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江苏省南京市2016中考英语真题

(时间:90分钟 满分:120分)

一、单项填空(共15小题, 每小题1, 满分15分).ABCD四个选项中, 选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项.

1. Look at the picture. Diana is_______(  )

A. the tallest                                                  B. the shortest

C. taller than Jenny                                        D. shorter than David

2. Helen is new here, so we know _______ about her(  )

A. nothing                  B. something               C. anything                 D. everything

3. Yingqi Bird Nest Library, the smallest library in the world, was opened to the public in Nanjing's Huashu Village________the World Reading Day this year. (  )

A. on                          B. in                            C. at                            D. as

4. Last night the big fire in Sunshine Shopping Mall was started by the children playing with matches, ________, no one was hurt. (  )

A. Luckily                  B. Suddenly                C. Easily                     D. Sadly

5. Can you help me________those exercise booksI got a different number each time. (  )

A. carry                      B. move                      C. Wwrite                   D. count

6. Are you going camping this afternoon

A typhoon is coming I’m not sure _______the road to the mountains will be closed. (  )

A. which                     B. what                       C. whether                  D. why

7. .It took me almost a whole day to _______so many emails. (  )

A. deal with                B. cut in                      C. cheer for                D. run out 

8. My sister is still very ______ with me because I broke her new pencil box yesterday. (  )

A. popular                  B. satisfied                  C. honest                    D. angry

9. Have you read the book Jane Eyre

Yes. It's a famous book and really worth_______. (  )

A. to read                   B. reading                   C. to be read               D. read

10. It's reported that Jiangsu Grand Theatre ______ in September this year(  )

A. completes                                                 B. is completed

C. will complete                                            D. will be completed

11. Which of the following words is pronounced /geit/?(  )

A. gate                        B. great                       C. greet                       D. get

12. Hi, Nora. Is your mother at home

Just a minute! She______flowers in the garden. (  )

A. plant                      B. is planting               C. planted                   D. was planting

13. In the words unhappy and unusual, the un•means_________. (  )

A. very                       B. most                       C. not                          D. less

14. on the mobile phone

Where are youI can't see you here at the theatre.

_______. I’m just one block away. (  )

A. Good idea                                                 B. My pleasure

C. I'm coming                                                D. Nice talking to you

15. Reading is a good way to pass the time on the plane.

_______. I never go travelling without a book. (  )

A. You are joking                                           B. That’s true

C. I don’t think so                                         D. It sounds like fun

二、完型填空(共1小题;每小题10, 满分10分). 阅读下面短文, 从短文所给各题的四个选项(ABCD)中. , 选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项.

16.  Rob Howes wanted to spend a day at the beach. He16   his daughter Nicky and her two friends, Helen Slade and Karina Cooper. They all went to Ocean Beach in New Zealand, where Howes was a lifeguard.

The group swam and bodysurfed. Then they saw something17   . "Suddenly, there are these fins, "said Howes.

The18   saw seven dolphins moving towards them. The dolphins seemed worried. They19   the water with their tails. They kept moving in a circle around the swimmers. Then one large dolphin swam towards Howes and Helen. Next, it dived(潜水)down underwater. That's when Howes saw something grey moving in the20   .

A great white shark21   underwater. It wasn't far from the people. The shark headed straight towards Nicky and Karina. Now the shark was not slow. It moved22   ! So the dolphins used their tails to swim even faster. Each one splashed its tail even more. Then Howes knew

23   the dolphins did so. The dolphins didn't want to24   him and the girls. These sea mammals(哺乳动物)wanted to keep them safe.

The dolphins stayed close to the group 25   the shark left. When Howes and the kids were safe, the dolphins swam away.

"You want to say thank you and shake their filppers, "Howes said. This isn't a fishy tale!These dolphins are heroes.

16. A. brought            B. missed                    C. returned                  D. searched

17. A. broken             B. common                 C. strange                    D. polluted

18. A. trainers             B. coaches                  C. fishermen               D. swimmers

19. A. held                  B. hit                           C. cleaned                   D. provided

20. A. pool                 B. air                           C. island                     D. water

21. A. waited              B. washed                   C. grew                       D. served

22. A. beautifully       B. fast                         C. heavily                   D. away

23. A. where               B. what                       C. why                        D. whether

24. A. play                  B. trust                        C. harm                       D. protect

25. A. until                 B. because                  C. if                            D. since.

三、阅读理解(共4小题;每小题2, 满分15分)阅读下列材料, 从每题所给四个选项(ABCD)中, 选出最佳选项.

