22. It was a(n) _______ mistake for him to have gone alone on such a stormy night.

A. obvious                  B. curious                   C. religious                 D. jealous

23. We heard their ideas or views about what needs to be emphasized, and what we need to ______ importance to in trying to deal with the current situation.

A. attach                     B. pay                         C. give                        D. affect

24. He seems not to have grasped what I meant ______  greatly upsets me.

A. that                        B. what                       C. as                           D. which

25. All his time __________experiments, he has no time for films.

A. is devoted to do                                        B. devoted to do  

C. is devoted to doing                                    D. devoted to doing

26.---He tried to explain it to me but I just couldn’t understand. Do you?

---___________.

A. Not likely                                                  B. Not certainly  

C. Not really                                                  D. Not cleverly

27. Although I soon ______ him of my innocence, I think he still has serious doubts. 

A. convinced              B. suggested                C. promised                D. believed

28. In the Futuroscope theme park, the 3-D cinemas and giant movie screens provide brand new experiences of the earth and ______.

A. against                   B. farther                    C. beyond                   D. above

29.______ that many tourists have e to visit the city in recent years.

A. So beautiful is Shaoxing                           B. Beautiful as Shaoxing is

C. Such beautiful Shaoxing is                        D. So beautiful Shaoxing is

30. The disease killed 966 people in the country last year, according to an official report _____ by the Ministry of Health yesterday.

A. to be released                                            B. being released   

C. have been released D. released

31. The couple didn’t leave the station until they _______ of the train, which their son took to the faraway city.

A. caught sight            B. lacked view            C. lost sight                 D. found view

32. You know, there are some students, some of whom are boys of science, _____English with much trouble.

A. having learned                                          B. learning

C. being learning                                           D. are learning

33. If you ______ to do something, you try to do it, often without success.

A. make an attempt    B. make an apology  

C. make a decision     D. make a promise

34. ---Is there anything special you'd like for dinner?  

---No, nothing ______.

A. very much             B. in particular            C. in practice             D. serious

35. ---Have you ever smoked?  ---Yes, but it’s three months since I ____.

A. smoked                  B. have smoked          C. didn’t smoke          D. haven’t smoked

第二节:完形填空(共20小题;每小题1分,满分20分)

阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后21~40各题所给的四个选项(ABCD)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题纸上将选项标号涂黑。

I spend half of my life with my mother and the other half with my father. My father lives with a twenty-pound cat named Tofu. He  36  me his favorite daughter. I am his only child.

My father’s apartment is quite different from any other person’s living space. Except for my room, there is no  37  .He doesn’t like sofas or any comfortable chairs,  38   he has only a drawing table, a desk and his bed.

From my father’s studio window, you can see a large   39   of San Fransisco. I like to watch the   40   change in the bay when the sun is setting. He spends a lot of time   41   on the studio floor. That’s   42   he thinks, he says. He has a big kitchen, and   43   the refrigerator is an old clock he winds every week for good luck. The last time the clock stopped, my father’s car was towed(被拖走) and   44   other terrible things happened, so he has become very superstitious. When he goes out of town, he   45  someone to feed Tofu and wind the clock so it won’t stop.

The one thing he has plenty of is house rules. You have to   46   your shoes when you come in. He won’t allow anyone who wears a baseball cap into his house. Every time I go to stay at his house, he makes up   47   rule.” House rule number 579, no television grograms with laugh tracks!” he will say. But then he can   48   remember the numbers, so they change constantly.

The rule that he always enforces is the one that   49  me to write a two-page essay (  5 0 ) I want something. He didn’t speak English until he was sixteen, and he had a hard time learning to write it, so he wants me to become a good   51   at an early age. This ritual started when I asked him if I could have my ears pierced(穿孔) when I was nine. He said I couldn’t do it until I was thirty-five. But I kept  52   him, and he finally said that if I wrote an essay and I could   53   him in writing why I wanted holes  54   my earsmaybe he would say okay. I wrote my first essay for my father, and after one month of writing and rewriting, he finally gave me his  55 

36. A. named              B. let                           C. hoped                     D. called

37. bookshelf             B. furniture                 C. TV sets                   D. room

