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解析:因(2a-3c)-(2b-3d)=(2a-2b)-(3c-3d)

2016年普通高等学校全国统一考试(四川卷)

英语

总评:2016年四川卷覆盖面广,难易适度,能全面考查出学生对基础知识的掌握和语言运用的能力。

阅读理解从文体上来看,与前几年的出题思路一致:一篇广告,一篇说明文,一篇议论文;考查内容全面,题型多样,包括细节理解、推理判断题、主旨大意题和词义猜测题,其中推理判断题比重较大。

七选五主要考查上下文衔接识别和关键词的把握。话题也是学生不陌生的话题,其中一空位于句首,一空位于句末,三个空位于句子中间,考生只要运用七选五的常规选项筛选和辨析技巧,定会得心应手。

完形填空

全文逻辑清晰,上下文线索明了,主要考查学生对上下文的理解,在语境中做出正确选择。文章中不涉及语法的填空,单纯词汇辨析几乎没有,因此今年该题重在考查的就是对于语篇的细致理解,并没有在故事情感线索处及近义词辨析方面过多挖陷阱增加区分度。词组搭配考查多用基础词汇。该题考查了4个名词、4个形容词、5个副词、6个动词和1个介词。

语法填空

该题突出了高考对于重点考点的重点考查,动词的时态、语态、状语从句、非谓语动词、并列连词、名词的单数复数以及不同词性之间的词形转换仍然是我们考查的重点。

短文改错

该题考查基础知识较多,涉及到不可数名词、冠词、定语从句、动词时态、非谓语动词、固定词组、并列连词以及对词汇本意的考查。其中favorite(最喜爱),曾经在2007年的河北省中、高考的单词拼写中考查。

最后,书面表达部分是用英文写一篇短文,是学生熟悉的话题,应该说不难写,只要书写过关,相信学生会得到一个满意的分数。

第二部分阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)

第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(ABCD)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

A

Basketball Statistician Help Wanted

The Athletic Department is looking for students to help assist staff during the Fall 2016, Winter 2016-17 and Spring 2017 semestersStudents in this position will be keeping live statistics during basketball gamesStudents must meet all of the following requirements:

Good computer skills

Available evenings and weekends

Knowing basketball rules and statistics

Students interested in working for the Athletic Department should contact the Athletic Coordinator at their respective(各自的) campuses

TP/SS Athletic Coordinator, Michael Simone,240-567-1308

Rockville Athletic Coordinator, Jorge Zuniga,240-567-7589

Springfield Athletic coordinator, Gary Miller,240-567-2273

Germantown Athletic Coordinator, GavriChavan, 240-567-6915

1When will the job start?

A In May 2016B In May 2017

CIn September 2016                                                                     D In September2017

2Who is more likely to get job?

ASam,English major ,member of the college basketball team

BJudy,IT staff with night classes,children’s basketball team coach

CTed,computer major, basketball fan,free on evenings and weekends

DMolly,part_time programmer,high school basketball player ,new mother

3Whom should you contact if you want to apply for the job in Rockville?

AMichaelBJorge CGauri                    DGary

B

If you could have one superpower, what would it be?

Dreaming about whether you would want to read minds, see through walls, or have superhuman strength may sound silly, but it actually gets to the heart of what really matters in your life

Every day in our work, we are inspired by the people we meet doing extraordinary things to improve the world

They have a different kind of superpower that all of us possess: the power to make a difference in the lives of others

We’re not saying that everyone needs to contribute their lives to the poor Your lives are busy enough doing homework, playing sports, making friends, seeking after your dreams But we do think that you can live a more powerful life when you devote some of your time and energy to something much larger than yourself Find an issue you are interested in and learn more Volunteer or, if you can, contribute a little money to a cause Whatever you do, don’t be a bystander Get involved You may have the opportunity to make your biggest difference when you’re older But why not start now?

Our own experience working together on health, development, and energy the last twenty years has been one of the most rewarding parts of our lives It has changed who we are and continues to fuel our optimism about how much the lives of the poorest people will improve in the years ahead

4What does the underlined part in Paragraph 2 refer to?

AYour life style

BYour life value

CYour trouble in life

DYour life experience

5Why does the author say they are inspired every day?

AThey possess different kinds of superpowers

BThey have got the power to change the world

CSome people around them are making the world better

DThere are many powerful people in their life and work

6What does the author stress in Paragraph 5?

ALearning more and contributing more to a cause

BRising above self and acting to help others

CWorking hard to get a bigger opportunity

DTrying your best to help the poor

7What can be inferred from the last paragraph?