26. 2分)(2016•南京)Alan is visiting South Mainland with his family, He is reading an information card to help them.  

Ferry Booking Offices

Mousa, Tel07901 872339

Fair Isle. Tel01595 760363

Shops

Dunrossness, Toab. Bigton. Sandwick

Places to Eat Local Food

Sumburgh. Spiggie. Bigton. Hoswick

Post Offices

Dunrossness, Toab, Bigton Levenwick

Visitors Centres

Boddam Hoswick. Sandsayre. Cunningsburgh

Swimming Pool

Sandwick, Tel01950 431511

Health Centre

levenwick. Tel01950 422240

Police Station

Dunrossness, Tel01950 460707

26. Which number should Alan call if he wants to book tickets for the ferry________

    A. 01950 460707.      B. 01595 760363.      C. 01950 422240.      D. 01950 431511.

27. Where can Alan go to enjoy local food in South Mainland________

A. Dunrossness, Toab. Bigton, Sandwick.

B. Sumburgh, Spiggie, Bigton. Hoswick

C. Dunrossness, Toab. Bigton, Levenwick

D. Boddam, Hoswick, Sandsayre, Cunningsburgh.

28.  CHARACTERS﹣﹣Max and Emma

SCENE  1Dining hall. Sunville  Middle School

EMMAMax!Hi!Mr. Sosa says our band(乐队)can play in the talent show!

MAXCool!I'll tell Felipe to meet in the music room after school for a practice.

EMMAUmm. I wonder if It's a good idea to have Felipe in our band …

MAX:(With his mouth openOf course it is! He's really good at the keyboard.

EMMAReallyHe seems more interested in maths than anything else.

MAXWell, the says maths and music are connected. He says that learning to read music and playing keyboard is like learning maths formulas(公式).

EMMAThen I'm sure he's good at music. too. With Felipe on keyboard, we'll really have an edge over the other groups

28. The underlined word "edge" in the play means"________".

A temperature   B. advantage     C. conversation    D. relationship

29. Why does Emma wonder if it is a good idea to have Felipe in the band?   

A. She thinks Felipe will help them win.

B. She's not sure if Felipe is good at music

C. She thinks the band has had enough players.

D. She's imagining what songs Felipe likes to play.

30. Which of following shows where the scene happens?   

A. EMMAUmm

B. MAX:(With his mouth open

C. CHARACTERSMax and Emma

D. SCENE IDining hall, Sunville Middle School.

31. 5分)(2016•南京)A new report shows what life might be like in 100 years now. It describes skyscrapers that are much taller than today's buildings, underwater"bubble"cities and holidays in space. The report is from a company. It asked experts(专家)on space and architecture, as well as city planners, to give their ideas on the life in 2116. They said the way we live, work and play will be totally different to how we do these things today. The experts used the Internet as an example. They said that 25years ago, people could not imagine how the Internet and smartphones would change our lives. The Internet has completely changed the way we communicate, learn and do daily things. The experts said the changes in the next century would be even more unbelievable.

Researchers questioned 2, 000 adults about the predictions(预言)they thought were most likely(很可能的)to happen in the future. They predicted that in the future, few people will go to an office but will work from home and have work meetings online. People will have highly developed 3D printers that will let you download(下载)a design for furniture or a food recipe and then"print"the sofa, table or pizza at home. There will also be less need for visits to the doctor. We will all  have a home health  instrument that will tell us what the problem is and give us treatment. We will also be going into space for holidays and to get resources that we have used up on Earth. A prediction that is missing is whether people will still need to study English.

31. The writer uses the example of the Internet in Paragraph I to show________.

A. the Internet was often used                  

B. the Internet has developed fast

C. people will not believe the changes      

D. technology will change people's lives

32. With the help of highly developed 3D printers, a way to get a sofa in 2116 is to________.

A. buy one in a shop                                  

B. ask somebody to make one

C. download a design and"print"one     

D. design and make one by oneself

33. According to the passage, the missing prediction is________.

A. how people will work

B. where people will get resources

C. what people will have at home to treat illness

D. whether people will still need to learn English.

34. The passage is mainly about________.

A. the life in 2016                      

B. holidays in space 

C. the history of the Internet     

D. medical treatment

35. The passage is most probably from________.

A. an advertisement                                B. a newspaper

C. a detective story                                D. a health report.

Rachel Carson19071964was a pioneer of the world's environmental movement through her writing about the protection of the natural world. Her 1962 book Silent Spring made her well known by many people. It describes the harmful changes in the environment of using toxic(有害的)chemicals on farmland.