38. A. but                   B. then                        C. so                           D. for

39. A. part                  B. view                       C. beauty                    D. kind

40. A. boats                B. colors                     C. buildings                D. fishes

41. A. lying                 B. sleeping                  C. waking                   D. reading

42. A. when                B. how                        C. why                        D. what

43. A. over                 B. under                      C. on top of                D. at the bottom of

44. A. no                    B. a lot                        C. some                      D. every

45. A. hires                 B. lets                         C. hopes                     D. allowed

46. A. put up              B. take down              C. put on                     D. take off

47. A. the same           B. a new                     C. a modern                D. a bad

48. A. never                B. always                    C. almost                    D. still

49. A. requests            B. requires                  C. reminds                  D. encourages

50. A. anytime            B. next time                C. some time               D. the first time

51. A. speaker            B. girl                          C. learner                    D. writer

52. A. telling               B. asking                     C. calling                    D. making

53. A. explain             B. suggest                   C. persuade                 D. believe

54. A. in                     B. on                           C. by                           D. up

55.A. permission                                           B. Judgement             

C. encouragement                                          D. action

第三部分:阅读理解(第一节10小题,第二节5小题;每小题2分,共30分)

第一节:阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(ABCD)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题纸上将该选项标号涂黑。

A

The case for college has been accepted without question for more than a generation. All high school graduates ought to go, says conventional wisdom and statistical evidence, because college will help them earn more money, become "better" people, and learn to be more responsible citizens than those who don't go.
   But college has never been able to work its magic for everyone. And now that close to half our high school graduates are attending, those who don't fit the pattern are being more numerous, and more obvious. College graduates are selling shoes and driving taxis; college students interfere with each other's experiments and write false letters of recommendation in the intense competition for admission to graduate school. Others find no stimulation
(激发,刺激)in their studies, and drop out—often encouraged by college administrators.
   Some observers say the fault is with the young people themselves—they are spoiled and they are expecting too much.  Others blame the state of the world, and they are partly right. We have been told that young people have to go to college because our economy can’t absorb an army of untrained eighteen-year-olds. But disappointed graduates are learning that it can no longer absorb an army of trained twenty-two-year-olds, either.
   Some adventuresome educators and watchers have openly begun to suggest that college may not be the best, the proper, the only place for every young person after the completion of high school. We may have been looking at all those surveys and statistics upside down, it seems, and through the rosy glow
美丽光芒 of our own remembered college experiences. Perhaps college doesn't make people intelligent, ambitious, happy, liberal, or quick to learn things—maybe it is just the other way around, and intelligent, ambitious, happy, liberal, quick-learning people are merely the ones who have been attracted to college in the first place. And perhaps all those successful college graduates would have been successful whether they had gone to college or not. This is hard to believe for those of us who have been brought up to believe that if a little schooling is good, more has to be much better. But contrary evidence is beginning to mount up.
56. According to the author, ___.
A. people used to question the value of college education.
B. people used to have full confidence in higher education.

C. all high school graduates went to college.
D. very few high school graduates chose to go to college.
57. According to the passage, the problems of college education partly result from the fact that________.
A. society cannot provide enough jobs for properly trained graduates.
B. High school graduates do not fit the pattern of college education.
C. Too many students have to earn their own living.
D. College administrators encourage students to drop out.
58. In this passage the author argues that___.
A. Intelligent people may learn quicker if they don't go to college.

B. College education is not enough if one wants to be successful.
C. College education benefits only the intelligent, ambitious, and quick-learning people.
D. more and more evidence shows college education may not be the best thing for high school graduates