AThe author believes the lives of the poorest will get better

BMuch more progress will be made in the near future

CThe work on health is the most valuable experience

DPeople’s efforts have been materially rewarded

C

In the depths of the French Guianese rainforest, there still remain unusual groups of indigenous(土著的) peopleSurprisingly, these people live largely by their own laws and their own social customsAnd yet, people in this area are in fact French citizens because it has been a colony(殖民地) of the French Republic since 1946In theory, they should live by the French law is often ignored or unknown, thus making them into an interesting area of “lawlessness” in the world

The lives of these people have finally been recorded thanks to the effects of a Frenchman form Paris called Gin Gin spent five months in early 2015 exploring the most remote corners of this area, which sits on the edge of the Amazon rainforest, with half its population of only 250,000 living in its capital, Cayenne

“I have a special love for the French Guianese peopleI have worked there on and off for almost ten years,” says Gin“I’ve been able to keep firm friendships with themThus I have been allowed to gain access to their living environmentI don’t see it as a lawless landBut rather I see it as an area of freedom

“I wanted to show the audience a photographic record touching upon the uncivilized life,” continues Gin“I prefer to work in black and white, which allows me to show different specific worlds more clearly

His black-and-white pictures present a world almost lost in timeThese pictures show people seemingly pushed into a world that they were unprepared forThese local citizens now have to balance their traditional self-supporting hunting lifestyle with the lifestyle offered by the modern French Republic, which brings with it not only necessary state welfare, but also alcoholism, betrayal and even suicide

8Why does the author feel surprised about the indigenous people in French Guiana?

AThey seldom follow the French law

BThey often ignore the Guianese law

CThey are separated from the modern world

DThey are both Guianese and French citizens

9Gin introduced the special world of the indigenous Guianese as _________

Aa tour guide

Ba geographer

Ca film director

Da photographer

10What is Gin’s attitude towards the lives of the indigenous Guianese?

ACautious

BDoubtful

CUninterested

DAppreciative

11What does the underlined word “it” in the last paragraph refer to?

AThe modern French lifestyle

BThe self-supporting hunting

CThe uncivilized hunting

DThe French Republic

D

A warm drink of milk before bed has long been the best choice for those wanting a good night’s sleepBut now a study has found it really does help people nod off—if it is milked from a cow at night

Researchers have discovered that “night milk” contains more melatonin(褪黑激素), which has been proven to help people feel sleepy and reduce anxiety

The study, by researchers from Seoul, South Korea, involved mice being fed with dried milk powder made from cows milked both during the day and at night

Those given night milk, which contained 10 times the amount of melatonin, were less active and less anxious than those fed with the milk collected during daytime, according to the study published in The Journal of Medicinal Food

Night milk quickened the start of sleep and caused the mice to sleep longer

While the effect of cows milk harvested at different time has not been tested on humans up to now, taking melatonin drugs has been suggested to those who are struggling to fall asleep at night

Previous studies have also indicated that milk can be excellent for helping sleep because of the calcium content, which helps people to relax

Milk is also sugar-free and additive-free with nutritionists recommending skimmed milk as the best choice before bed as it is the least fattening The more fat you take in before bedtime, the greater burden you will put on your body at night

12According to the text, the mice fed with daytime milk_______

Astarted sleep more easily

Bwere more anxious

Cwere less active

Dwoke up later

13Which of the following is true of melatonin according to the text?

AIt’s been tested on mice for ten years

BIt can make people more energetic

CIt exists in milk in great amount

DIt’s used in sleeping drugs

14What can be a suitable title for the text?

ANight Milk and Sleep 

BFat Sugar and Health

CAn Experiment on Mice

DMilk Drinking and Health

15How does the author support the theme of the text?

ABy giving examples

BBy stating arguments

CBy explaining statistical data

DBy providing research results

第二节 (5小题;每小题2分,满分10)

根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。

Both men and women are living longer these days in industrialized countries 16  In general, they can expect to live six or seven years more than menOne reason for this is biological

One important biological factor that helps women live longer is the difference in hormones between men and women 17 Between the ages of about 12 and 50, women produce hormones that are involved in fertility(生育能力)These hormones also have a positive effect on the heart and blood flowIn fact, women are less likely to have high blood pressure or to die from heart attacks

18   They help the body defend itself against some kinds of infections This means that women generally ger sick less often and less seriously than menThe common cold is a good example: women, on average, get fewer colds than men19    Scientists are still not exactly sure how influence aging, but they believe that they do Some think that a woman’s body cells have a tendency() to age more slowly than a man’s Others think that a man’s body cells have a tendency to age more quickly 20  
A
However, women, on average, live longer
B
The biological factor plays an important part
C
Women are also helped by their female genes
D
The female hormones also protect the body in another way
E
Recent research seems to support both of these possibilities
F
Therefore, women are more healthy than men and can live a better life
G
Hormones are chemicals which are produced by the body to control carious body functions

第三部分:英语知识运用(共两节,满分45分)

第一节完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)

阅读下面的短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(ABCD)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

Lainey finished third gradeShe had good grades and could read 21  grade level, but she did not like to readOn a family car trip, her Aunt Dede pulled out a copy of Harry Potter, as a surprise for her 22But Lainey took one look at it,  23  her eyes, and said, “Borring!”

