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浙江省宁波市2016中考英语真题

(时间90分钟:满分:120分)

一、听力(共5小题, 第一节每小题1, 第二三节每小题1, 25分)(略)

二、完形填空(本题有15小题, 每小题15分;共15分)

16. Think before we speak!

It was a sunny and enjoyable day. Everyone in the16    station was waiting for the train to arrive. Among the crowd, there was a group of young friends who were on board for vacation.

It was a17    station with a lot of people and some juice shops, coffee and tea stalls, newspaper shops, etc. The train was arriving and everyone prepared to18    the train to their seats.

The group of friends made loud noise to19    the train as it moved into the station. They ran to get their seats20    anyone entered the train.

The empty seats were21    and the train whistled(鸣笛声)to move. An old man with a young boy aged around 15 had their seats just next to the friends’group. The young boy was so

22    to see everything. He cheered, “Dad, the train is moving and the things are moving backward. ”

His father23    and nodded his head.

As the train started moving fast, the young boy again screamed(尖叫), “Dad, the24    are green in color and run backward very fast.” His father said!” Yes, dear,” and smiled.

Just like a kid, he was watching everything with great25    .

A fruit seller passed selling apples, bananas and oranges. The young boy asked his dad, “I want to eat26    . ”His father bought some for him. He said, “Oh, this apple looks a lot sweeter than it tastes. I love this color. ”

The group was watching all the27    of this boy and asked the boy’s father, “Is your son having any problem? Why is he behaving so28    ? ”

“His son is mad, I think,” a friend from the group made fun of him and shouted.

The father of the young boy, with patience, 29    the friends’group, “My son was born 30    . Only a few days ago he was operated. He is seeing different things in his life for the first time. ”

The young friends became very quiet.

16. A. railway           B. bus                      C. police              D. television

17. A. dark              B. silent               C. busy              D. lonely

18. A. get off            B. get down          C. get out             D. get into

19. A. break            B. welcome         C. push              D. leave

20. A. after              B. until               C. before             D. as

21. A. washed            B. moved           C. filled               D. carried

22. A. surprised         B. afraid              C. sorry              D. proud

23. A. shouted          B. smiled             C. cried               D. refused

24. A. skies              B. trees               C. rivers              D. houses

25. A. interest          B. doubt             C. courage            D. sadness

26. A. apples              B. bananas           C. oranges            D. strawberries

27. A. fruits              B. words             C. clothes             D. activities

28. A. happily          B. differently          C. quietly             D. quickly

29. A. quarreled with                                    B. waited for          C. replied to           D. pointed at

30. A. normal             B. deaf               C. mad             D. blind.

三、阅读理解(共4小题, 每小题6分)阅读下面材料, 从每题所给的A.B.C.D四个选项中选出最佳选项.

31. If you like peanut butter, you’ll love this recipe. The steps are easy, and there’s nothing to cook. You can make it all by yourself!

              DIY  Recipe from the kitchen      

What you need

2 cups graham cracker(全麦粉)                  1/2 cup peanut butter

2 tablespoons sugar                               1/3 cup corn syrup(糖水)

1/2 teaspoon cinnamon(肉桂皮)                 1 cup powdered sugar

2/5 teaspoon nutmeg(豆蔻)

What you do

First, mix together the graham cracker, sugar, cinnamon, and nutmeg in a bowl.

Next, add the peanut butter and corn syrup. Mix well.

Then, roll the mixture into balls. Place them on a large plate covered with wax paper.

Leave the plate in the fridge for an hour.

Finally, take peanut butter balls out of fridge. Put powdered sugar in a small bowl. Roll each ball in the powdered sugar until it is covered.

31. How much peanut butter shall we prepare?  

A.1/3 cup        B.1/2 cup       C.1 cup       D.2 cup

32. To make this recipe, you must use       .

A. a blender      B. a knife      C. an oven         D. a fridge

33. How many steps are mentioned in this recipe?      

A. Three         B. Four        C. Five          D. Six.

34. I still remember quite clearly the day when my parents got divorced(离婚). Dad kissed me goodbye and left.

For a long time Mum and I lived a peaceful life. Then one day, Jim came over for lunch wearing a blue suit with a short brown tie and a green shirt. I couldn’t believe this was going to be my new stepfather. It couldn’t be true that my beautiful mother would marry someone who dressed like a clown(小丑). I hated him.

Lunch was terrible. Mother kept trying to start a conversation, but neither Jim nor I would say much. Finally I offered to bring in the dessert just to get away from the clown.

Something unpleasant happened, but I didn’t mean(故意)to do it. I guess the plate slipped. But one minute I was handing Jim his blackberry pie, and the next, dark purple berries were oozing(渗出)all over his shirt and tie.

I was mortified. My face turned bright red. Jim looked very much surprised at first, but then he began to laugh. I started to laugh too. Maybe this guy was all right, after all. Then I had a quick look at my mother. She looked happier than I had seen her in a long time.