Carson's career started as a biologist in the US Bureau of Fisheries. In 1951 she published her first book. The Sea Around Us, which became a bestseller. It made her rich enough to leave her job and devote her life to writing. She was s gifted writer. Her next two books were also about the oceans and both topped the book sales lists.

Carson's book Silent Spring completely changed the way America thought about nature. It painted a bleak(荒凉的)future for the whole natural world. It led to a nationwide ban(禁止)on the  use of a deadly chemical called DDT, and other toxic pesticides(农药)that farmers used for their crops. Many people say the book led to the creation of America's Environmental Protection Agency.

Since her death. Carson's  name has continued to be connected with protecting the environment. There is now a yearly Rachel Carson Book Prize. Norway awards the Rachel Carson Prize to women who have made great contributions to the field of environmental protection. In1980, 16 years after her death, she was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom, the highest civilian honour in America.

36. What happened to Rachel Carson in1962?   

A. She started to write books

B. She gave up working as s biologist

C. Her book The Sea Around Us sold well

D. Her book Silent Spring made her famous 

37. What most probably made Rachel Carson leave her job?   

A. She got an award

B. She published Silent Spring

C. The Sea Around Us brought her enough money

D. The US government took notice of her researches

38. Why is the book Silent Spring important to America's environmental protection?   

A. It describes a silent spring

B. It topped the book sales lists

C. It changeed how America thought about nature

D. It includes all Carson's research achievements

39. What does the underline word"It"in Paragraph 3 mean?   

A. The book Silent Spring

B. The way America thought

C. The US Bureau of Fisheries

D. America's Environmental Protection Agency

40. Why was Rachel Carson awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom?   

A. She published the book silent spring

B. She did a lot of researches for the US Bureau of Fisheries

C. She donated much money to the Rachel Carson  Book Prize

D. She made great contributions to the environmental protection.

 

 

四、填空(共5小题, 每小题1, 满分5分).

41. I find the game without Kobe Bryant boring.

I don't agree. One player cannot make a________(队).

42. There is an________(空的)bottle on the road, Everyone should be careful.

43. It's a good idea to give your father a________夹克衫)as a gift on June 19, Father's Day.

44. Where shall we go for the summer outing, Daniel

I can't________(记得)exactly, maybe somewhere near Babulo Valley.

45. If everyone thinks about pollution and recycling, we can protect the air and help________救)our world.

根据句子意思, 用括号中所给单词的适当形式填空, 并将答案写在相应的位置.

46. At present more and more students choose online courses and study by________they.

47. Nanjing looks much more beautiful on________snowdays.

48. Nancy. I really don't know how to write articles.

Don't worry.________usea mind map to organize your ideas.

49. This bookstore sells many English________dictionary. You can choose what you like.

50. There________befour students from School for the Blind in Nanjing sharing reading with the students in the US through online video on April 22, 2016.

根据对话内容, 从下面方框中选择适当的单词或短语填空, 时对话内容完整正确, 并将答案写在对应的位置上.

51. 5分)(2016•南京)

文本框: always   patient   Good idea    because of    do well in

 

 

Awhich teachers will you miss the most after junior high school, Han Mei

BMs. Zhang and Mr. Li.

AI know that Ms. Zhang was51________enough to repeat grammar rules for you in English class.

BYes, and Mr. Li helped me52________maths. He always took the time to explain things to me clearly whenever I couldn't understand anything. Who will you miss

AMs. Zhang. She encouraged me in Chinese class. She53________told me, "You can do it!"I put in more effort and got high marks54________her.

BShall we get each of them a card and gift to say thank you

A:(55________. Let's go shopping tomorrow!

五、阅读填空(共1小题, 每小题10, 满分10分)阅读下列短文, 根据所读内容, 在文章第56-65小题的空格里填入一个最恰当的单词, 并将答案写在对应的位置上.