Aunt Dede, a teacher, had read the book to her students, and they loved it  24  the youngest children in the class were  25 by the storyThey 26  with great interest and then 27 joined in grand conversations about Harry`s adventures

“How can you say it`s  28  ? Have you read it? ” asked Aunt Dede

“No, it`s too long and it doesn`t have any 29 ” complained Lainey

“Oh, that`s where you are 30 ;there are lots of picturesEvery page is full of pictures; you just have to read the words to 31 themIt`s like magic

“Nice try , Aunt Dede,”Lainey replied  32  from the back seat

Another 33was in order “Well, if you don’t want to read it, give it34 Maybe your mom would 35 hearing the story” The book sailed through the air to Aunt Dede and she began to read it aloudBy the end of the first chapter,36were coming from the back seat:“Please read a little37

Lainey is an example of an  38readerAs shown here, Lainey can become39 about reading when 40with literature on topics that interest her, and when the people around her model involvement in the reading process

21AWithin          BOn                        CTo                         Dabove

22ADaughter      BNiece                    CStudent                 Dfriend

23AOpened        BDried                    CRolled                   Dshaded

24AEven             BStill                       CJust                       DYet

25ASurprised      BAnnoyed              CPuzzled                 Dattracted

26ARead             BTold                      CListened                Dwrote

27ASuspectedly  BAnxiously             CCalmly                  Denthusiastically

28AAmazing       BBoring                  CRidiculous            Dhumorous

29APictures        BStories                  CAdventures           Dconversations

30ACrazy           BFoolish                 CWrong                   Ddifferent

31ASee               BMatch                   CShow                    Drecognize

32ASourly          BPatientl                 CEagerly                 Dshyly

33AIdea              BTry                        CBelief                   Dbehavior

34AAway            BOut                       CIn                          Dback

35AEnjoy           BAdmit                   CMind                     Dfinish

36ADecisions     BRequests               CComments            Dpromises

37Amore clearly BLonger                  CLouder                  Dmore carefully
38
AUnpleasant          BInnocent               CUnwilling              Dindependent 
39
AAstonished          BWorried                CConfused              Dexcited
40
A Presented            BConcerned            CDisturbed              Dreplaced

II

第三部分:英语知识运用(共两节,满分45分)

第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)

阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

The giant panda41  (love) by people throughout the worldChinese scientists42  (recent) had a chance to study a wild female panda with a newborn babyShe was a very43  (care)motherFor 25days,she never left her baby,not even to find something44  (eat)!She would not let any other pandas come nearShe licked the baby constantly to keep it cleanAny smell might attract natural45  (enemy)that would try to eat the little comforting  patsThe mother held the baby in her front paws much the way a human does 46  it cried,she rocked it back and forth and gave it little comforting pats,The mother continued to care for the young panda47  more than two yearsBy that time,the panda no longer needed48  (it)mother for foodHowever,it stayed with her and leaned about the ways of the forestThen,after two and a half years,the mother49  (drive)the young panda awayIt was time for her to have a new baby,50  it was also time for the young panda to be independent

第四部分写作(共两节,满分35分)

第一节短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。

删除:把多余的词用斜线()划掉。

修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

It is Mother’s Day todayThough it’s a western festival, it’s popular in China now

Mom has a full-time job,so she has to do most of the houseworksShe is a great motherBoth Dad or I planned to do something on Mother’s DayWe get up early in the morningDad cleaned the house,and then went on shoppingWhen he came back,I found a bunch of flowers in her handI asked Mom to stay in the sitting room and I cooked in kitchenThe dishes what I cooked were Mom’s favoritiestAt dinner,we said to her,“Happy Mother’s Day”Mom was grateful and moving

第二节书面表达(满分25分)

某中学生英文报正举办“The Season I Like Best”的征文活动。请用英文写一篇短文投稿,内容包括:

1.你最喜欢的季节;

2.你喜欢该季节的两条理由(如:气候、景色、活动、感受……)。

注意:

1.词数100左右;

2.题目已为你写好;

3.行文连贯,语篇完整;

4.文中不得透露个人真实信息。