34. The writer thinks Jim's clothes look       .

A. nice          B. expensive         C. usual         D. funny

35. From the story we might guess that       .

A. Jim didn’t seem likeable at first      

B. the writer liked Jim from the start   

C. Jim was angry with the writer       

D. Jim didn’t like blackberry pie.

36. In this story the word “mortified” means       .

A. happy         B. bored         C. embarrassed           D. angry

37. The best title for this story would be       .

A. I Love Pie                                          B. My New Stepfather      

C. The World’s Worst Lunch                       D. Mothers Shouldn’t Marry.

38. The friendship between humans and dogs possibly began 14000 years ago. Here are four examples of“a dog’s life“in the human world today.

Treated like a queen

Tiffy is one of these dogs. Her owner, Nancy Jane Loewy, treats her like a queen. She patiently prepares Tiffy’s meals of meat, fish, chicken and different kinds of fresh vegetables. Tiffy also eats yoghurt and biscuits after dinner. Loewy’s husband has a very good job and her two sons are away at university, so she has the time and money to treat Titty very well, and she truly enjoys doing it. “I want to give her the healthiest, most wonderful life as long as possible, ”she says.

Food sniffer dogs(嗅探犬)

Food sniffer dogs work at international airports in the United States. Their job is to smell and find illegal(不合法的)fruits, vegetables and other foods in bags and mail. These foods sometimes bring insects and diseases which could be dangerous for plants and animals. The dog calmly sits down next to anything that smells suspicious(可疑的). The dog’s human partner then checks for illegal foods. Sniffer dogs are friendly and cute, so they don’t scare people as they sniff through the crowds. More importantly these dogs have an astonishing nose for food. They can find food in bags 84% of the time.

Animal carers

Jessic is a whippet(小灵狗)that visits very sick children in hospital. She shows them her love and when they feel down, Jessie makes them happy. Jessie helps patients to stay strong during their time in hospital.

There are many different kinds of animals that help people. We train“service dogs”to help people with physical disabilities. The best known service dogs are guides for the blind. But they can also learn to _______, turn lights on and off, pick up objects from the floor and even pull wheelchairs.

Doggie detectives(侦探犬)

SearchandrescueSARdogs use their amazing noses to find people. They can smell tiny clues(线索)that people leave wherever they go. These include bacteria(细菌), small pieces of clothing and hairs. They may find missing hikers and search through rubble(碎石)after earthquakes and other disasters.

38. What food does Tiffy eat?        

A. Only yoghurt and biscuits    

B. Anything except vegetables  

C. Normal dog food from shops     

D. Homecooked meals

39. Which of the following is the best expression to fill in the blank in the passage?      

A. look for missing hikers    

B. open and close doors    

C. do any tasks for people   

D. follow people here and there

40. What kind of dogs is the most helpful when a child is lost?        

A. SAR dogs                                              B. Whippet dogs    

C. Sniffer dogs                                          D. Queen dogs

41. What’s the purpose of the passage?         

A. To introduce different kinds of food sniffer dogs.

B. To tell the readership the importance of protecting animals    

C. To show the special relationship between dogs and humans.

D. To share with the readers the pleasure of keeping dogs as pets.

42. Your brain controls everything you do. It makes it possible for you to think, learn, create and feelto blink(眨眼)and breathe and for your heart to beatthis fantastic control center is you brain. It is so amazing that a famous scientist once called it“the most complex(复杂)thing we have yet discovered in our universe”.

Can this small grey organ(器官), which weights less than one and a half kilos, really do so much? Amazingly, your brain contains about 100 billion neurons(神经元)﹣it would take you over 3000 years to count them all. Believe it or not, the activity in your brain never stops. Your neurons create and send more messages than all the phones in the world. And although one neuron creates only a little electricity, all your neurons together can producte enough electricity to power a light bulb(灯泡). ”

So exactly how fast does your brain work? Well, imagine thisa bee lands on your foot. Neurons in your skin send this information to your brain at a speed of more than 240 kilometers per hour. Your brain then uses other neurons to send the message back to your foot to shake the bee off quickly. These neurons can send this information at more than 320kilometers per hour. No computer has your brain’s unbelievable ability to deal with the amount of information coming from your eyes, ears and other sensory organs.

But how does your brain allow you to learn things that you will use in the future? The structure (结构)of your brain changes every time you have a new thought, remember or learn something. For example, riding a bike seems impossible at first, but soon you are able to do it. How? As you practice, your brain sends“bike riding”messages again and again. Soon, the actions are learnt and Yuri are able to ride a bike easily from then on.

42. From the passage we know that neurons       .

A. receive messages very slowly   

B. are only found in your skin   

C. send messages to your brain     

D. need electricity to work

43. In Paragraph 3, the writer mentions computers to       .

A. compare them with the human brain    

B. show how fast they have become   

C. say that computers have no abilities      

D. ask people to use computers more

44. When you have a new thought,        .

A. your brain will power a light bulb    

B. your heart beats faster   

C. you remember something    

D. the structure of your brain changes

45. The article is mainly about       .

A. all the steps when your brain learns things    

B. what an unbelievable organ the human brain is        

C. how the brain makes people smarter than computers   

D. the things you can do to make your brain work faster.

四、词汇运用(共1小题, 每小题10分)根据短文内容和括号内所给汉语意思, 写出空白处各单词的正确形式(每空一词).