B

Which is safer---staying at home, traveling to work on public transport, or working in the office? Surprisingly, each of these carries the same risk, which is very low. However, what about flying pared to working in the chemical industry? Unfortunately, the former is 65 times riskier than the latter! In fact, the accident rate of workers in the chemical industry is less than that of almost any of human activity, and almost as safe as staying at home.
   The trouble with the chemical industry is that when things go wrong they often cause death to those living nearby. It is this that makes chemical accidents so newsworthy. Fortunately, they are extremely rare. The most famous ones happened at Texas City (1947), Flixborough (1974), Seveso (1976), Pemex (1984) and Bhopal (1984).
   Some of these are always in the minds of the people even though the loss of life was small. No one died at Seveso, and only 28 workers at Flixborough.T he worst accident of all was Bhopal, where up to 3,000 were killed. The Texas City explosion of fertilizer killed 552.The Pemex fire at a storage
(储藏) plant for natural gas in the suburbs of Mexico City took 542 lives, just a month before the unfortunate event at Bhopal.
  Some experts have discussed these accidents and used each accident to illustrate a particular danger. Thus the Texas City explosion was caused by tons of ammonium nitrate
(硝酸铵),which is safe unless stored in great quantity. The Flixborough fireball was the fault of management, which took risks to keep production going during essential repairs. The Seveso accident shows what happens if the local authorities lack knowledge of the danger on their doorstep. When the poisonous gas drifted over the town, local leaders were incapable of taking effective action. The Pemex fire was made worse by an overloaded site in an overcrowded suburb. The fire set off a chain reactions exploding storage tanks. Yet, by a miracle, the two largest tanks did not explode. Had these caught fire, then 3,000 strong rescue team and fire fighters would all have died.
59. Which of the following statements is true?
A. Working at the office is safer than staying at home.
B. Traverlling to work on public transport is safer than working at the office.
C. Staying at home is safer than working in the chemical industry.
D. Working in the chemical industry is safer than traveling by air.
60. Chemical accidents are usually important enough to be reported as news because ____.
A. they are very rare         

B. they often cause loss of life
C. they always occur in big cities                         

D. they arouse the interest of all the readers
61.From the discussion among some experts we may conclude that ____.
A. to avoid any accidents we should not repair the facilities in chemical industry

B. the local authorities should not be concerned with the production of the chemical industry
C. all these accidents could have been avoided or controlled if effective measure had been taken
D. natural gas stored in very large tanks is always safe

C

So great is our passion for doing things for ourselves that we are being increasingly less dependent on specialized labour. No one can plead ignorance(对……无知) of a subject any longer, for there are countless do-it-yourself publications. Armed with the right tools and materials, newlyweds新婚的人) gaily get down to the task of decorating their own homes. Men, particularly, spend hours of their leisure time installing their own fireplaces, laying out their own gardens; building garages and making furniture. But unfortunately not all of us are born handymen.
    Some wives tend to believe that their husbands are extremely resourceful and can fix anything. Even men who can hardly drive a nail in straight are supposed to be born electricians, carpenters, plumbers and mechanics. When lights fuse, furniture gets rickety
快要散架的), pipes get blocked, or vacuum cleaners fail to operate, some woman think that their husbands will somehow put things right. The worst thing about the do-it-yourself game is that sometimes even men live under the delusion错觉) that they can do anything, even when they have repeatedly been proved wrong. It is a question of pride as much as anything else.
    Last spring my wife suggested that I call in a man to look at our lawn mower. It had broken down the previous summer, and though I promised to repair it, I had never got round to it. I would not hear of the suggestion and said that I would fix it myself. One Saturday afternoon, I dragged the machine into the garden and had a close look at it. As far as I could see, it needed only a minor adjustment: a turn of a screw here, a little tightening up there, a drop of oil and it would be as good as new. Actually the repair job was not quite so successful. The mower firmly refused to mow, so I decided to take it apart. And I was extremely pleased with myself. I had found the cause of the trouble. One of links in the chain that drives the wheels had broken. After buying a new chain I was faced with the tough task of putting the confusing jigsaw puzzle together again. I was not surprised to find that the machine still refused to work after I had reassembled it, for the simple reason that I was left with several curiously shaped bits of metal which did not seem to fit anywhere. I gave up in despair. The weeks passed and the grass grew. When my wife urged me to do something about it, I told her that either I would have to buy a new mower or let the grass grow. Needless to say our house is now surrounded by a jungle
(丛林).Buried somewhere in deep grass there is a rusting lawn mower which I have promised to repair one day.

62. According to the passage which of the following is true?

A. If you have right tools and materials, you can do anything.

B. Although they can hardly drive a nail in straight, they are supposed to be born electricians, carpenters, plumbers and mechanics.