56. 10分)(2016•南京)What will you eat for lunch todayIn some countries lunchtime often means soup time! There are many kinds of soups served around the world. Some are as thin and clear as water. Some are as thick as stews. Others are full of noodles!

Soup is just one thing that can be eaten for lunch, What you eat for lunch may be different from the lunch of someone who lives in another country. Let’s take a look around the world to see what kids are eating for lunch.

Mexico

Many children in Mexico eat tortillas for lunch. Most tortillas are made from ground corn, but sometimes wheat in used. Tortillas are usually flat and round, but they can also be made into other shapes. Taco shells are made from corn tortillas and filled with beans or meat. Tasty sauces, called salsas, are often added to tacos, These sauces are made from tomatoes, onions, hot peppers and spices.

Russia

Winters in Russia are very cold. Maybe that's why many Russian children eat soup for lunch. Two of their favourites are cabbage soup and beet soup.

Many Russian soups also include potatos. Potatoes are an important crop in Russia. They make soups thick, Eating thick soups can help keep people warm and can fill them up, so hunger is no problem!

South Korea

Meals in Korea are made up of many dishes. No matter what else is served, there in always rice.

Kimchi is also always on the table, Kimchi is pickled(腌制的)meat or vegetables. Korean children mix together many dishes and flavors at meals. It’s common for their food to be hot and spicy.

Thailand

Lunch in Thailand often includes noodles. There are many ways to serve noodles. One popular dish is made with thin rice noodles, tofu and shrimp. Another favourite way to eat rice noodles is with meat, vegetables and thick gravy.

What's for 56________

Introduction

•Different soups are served around the world, In some countries soup time57________for lunchtime.

•Kids in different countries may not eat the58________food for lunch.

Food for lunch in

different countries 

Mexico 

•Tortillas are popular food made from ground corn or wheat in different59________.

•Taco shells are made from corn tortillas and

60________of beans or meat.

Russia

•Cabbage soup and beet soup are Russian children's

 favourites. They eat soup for lunch probably because of the

61________season.

•Russians62________potatoes to soups  in order to made them thick.

South  Korea 

•There are many dishes in Korea. However, you cannot

63________seeing rice and Kimchi on the table

•Many dishes and flavors64________together at meals in hot and spicy tastes.

Thailand 

•People cook or eat rice noodles with different

65________like tofu. meat, vegetables, and so on.

根据短文内容及首字母提示, 填写所缺单词, 并将答案填在在相应位置.

66. 10分)(2016•南京)How long does it take to bulid a new houseIt usually takes about six months or more. 66B________each year, thousands of people work together to bulid new homes in just four monthsWho does this67w________workHabitat for Humanity.

Habitat for Humanity is a group that builds homes for families in68n________. It has branches(分部)in different states around the country.

This group works all over the world, too. Volunteers help build the homes. They are unpaid workers who do all the work for69f________. Volunteers can be builders and painters. They can be teachers or bankers, Some are students. Habitat for Humanity has built more than 300, 000 houses. More than 1.5 million people70l________in these houses.

Buliding a home is hard work. Volunteers learn71h________to put up walls. They use many 72m________and tools. These selfless(无私的)volunteers  work with the family that will live in the house, Everyone works together to make the family's73d________come true.

Suruchi Srikanth has worked with Habitat for Humanity for four years. She74b________

volunteering in high school. She has built many homes with others Volunteers. She takes her responsibilities(责任)seriously. Volunteers know 75i________they don't help, homes may not get built. They are good citizens who care other people.

六、书面表达(满分15分).

76. 15分)(2016•南京)假如你是在南京学习的英国交流学生Max, 你的英国同学Simon 给你写了一封电子邮件. 请你根据邮件内容, 用英语给Simon 回一封电子邮件.

Hey Max,

I haven’t heard from you since you in Nanjing. How are you getting on? Is everything OK with the school you study inWhat are your English classes like

Write soon!

Yours,

Simon

注意:

1. 文中不得出现你的真实姓名和学校名称;

2. 语言通顺, 意思连贯, 条例清楚, 书写规范;

3. 词数80左右, 邮件的开头与结尾已经给出, 不计入总词数.

Hi Simon,

Sorry I haven’t written till now_____________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Yours,

Max.