46. More and more teenagers are using the Internet nowadays, but some of them aren’t using it in a proper way. If you follow these suggestions, it’ll be much46       (安全的)than you might think.

Do not give your password to others and never give out your home47       (地址), real name, age, school or phone number to those48       (陌生人).

Do not share your49       (私密的)information in Moments(朋友圈)

Never answer unwanted50       (电子邮件).

Be51       小心的) when you are using public WiFi or scanning QR code(扫二维码).

Never go and meet anyone you met online52       (没有)your parents’permission and never go 53       (单独地).

Keep a separate        (信用)card just for54       (购物)online. This will make it easier to55       取消)if something bad happens and your other credit cards can still be used uninfluenced.

用方框中所给的单词的正确形式填空, 使对话通顺、正确. 每词仅用一次(每空一词).

文本框: steal        matter       friend      valuable     attend

 

 

56.

SandyMom, I’m really worried.

MomWhy? What’s the56       matter ?

SandyI can’t find my schoolbag.

MomWell, where did you last put it?

SandyI can’t remember! I 57       attended  a concert yesterday so it might still be in the museum hall.

MomDo you have anything58       valuable  in your schoolbag?

SandyNo, just my books, my pink hair band and some tennis balls.

MomSo it can’t be59       stolen .

SandyOh, wait!I went to a picnic after the concert. I remember I had my schoolbag with me at the picnic.

MomSo could it still be at the park?

SandyYes. I left early, before the rest of my60       friends . I’ll call them now to check if anybody has it.

五、语法填空(共1小题, 每小题10分)阅读下面短文, 在空白处填入一个适当的词, 或填入括号中所给单词的正确形式(最多限填3个单词).

61. Long long ago, there was a small village in the Middle East. In the village there was

61       old man called Sthira. He lived by himself. His only son had gone far away to study. Sthira’s friends62       wonderwhether his son would return,63       Sthira always said, ”Whatever happens, happens for good. ”

One day the old man’s son returned and the villages were very happy for Sthira. He thaked the villages and said64       polite, ”Whatever happens, happens for good. ”However, later, Sthira’s son broke his65       . Once again the villages came to visit him and once again the old man thanked66       they and said, ”Whatever happens, happens for good. ”Some of the villages were surprised67       hear this. Why? What was good? His son’s leg got badly hurt!

After a few days, the army came to the village and forced all the young men to68       join  the army. When they found his son had a 69       break leg, they left him behind. Once again, all the villagers came to congratulate him on his70       luck, like always, the old man was still thankful to them and said,” Whatever happens, happens for good. ”

六、任务型阅读(共1小题, 每小题5分)以下是一篇记者对杂技演员Michael的采访记录. 请仔细阅读Michael的回答, A-E中选出对应的记者提问填入空白处.

71. A. How is a day at work?

B. What is hard about your job?

C. Why do you love your job?

D. How much are you usually paid?

E. What skills do you need to be a trapeze(高空秋千)artist?

Reporter:(71      

MichaelI perform in the evenings, but luckily I don’t have to get up early. So in the mornings I sleep in, then practise on stage for 45 minutes. I have to do a lot of exercise before each show.

Reporter:(72       

MichaelBecause it’s like a dream of flying. When you do a great performance on the trapeze, it’s an unbelievable feeling.

Reporter:(73      

MichaelWorking at such a high level every day. Sometimes you wake up with a stomachache, but you have to perform.

Reporter:(74      

MichaelYou need to be strong to deal with physical training. You mustn’t be heavy, or your partner can’t catch you easily. You can’t be at all nervous when there are 5000 people watching you.

Reporter:(75      

MichaelWe get paid per show and the amount depends on your contract (合同). Of course, we can get extra money for extra performances.

七、书面表达(20分)

76. “传递爱心, 服务他人是文明社会所倡导的理念. 狮子会(the Lions)就是一个以此为宗旨的国际性服务团体. 杨敏是狮子会的一名成员, 多年来她一直乐于助人. 请根据提示用英语写一篇短文, 向校刊的English World栏目投稿, 简要介绍杨敏的事迹, 然后谈谈你的观点和打算.

          Ready to help others

Yang Min

Help others for years

Go to the old people’s home twice a month cut hair, wash clothes, do some cleaning

Offer people umbrellas or raincoats on rainy days                          

Your  opinion…

Your  plan…

要求:

1. 短文内容必须包含表格所提供的要点, 可适当发挥;

2. 文中不得出现真实的姓名、校名及地名;

3. 词数:80100(短文开头已给出, 仅供选择使用, 不计入总词数).

短文开头:From time to time, we are moved by the people and things around us. YangMin is one of the persons I admire most.