C. All wives believe that their husband can fix anything.

D. we have great passion for doing things for ourselves because we are being increasingly less dependent on specialized labour.

63. Why did the writer’s wife suggest calling in a man to look at the mower?

A. To get her husband to mend it, believing that he needed some help.

B. She had forgotten that her husband had promised to mend it.

C. She suspected it would otherwise remain unrepaired and the grass uncut.

D. Her husband had repeatedly tried mending it already without success.

64. The writer decided to take apart the mower because _____ .

A. it was a Saturday and he had the time to spare

B. he had discovered the cause of the trouble

C. he thought it was a sure way of repairing it.

D. what repairs he had already carried out had not proved successful.

65. The writer’s house is now surrounded by a jungle because _____ .

A. his wife was not prepared to let him buy a new lawn mower

B. The lawn mower is buried somewhere in deep grass.

C. The writer wanted to let the grass grow.

D. he lost several pieces of the mower in the process of repairing it

第二节:下面文章中有5处(第66 – 70题)需要添加小标题。请从以下选项(ABCDEF)中选出符合各段意思的小标题,并在答题纸上将相应选项的标号涂黑。选项中有一项是多余选项。

In the game of life, if it often seems like you’re on the losing end of things, you’re not alone. Life can be one giant conundrum(难解的问题)filled with ups and downs. When you feel like you’re experiencing more downs than ups, sometimes it helps to get a little tough love once in a while. That’s why we put together this list of harsh(残酷的)truths that will help you grow.

A. The first step is always the hardest.

B. You can’t always be in control of everything.

C. Life isn’t fair.

D. Not everyone will support you along the way.

E. You are the only thing holding yourself back from greatness.

F. You can’t accomplish great things without taking great risks.

66.        

Life will hand you lemons, often when you least expect it. The sooner you embrace this harsh truth, the better prepared you’ll be to handle tough situations that are sure to arise.

67.       

Here’s another harsh truth many people have trouble grasping: if you don’t take risks you will have a lot harder time accomplishing what you want in life. People who truly change the world are the biggest risk takers. They’re the ones who are willing to put everything on the line and fail for something they believe in. And they treat each failure as an opportunity to grow and get better.

68.     

In life, there’s no shortage of doubters, haters, and pessimists. Overcoming this harsh truth is simple: don’t listen. Choose to stick with your guns, trust your instincts, and forget about people who don’t support your goals and passions.

69.        

Let’s face it: changing bad habits is tough. Research proves it. Chinese philosopher Lao Tzu once said, “The journey of a thousand miles begins with a single step.” So if you want to change something, start with baby steps. Take a small action–any action–and grow from there.

70.    

Listen, letting go is hard, especially if you’re a go-getter. But if you want to continue to grow, there are times when you need to let go your control on everything and let things unfold how they’re meant to be. This doesn’t mean your mentality for everything should be “wait and hope.” You can still strive for greatness, but put the work in and then let go with plete faith that the universe will make things right for you. You’ll be amazed at how well it works.

非选择题部分(共25分)

第四部分:写作(共二节,满分25分)

第一节:短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

下面短文中有10处语言错误。请在有错误的地方增加、删除或修改某个单词。  

增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(/\),并在其下面写出该加的词。   

删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。   

修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。   

注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;   

2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。                   

There was a man whose named Chow Khok who had a baby donkey. When it was fatter, Chow Khok said to his son,” Our donkey is nice and fat now. He will bring us good price at the market.” But whether we walk him all the way to the market, he will grow thin but no one will want him, I think we should tie him gentle to a pole and carry him between our shoulder.

The son agreed. So they ties the donkey’s four legs to a long pole. Then, placed the ends of the pole on their shoulders, they started to walk to the market by the donkey hanging upside down between them

第二节: 书面表达(满分15分)

目前,许多中学生养成了浪费的坏习惯。其实,勤俭节约是中华民族的传统美德。请你就此话题写一篇文章,内容包括:

1.简要描述此现象和你对此话题的理解。

2.举一个你尊敬的人勤俭节约的例子.

3.列举你生活中浪费的坏习惯并说说你勤俭节约的决心。

参考词汇:勤俭节约 thrifty (adj.)    美德virtue